This book is based on a course that I have been teaching for the past several years to
first year graduate students in the biological sciences at Duke University. These stu-
dents have not studied physical chemistry as undergraduates and typically have not
had more than a year of calculus. Many faculty believe that an understanding of the
principles of physical chemistry is important for all students in the biological sciences,
and this course ...
Chapter 7 (part 1) - Entropy: A measure of disorder. The objectives of Chapter 7 are to: Apply the second law of thermodynamics to processes; define a new property called entropy to quantify the second-law effects; establish the increase of entropy principle; Calculate the entropy changes that take place during processes for pure substances, incompressible substances, and ideal gases.
In this chapter, the analytical embedded atom method and calculating Gibbs free energy
method are introduced briefly. Combining these methods with molecular dynamic and
Monte Carlo techniques, thermodynamics of nano-silver and alloy particles have been