Whether or not investing in SRI funds carries a price in terms of a reduced financial
performance is an essential question for those investors who are concerned about the ethical
consequences of their investments and, at the same time, want to obtain an adequate financial
return from those investments. Previous research on socially responsible investment (SRI)
mutual funds has, thus, focused on comparing the financial performance of SRI and
conventional funds. In this paper, we make four main contributions to the debate on the financial
performance of SRI funds.
As can be seen from this table, measures on SEF compliment other measures and could
amplify their impact too. The impact of the various measures together is likely to be stronger
than their impact individual. Notably, measures by the EIF to provide seed finance via fund
of fund structures to funds targeting social business could strongly complement steps to
create a EU framework for such funds, by increasing investments into such funds.
Many of the core functions of audit committees set out in this guidance
are expressed in terms of ‘oversight’, ‘assessment’ and ‘review’ of a
particular function. It is not the duty of audit committees to carry out
functions that properly belong to others, such as the company’s
management in the preparation of the financial statements or the
auditors in the planning or conducting of audits. To do so could
undermine the responsibility of management and auditors.
contributions brought by our approach are threefold. First, we account for luck by measuring
the proportion of lucky funds at different significant levels. Second, we examine
how the F DR varies as the significant level rises. This indicates whether funds with
genuine differential performance are concentrated or more dispersed in the tails of the
cross-sectional alpha distribution. Third, we provide explicit estimates of the proportion
of funds in the population which have truly positive and negative alphas (as opposed to
In a more challenging, mature, and increasingly transparent market, this is
unlikely to continue to be the case as it is increasingly possible to assembl
performance records. Investors are becoming more assertive, and
regulations/directives are playing an increasingly important role in the
need for disclosure and accountability. The question of how manager
performance is rewarded is therefore a key issue for the industry: do
performance-related fees, for example, adequately distinguish between
risk taking (higher beta) and genuine skill/out-performance (alpha)? ...
The matrices that follow are designed as guidelines to assist readers in setting their own bench-
mark requirements for SIEM system testing. While this is a benchmark checklist, readers must
remember that benchmarking, itself, is governed by variables speciﬁc to each organization. For
a real-life example, consider an article in eSecurity Planet, in which Aurora Health in Michigan
estimated that they produced 5,000–10,000 EPS, depending upon the time of day.
that means during the normal ebb and ﬂow of network trafﬁc.
In language learning, the use of strategies “has been observed to produce a positive effect on
student achievement” (Flaitz & Feiten, 1996, pp.211). The term learner strategies refers to
“language learning behaviors learners actually engage in to learn and regulate the learning of
a second language” (Wenden, 1987, p.6), and also refers to what learners know about the
strategies they use and what they know about other aspects of their language learning
While 23% said social media did give them some ability to monitor what was being said, only 9% said
that the ability to measure the frequency of discussion about the organization was a current benefit and
only 18% said they were able to identify positive and negative comments.
In short, many organizations’ activities seem more focused on “making noise” about their company and
products, and less on understanding and participating in the conversations already going on about them
on the Web.
Maintaining a close policy dialogue with the partner
government is a central feature of both Budgetary Aid
and Sector Programmes. The key point being that
these aid modalities achieve their objectives by
adopting governments’ policies, budget systems and
service delivery structures. Consistent dialogue –
supported sometimes by external audits and reviews –
represents the main vehicle for monitoring the
effectiveness of government systems and ensuring
that they are continuously improved.
Documents will be filed and controlled in accordance with the project Document Control Plan
(Appendix D). All documents will be maintained for the duration of the contract and organized,
indexed, and delivered to WSDOT upon Final Owner Acceptance (FOA), as well as within five
business days of receipt of a request from WSDOT.
Files will be maintained in an organized and controlled manner at the Design-Builder’s project
office, and the QO field office.
Witasek's own explanation of what he calls the phantasy- modification is formulated in terms
of the Meinongian theory of judgments and assumptions. Every non-modified presentation is
bound up with a moment of conviction in the existence of its object (that is with a disposition to
make judgments of a certain sort). In a modified presentation this moment is cancelled.
The database community has insulated itself from the information
retrieval community, and has largely eschewed dealing with
messy data types like time and space (not everyone has, just most
of us.) We had our hands full dealing with the “simple stuff” of
numbers, strings, and relational operators on them. But, real ap-
plications have massive amounts of text data, have temporal prop-
erties, and have spatial properties.
The DBMS extensibility offered by integrating languages with the
DBMS makes it relatively easy to add data types...
The sample topic below is similar to the topic students will be assigned in the Essay Section of
the test. The topic is followed by six sample student essays at score points (1-6). Each essay is
followed by comments on the scoring.
Directions: You will have 45 minutes to plan and write an essay on the topic assigned
below. Before you begin writing, read the passage carefully and plan what you will say.
Your essay should be as well organized and as carefully written as you can make it.
“Advertisers frequently use the testimony of a celebrity to...
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Expression-based discovery of candidate ovule development regulators through transcriptional profiling of ovule mutants
River Malewa and River Turasha are the only rivers in the drainage basin. The
Malewa River drains off Sattima, its headwaters reaching up to the highest upland
valleys. It plunges down the Sattima Escarpment onto the Ol Bolossat plain through a
magnificent steep walled gorge, with walls nearly 1,000 feet high, the Malewa ndogo
gorge. The river cuts a deep trench across the Ol Bolossat plain passing very close to
the south end of the lake and separated from it by a divide of very low relief probably
not more than 30 feet. The river turns south and cuts...
The Business Practicum unit will give you invaluable business
experience and two credit points towards your degree, for study
outside the classroom. You will observe and participate in a range of
real world business experiences related to your studies, which is likely
to enhance your employability and prospects for promotion. While
undertaking the practicum placement, on average two days per week
throughout the trimester, you will work with an academic supervisor
to provide guidance and help you link your practical work with the
academic requirements of the unit.
Scratches and stonechips, although insignificant in terms of physical damage, can greatly detract from the
overall looks and the value of almost any car. With a little time and attention to detail most damage of this type
can be repaired with the minimum of cost.
Check that the damage is confined to the paint/primer layer itself, i.e. there is not a shallow dent beneath the
Smooth out the scratched/chipped area with wet/dry abrasive paper 180 grit, finishing with 320 grit until a level
surface is achieved, with a visible "contour" at least 1cm wide showing...
The table in Figure 4 summarizes the models discussed above. These components provide
a starting point for our research. In fact, there are too many to test within the scope of this
project, so some choices must be made. The main consideration is that some properties, such
as complexity, dominance (providing a focal point), and grouping, may lend themselves more
easily to the visualization environment than others. A secondary consideration is the techniques
for manipulating the chosen properties. Section 3 surveys aesthetic techniques that have been
developed in computer graphics....
Secondly, seeking out paid work should always be the choice of women themselves.
Policies adopted by conservative government administrations such as workfare, which
force social assistance recipients into the workforce, ìÖcreate a source of low-wage and
free labour by providing subsidies to the private sector and forcing recipients to volunteer
in exchange for assistanceî.
These polices are based on a distrust of those living in
poverty, and do not empower, but malign people into working for pay.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Whole blood transcriptional profiling in ankylosing spondylitis identifies novel candidate genes that might contribute to the inflammatory and tissue-destructive disease aspects...