This paper studies the impact of written language variations and the way it affects the capitalization task over time. A discriminative approach, based on maximum entropy models, is proposed to perform capitalization, taking the language changes into consideration. The proposed method makes it possible to use large corpora for training. The evaluation is performed over newspaper corpora using different testing periods. The achieved results reveal a strong relation between the capitalization performance and the elapsed time between the training and testing data periods. ...
Professional English in Use Finance is suitable for intermediate students and above. It includes 50 units covering all aspects of financial vocabulary from Accounting to Borrowing and Lending, Central Banking to Venture Capital and many more areas including financial idioms and metaphors. Primarily designed as a self-study reference and practice book, it can also be used for classroom work and one-to-one lessons. This book is a must for both trainers and learners of ESP and Business English who need to use English in a financial environment.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed
as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark
claim, the designations have been printed with initial capital letters or in all capitals.
The author and publisher have taken care in the preparation of this book, but make no expressed or
implied warranty of any kind and assume no responsibility for errors or omissions.
Suitable as a supplement or primary text, FAME integrates corporate finance with spreadsheet analysis using Excel. It is ideal for courses in financial management, financial models, capital budgeting, or case courses. This edition is updated for Excel 2000 as well as new topics in finance.
This paper documents evidence of business cycle synchronization in selected Asia Pacific countries in the 1990s. We explain business cycle synchronization by the channel of international capital flows. Using the VAR method, we find that most Asian countries experience boom-bust cycles following capital inflows, where the boom in output is mostly driven by consumption and investment. Empirical evidence shows that capital flows in the region are highly correlated, which supports the conclusion that capital market liberalization has contributed to business cycle synchronization in Asia.
The aim of this book is to provide an understanding of how to
analyse and assess the performance of a company from the information
provided about it.
Financial analysis is as much an art as it is a science. Combine any
two figures from an annual report and a ratio is produced; the real skill
is in deciding which figures to use, where to find them and how to judge
UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY YOUTH SUBSTANCE USE AND HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION In this chapter, I use data on school assignments and outcomes of students across
schools within different metropolitan housing markets to assess parents revealed
preferences. To preview the results, I find little evidence that parents use Tiebout choice to
select effective schools over those with desirable peers, or that schools are on average more
effective in markets that offer more choice.
One issue with using portfolio holdings to evaluate fund performance
is that the disclosed data reveal information about the major equity
positions at particular dates but do not indicate the exact purchase
and sale dates. As a result, the exact holding period of securities is
unknown. Furthermore, some funds may window-dress their portfolios
to hide their actual investment strategy from their investors or from
competing funds, as shown byMeier and Schaumburg (2004).
This monograph emerged from our efforts to study the behavior of the
households from the Townsend Thai Monthly Survey. This experience
convinced us that imposing an accounting framework and creating
financial statements would be a useful, indeed a necessary, first step
for the analysis of household finance, especially from high-frequency,
Any book appearing in the midst of a severe recession discussing the use of sports
and culture to rebuild cities might seem to be either irrelevant or insensitive. Some
could consider it irrelevant because its focus seemingly ignores the quintessential
issue of our day: “How does America restart its economy?” Other people might
consider the book insensitive in that it analyzes sports, culture, and entertainment—
what some might consider frivolous luxuries—at a time when millions of
people have lost their jobs and homes.
After studying this chapter in the lecture, you should be able to: Explain what the cost of capital represents and why it is so important, estimate the cost of equity using the dividend growth model approach and the security market line approach, estimate the cost of debt and the cost of preferred stock, understand when it is appropriate and to use the WACC as a measure of the firm's required rate of return,...
The advent of the Internet, digital connectivity, the explosion and use of e -commerce and e-
business models in the private sector are pressuring the public sector to rethink hierarchical,
bureaucratic organizational models. Customers, citizens and businesses are faced every day
with new innovative e -business and e -commerce models implemented by the private sector
and made possible by ICT tools and applications, are requiring the same from governmental
Printed in the United States of America Berrett-Koehler books are printed on long-lasting acid-free paper. When it is available, we choose paper that has been manufactured by environmentally responsible processes. These may include using trees grown in sustainable forests, incorporating recycled paper, minimizing chlorine in bleaching,
SQL injection vulnerabilities have been described as one of the
most serious threats for Web applications [3, 11]. Web applica-
tions that are vulnerable to SQL injection may allow an attacker to
gain complete access to their underlying databases. Because these
databases often contain sensitive consumer or user information, the
resulting security violations can include identity theft, loss of con-
ﬁdential information, and fraud. In some cases, attackers can even
use an SQL injection vulnerability to take control of and corrupt the
system that hosts the Web application.
In this paper we present an approach to the disambiguation of capitalized words when they are used in the positions where capitalization is expected, such as the first word in a sentence or after a period, quotes, etc.. Such words can act as proper names or can be just capitalized variants of common words. T h e main feature of our approach is that it uses a minimum of prebuilt resources and tries to dynamically infer the disambiguation clues from the entire document.
The term capital budgeting is used to describe how managers plan significant cash outlays on projects that have long-term implications, such as the purchase of new equipment and the introduction of new products. This chapter describes several tools that can be used by managers to help make these types of investment decisions.
After studying chapter 12, you should be able to: Define “capital budgeting” and identify the steps involved in the capital budgeting process, explain the procedure used to generate longterm project proposals within the firm, justify why cash, not income, flows are the most relevant to capital budgeting decisions,...
Lecture Fundamental accounting principles - Chapter 25: Capital budgeting and managerial decisions. This chapter describe the importance of relevant costs for short-term decisions, evaluate short-term managerial decisions using relevant costs, analyze a capital investment project using break-even time, compute payback period and describe its use.
Chapter 12 "Planning investments: Capital budgeting". In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Explain the concept of and calculate a company cost of capital, use NPV analysis to make investment decisions for a not-for-profit entity, use NPV analysis to make investment decisions assuming uniform depreciation, use NPV analysis to make investment decisions assuming tax depreciation.
Chapter 17 - Capital market efficiency. On completion of this chapter students will know how to: Understand the concept of market efficiency, distinguish between different categories of market efficiency, understand the methods used to test for market efficiency, understand the major trends in tests of market efficiency that have uncovered evidence that is "anomalous" from a market efficiency viewpoint,...