The topic discussed in this chapter is making capital investment decisions. In this chapter, you will learn: Understand how to determine the relevant cash flows for a proposed investment, understand how to analyse a project’s projected cash flows, understand how to evaluate an estimated NPV.
After studying this chapter you will be able to: Explain the time value of money concept and apply it to capital investment decisions, determine the present value of future cash flows, determine and interpret the net present value of an investment opportunity, determine and interpret the internal rate of return of an investment opportunity,...
Corporate financial managers continually invest funds in assets, and these assets produce income and cash flows that the firm can then either reinvest in more assets or distribute to the owners
of the firm. Capital investment refers to the firm’s investment in assets, and these investments may be either short term or long term in nature. Capital budgeting decisions involve the long-term commitment
of a firm’s scarce resources in capital investments. When such a decision is made, the firm is committed to a current and possibly future outlay of funds....
In the wake of the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression,
many investors are wondering how they can get attractive returns
while still being able to sleep at night. This book shows you how, using
investments that generate income.
You might ask what this means. Isn’t the goal of all investments to
generate income? Actually, there are two ways you can profit in the
financial markets. One way is to buy low and sell higher (hopefully),
thereby generating capital gains.
Although the triggering market events occurred over the two years at the beginning of our review period,
direct support continued in later years as well. In some of these instances, fund sponsors delayed direct
support by putting in place multi-year guarantees.
Mutual funds are one of the several options
that investors explore for investing surplus
funds. In a deposit-dominated market like
India it is important for mutual funds to
be able to offer differentiated risk-rewards
and gain shelf-space. With many seemingly
similar offerings from multiple mutual
funds unable to clearly communicate their
superiority, a less informed investor may find
it difficult to make a choice. This uncertainty
leads to a weakened ‘pull’ for the product.
Human Capital Investments and Interregional Wage Differences in a Southeast Asian Country Point estimates
of the choice-peer group interaction are almost uniformly negative, suggesting that
effectiveness sorting is less complete in high-choice than in low-choice markets. These
estimates are imprecise, however, and most cannot reject a zero effect.
HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT BY PRIVATE EMPLOYERS IN BLAIR COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, AS MEASURED A one standard deviation (0.28) increase in the choice index corresponds
with a reduction in mean scores of only about four points, about one-eighth of an MSA-level
standard deviation. Moreover, in some alternative specifications not reported here, the
coefficient estimate is statistically insignificant, though still negative.
With the immense increase in wealth in the United States during the last decade and its more general
distribution, the problem of investment has assumed correspondingly greater importance. As long as the
average business man was an habitual borrower of money and possest no private fortune outside of his interest
in his business, he was not greatly concerned with investment problems. The surplus wealth of the country for
a long time was in the hands of financial institutions and a few wealthy capitalists.
After studying this chapter, you should understand: How to determine the relevant cash flows for a proposed project, how to determine if a project is acceptable, how to set a bid price for a project, how to evaluate the equivalent annual cost of a project.
After studying chapter 14, you should be able to: Define the “riskiness” of a capital investment project; understand how cash-flow riskiness for a particular period is measured, including the concepts of expected value, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation; describe methods for assessing total project risk, including a probability approach and a simulation approach.
Chapter 12 - Strategy and the analysis of capital investments. In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Explain the strategic role of capital-investment analysis, describe how accountants can add value to the capital- budgeting process, provide a general model for determining relevant cash flows associated with capital-expenditure projects, apply discounted cash flow (DCF) decision models for capital-budgeting purposes,…
Chapter 25 - Capital budgeting. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Explain the nature of capital investment decisions; identify nonfinancial factors in capital investment decisions; evaluate capital investment proposals using (a) payback period, (b) return on investment, and (c) discounted cash flows; discuss the relationship between net present value and an investor's required rate of return;...
I read the first edition of this book early in 1950, when I was nine-
teen. I thought then that it was by far the best book about investing
ever written. I still think it is.
To invest successfully over a lifetime does not require a strato-
spheric IQ, unusual business insights, or inside information.
What’s needed is a sound intellectual framework for making deci-
sions and the ability to keep emotions from corroding that frame-...
Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology
transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through
corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other
hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic,
though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region
in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating
increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.
This paper documents evidence of business cycle synchronization in selected Asia Pacific countries in the 1990s. We explain business cycle synchronization by the channel of international capital flows. Using the VAR method, we find that most Asian countries experience boom-bust cycles following capital inflows, where the boom in output is mostly driven by consumption and investment. Empirical evidence shows that capital flows in the region are highly correlated, which supports the conclusion that capital market liberalization has contributed to business cycle synchronization in Asia.
Welcome to Real Estate Investing For Dummies, 2nd Edition! We’re
delighted to be your tour guides. Throughout this book, we emphasize
three fundamental cornerstones that we believe to be true:
✓ Real estate is one of the three time-tested ways for people of varied economic
means to build wealth (the others are stocks and small business).
Over the long-term (decades), you should be able to make an annualized
return of at least 8 to 10 percent per year investing in real estate.
The main ideas in this book trace their intellectual lineage to
Benjamin Graham, whom I never knew but must thank posthumously,
and Warren Buffett, whom I have the great fortune to
know and from whose writings, talks, and conversations I have
gained knowledge and insight. Neither of these men, of course, has
any responsibility for this book’s content and no doubt would disagree
with some of what it says, though it is written as a narrative
interpretation of principles they developed, to which it tries to be
The role of interest rate in the determination of investment and, hence economic
growth, has been a matter of controversy over a long period of time. Yet, what constitutes an
appropriate interest rate policy still remains to be a puzzling question. Until the early 1970s,
the main line of argument was that because the interest rate represents the cost of capital, low
interest rates will encourage the acquisition of physical capital (investment) and promotes
economic growth. Thus, during that era, the policy of low real interest rate was adopted by ...
Chapter 1 introduces the concept of capital budgeting, and sets out the structure of the book.
The important points are:
Capital budgeting is the most significant financial activity of the firm.
Capital budgeting determines the core activities of the firm over a long term future.
Capital budgeting decisions must be made carefully and rationally.