The topic discussed in this chapter is making capital investment decisions. In this chapter, you will learn: Understand how to determine the relevant cash flows for a proposed investment, understand how to analyse a project’s projected cash flows, understand how to evaluate an estimated NPV.
The learning objectives for this chapter include: Describe the two types of capital investment decisions with which managers may be faced: accept or reject decisions, capital-rationing decisions; describe the method of calculation of non-discounting models: payback period, accounting rate of return; explain the advantages and limitations of non-discounting models;...
In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Explain the strategic role of capital-investment analysis, describe how accountants can add value to the capital- budgeting process, provide a general model for determining relevant cash flows associated with capital-expenditure projects, apply discounted cash flow (DCF) decision models for capital-budgeting purposes,…
Corporate financial managers continually invest funds in assets, and these assets produce income and cash flows that the firm can then either reinvest in more assets or distribute to the owners
of the firm. Capital investment refers to the firm’s investment in assets, and these investments may be either short term or long term in nature. Capital budgeting decisions involve the long-term commitment
of a firm’s scarce resources in capital investments. When such a decision is made, the firm is committed to a current and possibly future outlay of funds....
In the wake of the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression,
many investors are wondering how they can get attractive returns
while still being able to sleep at night. This book shows you how, using
investments that generate income.
You might ask what this means. Isn’t the goal of all investments to
generate income? Actually, there are two ways you can profit in the
financial markets. One way is to buy low and sell higher (hopefully),
thereby generating capital gains.
Although the triggering market events occurred over the two years at the beginning of our review period,
direct support continued in later years as well. In some of these instances, fund sponsors delayed direct
support by putting in place multi-year guarantees.
Mutual funds are one of the several options
that investors explore for investing surplus
funds. In a deposit-dominated market like
India it is important for mutual funds to
be able to offer differentiated risk-rewards
and gain shelf-space. With many seemingly
similar offerings from multiple mutual
funds unable to clearly communicate their
superiority, a less informed investor may find
it difficult to make a choice. This uncertainty
leads to a weakened ‘pull’ for the product.
Human Capital Investments and Interregional Wage Differences in a Southeast Asian Country Point estimates
of the choice-peer group interaction are almost uniformly negative, suggesting that
effectiveness sorting is less complete in high-choice than in low-choice markets. These
estimates are imprecise, however, and most cannot reject a zero effect.
HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT BY PRIVATE EMPLOYERS IN BLAIR COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, AS MEASURED A one standard deviation (0.28) increase in the choice index corresponds
with a reduction in mean scores of only about four points, about one-eighth of an MSA-level
standard deviation. Moreover, in some alternative specifications not reported here, the
coefficient estimate is statistically insignificant, though still negative.
With the immense increase in wealth in the United States during the last decade and its more general
distribution, the problem of investment has assumed correspondingly greater importance. As long as the
average business man was an habitual borrower of money and possest no private fortune outside of his interest
in his business, he was not greatly concerned with investment problems. The surplus wealth of the country for
a long time was in the hands of financial institutions and a few wealthy capitalists.
After studying this chapter, you should understand: How to determine the relevant cash flows for a proposed project, how to determine if a project is acceptable, how to set a bid price for a project, how to evaluate the equivalent annual cost of a project.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Managerial accounting" has contents: Tactical decision making, capital investment decisions, inventory management, lean accounting, target costing, and the balanced scorecard, international issues in management accounting, environmental cost management,...and other contents.
After studying chapter 14, you should be able to: Define the “riskiness” of a capital investment project; understand how cash-flow riskiness for a particular period is measured, including the concepts of expected value, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation; describe methods for assessing total project risk, including a probability approach and a simulation approach.
Chapter 25 - Capital budgeting. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Explain the nature of capital investment decisions; identify nonfinancial factors in capital investment decisions; evaluate capital investment proposals using (a) payback period, (b) return on investment, and (c) discounted cash flows; discuss the relationship between net present value and an investor's required rate of return;...
Lecture Fundamental accounting principles - Chapter 25: Capital budgeting and managerial decisions. This chapter describe the importance of relevant costs for short-term decisions, evaluate short-term managerial decisions using relevant costs, analyze a capital investment project using break-even time, compute payback period and describe its use.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Management accounting" has contents: What is management accounting, classification of costs, materials and labour costs, overhead costs, absorption costing and marginal costing, process costing, short-term decision making, capital investment appraisal,...and other contents.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Survey of accounting" has contents: An Introduction to managerial accounting, relevant information for special decisions, planning for capital investments, performance evaluation, planning for profit and cost control, relevant information for special decisions,...and other contents.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Corporate finance" has contents: Introduction to corporate finance, financial statements and cash flow, financial statements analysis and financial models, discounted cash flow valuation, net present value and other investment rules, making capital investment decisions,...and other contents.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Financial and management accounting an introduction" has contents: Reporting corporate performance, reporting corporate performance, classification of costs, functions of management accounting, preparing a budget, standard costs, capital investment appraisal,...and other contents.