Cancer society

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  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC, World Health Organization) [ 1 ] estimated an incidence of 6,617,855 cancers around the world in 2008 with 4,219,626 deaths associated with this disease (IARC 2011).

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  • The committee is grateful for the contribution of participants at its three public meetings. The presentations and discussions at these meeting were valuable in informing the committee about relevant research findings, issues of interest in the research community, the perspectives of advocacy organizations, and the concerns of individuals with breast cancer and their families. The agendas for these meetings appear in Appendix A.

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  • Screening for Specific Cancers Widespread screening for cervical, colon, and likely breast cancer is beneficial for certain age groups. A number of organizations have considered whether or not to endorse routine use of certain screening tests. Because these groups have not used the same criteria to judge whether a screening test should be endorsed, they have arrived at different recommendations. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, and the American Cancer Society (ACS) publish screening guidelines (Table 78-3).

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  • The body is made up of trillions of living cells. Normal body cells grow, divide, and die in an orderly way. During the early years of a person's life, normal cells divide faster to allow the person to grow. After the person becomes an adult, most cells divide only to replace worn-out, damaged, or dying cells. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer, but they all start because of this out-of-control growth of abnormal cells. Cancer cell growth is different from normal cell growth. Instead...

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  • Some people believe that if cancer has spread to other parts of the body (called metastatic cancer), it is the same as advanced cancer. This is not necessarily true. You can have widespread cancer, but it can still be treatable and sometimes curable. Examples of this are testicular cancer and certain types of leukemia and lymphoma.

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  • Figure 89-2 Survival by adjuvant chemotherapy. Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival from the European Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer 1 (ESPAC1) trial for the comparison of adjuvant chemotherapy versus no adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) in patients with resected pancreatic cancer (hazard ratio for death, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.55 to 0.92; p = .009). (Reprinted with permission from JP Neoptolemos, DD Stocken, H Friess, et al: A randomized trial of chemoradiotherapy and chemotherapy after resection of pancreatic cancer. N Engl J Med 350:1200–1210, 2004.

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  • Acetaldehyde, Acrylamide, Aflatoxin, Allyl isothiocyanate, Aniline, Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Benzo(a)pyrene, Benzofuran, Benzyl acetate, Caffeic acid, Catechol, Coumarin, 1,2,5,6-dibenz(a)anthracene, Estragole, Ethyl alcohol, Ethyl acrylate, Ethyl benzene, Ethyl carbamate, Furan and furan derivatives, Furfural, Heterocyclic amines, Hydrazines Hydrogen peroxide, Hydroquinone, d-limonene, 4-methylcatechol, Methyl eugenol, Psoralens, Quercetin glycosides, Safrole While this may seem frightening, the levels of these chemicals and pesticide residues found in food are too low to affect heal...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'from cancer patient to cancer survivor - lost in transition: an american society of clinical oncology and institute of medicine symposium', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • It is hard to find adrenal carcinomas early and they are often quite large when diagnosed. Adrenal carcinomas are often found earlier in children than in adults because adrenal cancers in children more commonly secrete hormones. Children will show outward signs of excess hormone production early. For example they may develop very early signs of puberty due to the sex hormones that sometimes are produced by adrenal cancer. In adults, these tumors may be found early by accident, when a CT scan is done for some other health concern.

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  • Healthcare professionals should adequately inform men with prostate cancer and their partners or carers about the effects of prostate cancer and the treatment options on their sexual function, physical appearance, continence and other aspects of masculinity. Healthcare professionals should support men and their partners or carers in making treatment decisions, taking into account the effects on quality of life as well as survival.

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  • There are many ways to find a doctor for a second opinion. You can ask your doctor, a local or state medical society, a nearby hospital, or a medical school for names of specialists. Other sources can be found in the NCI fact sheet How To Find a Doctor or Treatment Facility If You Have Cancer. Nonprofit groups with an interest in lymphoma may be of help. Many such groups are listed in the NCI fact sheet National Organizations That Offer Services to People With Cancer and Their Families. Page 46 tells how to get NCI fact sheets....

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  • A wide array of substances derived from the diet have been found to stimulate the development, growth and spread of tumours in experimental animals, and to transform normal cells into malignant ones. These are regarded as suspected human carcinogens. So,many dietary constituents can increase the risk of developing cancer, but there is also accumulating evi- dence from population as well as laboratory studies to support an inverse relationship between regular con- sumption of fruit and vegetables and the risk of specific cancers.

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  • If several family members have had colon or endometrial cancer, you might want to think about having genetic counseling to learn about your family’s risk of having hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). If you (or a close relative) have genetic testing and are found to have a change in one of the genes for HNPCC, you have a high risk of getting endometrial cancer. To find out more about genetic testing, please see our document, Genetic Testing: What You Need to Know. The American Cancer Society recommends that women who have (or may have) HNPCC be offered yearly testing with...

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  • A variety of occupational risks is known to cause cancer. Every year more than seven million people die of cancer. Forty percent of these cases could be prevented which means that one in every ten cancer deaths is preventable through interventions targeted on exposure in the working environment. The articles in this issue of GOHNET highlight some aspects of the problem and the prevention of occupational cancer.

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  • These admittedly rather vague suggestions for man- aging cancer are clearly something of a long shot, but the 12 new Physical Science-Oncology Centers are just starting up (figure 4), and over the coming years they will work together to compare ideas and results from their experimental and theoretical investiga- tions. The success of the initiative will depend on how well the scientists involved can form links between traditional disciplines.

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  • Although the psychosocial oncology literature is strong, substantial limitations and unanswered questions remain. Much of the research has focused on heterogeneous samples of patients who vary widely across disease site (e.g., melanoma vs. breast cancer), stage of progression (e.g., localized vs. metastatic), and phase of illness (e.g., initial diagnosis vs. long-term survival). The challenges patients face vary widely across these dimensions, and therefore, it is crucial for research designs to take this into consideration....

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  • Tham khảo sách 'from cancer patient to cancer survivor: an american society of clinical oncology and institute of medicine symposium', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • B REAST CANCER is the most common malignancy in women. At least 180,000 new cases were diagnosed in 1997, more than double that of the next most common neoplasm, lung cancer. According to the American Cancer Society over 40,000 American women succumb to this disease each year. Early detection of breast cancer by routine mammographic screening of women without clinical signs or symptoms facilitates earlier treatment and has enhanced survival. As pointed out by Dr.

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  • This report of the proceedings of a symposium held in conjunction with the release of the IOM report, From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition, represents an effort on the part of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship (NCCS), and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to further disseminate the findings and recommendations of the IOM report and to take the next step toward implementation of those recommendations.

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  • A- U TUYẾN GIÁP LÀ GÌ? Tuyến giáp nằm ở trước cổ, dưới đáy của họng. U tuyến giáp có thể là những khối tân sinh lành tính (không ung thư) hoặc ác tính (ung thư). Ví dụ điển hình của u lành tính là các u tuyến (adenomas), sản xuất ra hocmon tuyến giáp. U ác tính hiếm gặp hơn và thường gặp ở nữ nhiều hơn nam. Theo Hiệp Hội Ung Thư Mỹ (American Cancer Society=ACS), khoảng 22.000 trường hợp ung thư tuyến giáp được chẩn đoán ở Mỹ mỗi năm.

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