Intel Capital Một số doanh nghiệp có lẽ vẫn chưa quen với việc thu hút nguồn vốn từ các định chế tài chính để phát triển kinh doanh. Các kế hoạch mở rộng kinh doanh thông thường bị lệ thuộc vào các khoản đầu tư mang tính chất cá nhân từ những nhà sáng lập công ty, bạn bè, gia đình, và thỉnh thoảng từ ngân hàng hoặc chính phủ.
Corporate financial managers continually invest funds in assets, and these assets produce income and cash flows that the firm can then either reinvest in more assets or distribute to the owners
of the firm. Capital investment refers to the firm’s investment in assets, and these investments may be either short term or long term in nature. Capital budgeting decisions involve the long-term commitment
of a firm’s scarce resources in capital investments. When such a decision is made, the firm is committed to a current and possibly future outlay of funds....
The empirical relationship between capital controls and the financial development of credit and equity markets is examined. We extend the literature on this subject along a number of dimensions.Specifically, we
(1) investigate a substantially broader set of proxy measures of financial development;
(2) create and utilize a new index based on the IMF measures of exchange restrictions that incorporates a measure of the intensity of capital controls; and (3) extend the previous literature by systematically examining the implications of institutional (legal) factors.
This paper documents evidence of business cycle synchronization in selected Asia Pacific countries in the 1990s. We explain business cycle synchronization by the channel of international capital flows. Using the VAR method, we find that most Asian countries experience boom-bust cycles following capital inflows, where the boom in output is mostly driven by consumption and investment. Empirical evidence shows that capital flows in the region are highly correlated, which supports the conclusion that capital market liberalization has contributed to business cycle synchronization in Asia.
The strong recovery in net private capital flows to emerging markets that began in 2003 has continued this year. Although a moderation in the pace of flows is anticipated in the next several quarters, the overall level envisaged for 2006 remains relatively elevated. Downside risks have increased, however, in the face of rising concerns and unease about a potentially less hospitable global economic environment going forward.
In a decentralized-decisions economy under uncertainty, the financial system can be seen as
the complex of institutions, infrastructure, and instruments that the society adopts to minimize the
costs of transacting promises under agents’ incomplete trust and limited information. Building on a
microeconomic, general equilibrium model that portrays such fundamental function of finance, this
study analytically shows that, in line with recent empirical evidence, the development of financial
infrastructure stimulates larger and more efficient capital industrial accumulation.
Chapter 1 introduces the concept of capital budgeting, and sets out the structure of the book.
The important points are:
Capital budgeting is the most significant financial activity of the firm.
Capital budgeting determines the core activities of the firm over a long term future.
Capital budgeting decisions must be made carefully and rationally.
In one way or another, business activity must be financed. Without finance to support
their fixed assets and working capital requirements, businesses could not exist. There are
three primary sources of finance for companies:
● a cash surplus from operating activities
● new equity funding
● borrowing from bank and non-bank sources. Non-bank sources are mainly investors in
the capital markets who subscribe for bonds and other securities issued by companies.
This report releases the findings of a project undertaken with Delegates of Working
Party No. 2 of the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs, investigating policy
considerations in the tax treatment of capital gains of individuals and alternative design
features of capital gains tax provisions, with a focus on the ‘pure domestic’ case (capital
gains/losses of resident taxpayers on domestic assets).
Bài giảng Chapter 10: The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows provides about Overview and “vocabulary”, Methods (Payback, discounted payback; NPV; IRR, MIRR; Profitability Index), Unequal lives, Economic life.
UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY YOUTH SUBSTANCE USE AND HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION In this chapter, I use data on school assignments and outcomes of students across
schools within different metropolitan housing markets to assess parents revealed
preferences. To preview the results, I find little evidence that parents use Tiebout choice to
select effective schools over those with desirable peers, or that schools are on average more
effective in markets that offer more choice.
The number one concern of start-up entrepreneurs and growing small business
owners and managers is how to finance their venture. When the personal
financial resources of the entrepreneur are exhausted, when the
tradition of going to family and friends for “cradle equity” has been thoroughly
“worked,” and when incurring personal debt from a bank for a loan
is no longer a viable option, then raising private capital can be one of the
toughest challenges for many entrepreneurs.
ESSAYS ON TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY AND HUMAN CAPITAL In fact, I do not estimate separate regressions for each MSA, but the general effect is
the same: Unreliability of the peer group measure produces an upward bias in the effect of
choice on the peer group gradient, and therefore in the interaction coefficient 1
Abstract Most finance textbooks present the Weighted Average Cost of Capital WACC calculation as: WACC = Kd×(1-T)×D% + Ke×E% (1) Where Kd is the cost of debt before taxes, T is the tax rate, D% is the percentage of debt on total value, Ke is the cost of equity and E% is the percentage of equity on total value. All of them precise (but not with enough emphasis) that the values to calculate D% y E% are market values. Although they devote special space and thought to calculate Kd and Ke,
To explain the bias in favor of domestic securities known as the “international diversification puzzle,” the
literature has considered many possible irritants of capital movements across national boundaries but the
results remain inconclusive. This paper demonstrates that this complex multivariate problem can be
addressed within an analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-driv en expert system.