Sustainable forest management (SFM) is not a new concept. However, its popularity
has increased in the last few decades because of public concern about the dramatic
decrease in forest resources. SFM is generally implemented using criteria and
indicators (C&I) that define forest management standards, and several countries have
established their own sets of C&I within the framework of different international or
regional processes. Nevertheless, none of the C&I systems have been universally
accepted and future research should consider the current and future indicators....
The value of the UK LCEGS sector was £106.5 billion in 2007/8. In terms of size, this puts the low
carbon and environmental economy somewhere between the UK’s healthcare and construction
The UK is the world’s sixth largest low carbon and environmental economy, with 3.5% of global market
share. As shown in Figure 2, the Environmental sector accounts for £22.3 billion (21%) of total UK
market value, Renewable Energy for £31.
These research teams study for example the impact and mechanisms of greenhouse
gas emissions and atmospheric pollutant on climate, ozone depletion and carbon sinks
(oceans and inland waters, forests and soil). They do research to understand the
mechanisms and assess the impact of global change on the water cycle, water quality
and availability, as well as soil functions and quality to provide the bases for
management tools for sustainable water systems. Biodiversity and ecosystems are
analysed to understand and minimise the negative impacts of human activities.
Forests play a major role in global carbon
(C) cycle, and the carbon density (CD) could reflect
its ecological function of C sequestration. Study on
the CD of different forest types on a community scale
is crucial to characterize in depth the capacity of
forest C sequestration.
Forest ecosystems cover large parts of the terrestrial land surface and are major
components of the terrestrial carbon (C) cycle. Most important, forest ecosystems
accumulate organic compounds with long C residence times in vegetation, detritus
and, in particular, the soil by the process of C sequestration. Trees, the major components
of forests, absorb large amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) by
photosynthesis, and forests return an almost equal amount to the atmosphere by
auto- and heterotrophic respiration.
Many have gone above and beyond the
call of duty to make this special issue
possible. The editorial team at Forced
Migration Review has been the anchor
on which we have all relied. The
authors of the articles and those who
submitted pieces we could not include
deserve special recognition. Their work
was done after-hours, often in the field
during time they did not have. Ricardo
Ernst, my fellow guest editor, has been
an able partner responding with feed-
back from all corners of the globe.
Though the fraction of energy-related CAP emissions for the wood products sector is larger than
the energy-related fraction for pulp and paper, due to the greater energy requirements of the
pulp and paper industry, on a ton-basis energy-related CAP emissions are much larger for the
pulp and paper sector than they are for wood products sector.
Chapter 11 Soil Carbon Accumulation in Old-Growth Forests
An area of 4.1 billion ha land is covered with boreal, temperate and tropical forest, together comprising up to 80% of the terrestrial aboveground carbon and 40% of total soil carbon
Just under a third (31%) of overall activity in this sector is in manufacturing, with the highest levels of
manufacturing in the Wind and Carbon Capture & Storage sectors ‐ the latter a reflection of the
current drive to prove the technology through pilot projects.
Chapter 14 Biomass Chronosequences of United States Forests: Implications for Carbon Storage and Forest Management
Forest Management and Carbon Sequestration
Forests account for a large fraction of the carbon stored in global soils and vegetation (Dixon et al. 1994).
Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)1 is an option to the award-winning
Oracle Database Enterprise Edition. Oracle RAC is a cluster database with a shared
cache architecture that overcomes the limitations of traditional shared-nothing and
shared-disk approaches to provide highly scalable and available database solutions
for all your business applications. Oracle RAC is a key component of Oracle’s
enterprise grid architecture and cloud foundation.
Diamond crystals form deep within the mantle of the earth when carbon is exposed to extreme pressure and
very high temperatures. Volcanic rock formations such as kimberlite or lamproite pipes serve as pathways
that convey the fragments of rocks and crystals from the mantle to the surface (see.Figure.1). The diamonds,
along with vast quantities of magma, are blasted upward in the course of violent eruptions.
Kimberlite pipes, the richest source of mined diamonds, are usually shaped like a carrot and can extend as
deep as 1 to 2 kilometers underground.
Chapter 12Is There a Theoretical Limit to Soil Carbon Storage in Old-Growth Forests? A Model Analysis with Contrasting Approaches
Apart from the intrinsic worth that nature and forests have due merely to their existence, old-growth forests have always provided a number of additional values through their function as regulators of the water cycle
From the epidemiological data (fixed base line increment per 10 µg/m3 PM10 per 1 million inhabitant)
on the one hand and the average exposure level of the population on the other hand, the number of
health outcomes can be determined.
These calculations may be done for the current exposure to particulate matter as well as for a
hypothetical situation without road traffic-related air pollution. The difference between the two results
corresponds to the number of morbidity and mortality cases attributable to road traffic-related air
We measured and tested whether the following variables affect walking (basis:
200m buffer around each child's shortest walking path): number of busy intersections
crossed, intersection and street density, total daily vehicle-miles traveled, average
vehicle speed along the route, population density, and land use (R Wilson, 2008).
Sidewalk coverage data do not exist for Roseville and could not be tested in the model.
We refined the model through systematic testing of independent variables as the differ-
ence in log-likelihood ratios.
Full term infants that are disproportionately small at birth, however, may be the result of
short-term insults in the third trimester, for example, that promote weight and muscle loss but
spare brain and body length (Gould, 1989). These infants may have the ability to catch up in
growth where the environment fulfills health and nutritional needs (Adair, 1999). In
industrialized countries, access to intensive care technology influence an infant’s long-term
prognosis (Dashe et al 2000), although such technology is not available to the majority of
Indonesian women. ...
Paying interest on reserves would seem to be expensive from
the Treasury’s point of view. Interest earnings ordinarily
transferred by a central bank as tax revenue to the Treasury
would be diverted to pay interest on reserves. Moreover, the
payment of interest on reserves would induce banks to enlarge
substantially the quantity of reserves demanded, greatly
enlarging the interest that a central bank would have to pay.
Ouedraogo et al. 2006). Most patients presented with
symptoms suspicious for TB; thus, lack of diagnostic
sensitivity of health workers is of concern (Wandwalo &
Afghanistan has the highest TB burden in south Asia
(World Health Organization 2007). While health services
are expanding and quality improving, gaps in access and
deficient quality of some interventions persist. The Ministry
of Public Health adopted a Basic Package of Health
Services (BPHS) in 2003, which provides standard primary
care services for districts covering 77% of the population.