British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Dickmanns, Ernst Dieter Dynamic vision for perception and control of motion 1. Computer vision - Industrial applications 2. Optical detectors 3. Motor vehicles - Automatic control 4. Adaptive control systems I. Title 629’.046 ISBN-13: 9781846286377 Library of Congress Control Number: 2007922344 ISBN 978-1-84628-637-7 e-ISBN 978-1-84628-638-4 Printed on acid-free paper
Berkhout (2005) argues that the source of pressures on each corner of the Innovation
Triangle differs. Pressure on abatement tends to come from the environmental authori-
ties; pressures on process changes come from competitors and customers; whereas pres-
sures on products come from consumers and pressure groups. Moreover, changes in one
corner of the Innovation Triangle affect changes in both other corners through dynamic
interlinkages (depicted by the arrows in Fig. 2).
Steels are alloys of iron with generally less than 1% carbon plus a wide range of other elements. Some of these elements are added deliberately to impart special properties and others are impurities not completely removed (sometimes deliberately) during the steel making process. Elements may be present in solid solution or combined as intermetallic compounds with iron, carbon or other elements. Some elements, namely carbon, nitrogen, boron and hydrogen, form interstitial solutions with iron whereas others such as manganese and silicon form substitutional solutions. Beyond......
The utility of primer pairs in SCoTs was advocated by Gorji et al. (2011). SCoT
markers are generally reproducible, and it is suggested that primer length and annealing
temperature are not the sole factors determining reproducibility (Gorji et al., 2011). They are
dominant markers, however, while a number of co-dominant markers are also generated
during amplification, and thus they could be used for genetic diversity analysis (Collard &
Mackill, 2009b). This has been validated through study of genetic diversity among rice
varieties (Collard & Mackill, 2009b).
This book is a collection of some of the invited talks presented at the international
meeting held at the Max Planck Institut fiir Physik komplexer Systeme, Dresden,
Germany during August 6-30, 2001, on the rapidly developing field of nanoscale
science and bio-electronics (http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de/~nanobio/).
Semiconductor physics has experienced unprecedented developments over the second
half of the twentieth century. The exponential growth in microelectronic processing
power and the size of dynamic memories has been achieved by significant downscahng
of the minimum feature size.
An IELTS candidate who achieves a score of 7.0 is described as being a ‘good user’ of English,
someone who ‘[h]as operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies,
inappropriacies and misunderstandings in some situations’ (International English Language Testing
System, 2009, p 3). As previously noted, since this research was conducted, DIAC has changed the
points system for the Skilled Independent Residence Visa subclass 885. To gain maximum points for
English language proficiency, candidates now need an Overall score of 8.0, with 8.
Environmental challenges act as a spur to invention and innovation. R&D will continue to be important
as companies and investors seek disruptive technology solutions that can change the economics of,
and rewards from, new environmental products or processes. Significant private and public funds have
already been established, many of which are still investing despite the current economic slowdown.
The short‐term challenge is to ensure that these funds continue to flow and to sustain future growth.
Although farmers do not receive any support from society for the contribution of the dehesa
to welfare of society and the environment, they still conserve, prune and reforest oaks to
maintain fruit production to feed and fatten Iberian pigs during the montanera or pannage.
The ability of the Iberian pig breed to feed on acorns is a key feature in maintaining the
First among the threats to forest biodiversity identified by BirdLife
International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (FIPI) is hunting,
because of the value and rarity of the game, followed by firewood and other non-
timber forest product (NTFP) collection, timber cutting, forest fires (including
human-made as part of scrap metal collection) and clearance of forest land for
agriculture (Le Trong Trai et al. 2001). But the threats are usually specific to each
site, and detailed information is needed for each location, as we did in Khe Tran.
This publication deals with mathematical modelling, dynamical process characteristics and properties. The intended audience of this book includes graduate students but can be of interest of practising engineers or applied scientists that are interested in modelling, identiﬁcation, and process control. s Prepared under the project TEMPUS, S JEP-11366-96, FLACE – STU Bratislava, TU Koˇice, ˇ ˇ UMB Bansk´ Bystrica, ZU Zilina
Over the next 10 years, federal spending on crop insurance is projected to outpace spending on
traditional commodity programs by about one-third, which might capture the attention of budget
cutters looking for potential sources of savings. Insurance companies, farm groups, and some
members of Congress are concerned that additional reductions in federal support will negatively
impact the financial health of the crop insurance industry and possibly jeopardize the delivery of
Under free ranging conditions, the frequency of drinking water by camel depends on a
number of factors such as the ambient temperature, the water content of the feed and the
physiological status of the animal. Lactating females obviously require more water than
dry cows, bulls or castrates. It is said that throughout the winter period, camels may not
have access to free water. There is an historial record held by camels in Sudan where it
was noted 86 years ago that a large herd of camels at a well on May 11, 1917 were
drinking free water for the...
People use social media for a number of reasons: communicating, collaborating, seeking expert advice,
sharing multimedia, presenting opinions, sharing reviews and for entertainment.
Many claim that social media brings a new sense of community by allowing people to connect with others
who are similar to themselves. While this might involve reconnecting with long lost friends from childhood
or former coworkers, it is also used to meet new friends who have similar interests.
An increasing number of people are using social media in their buying decisions.
Because of its large size, it is important to account for the net position in interest-rate
derivatives when measuring exposure. The key diﬃculty in measuring the exposure in
interest-rate derivatives is that banks do not report the sign of their position — whether
they represent bets on interest rate increases (e.g., pay-ﬁxed swaps) or decreases (e.g.,
Chapter 8 Woody Detritus Mass and its Contribution to Carbon Dynamics of Old-Growth Forests: the Temporal Context
Mark E. Harmon
Woody detritus is an important component of forested ecosystems. It can reduce erosion and affects soil development, stores nutrients and water
In later eras, new materials have been closely associated with radical change. The development of
paper was as important as the printing press in revolutionising communications. The introduction
of gunpowder into Europe transformed warfare. In more modern times, gas lighting only became
demonstrably superior to oil and candles with the introduction of the gas mantle, composed of
novel materials such as thorium and cerium oxides. A hundred years ago electric filament lamps
were made possible by other novel and fairly unusual materials, osmium and tungsten.
Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science is
part of an evolving body of work being conducted by scientists and research
sponsors interested in ensuring the quality control of oceanographic
data. Chemical data collected during ongoing and future global
oceanographic studies and time-series efforts must be comparable over
time and among laboratories.
We develop and implement a framework in which prior views and empirical evidence
about pricing models and managerial skill can be incorporated formally into the invest-
ment decision. Our framework relies on a set of passive indexes or \assets," consisting of
nonbenchmark assets as well as the benchmark assets prescribed by a pricing model. A
common interpretation of alpha, the intercept in a regression of the fund's excess return on
the benchmarks, is that it represents the skill of the fund's manager in selecting mispriced
It was during the Depression that hospitals band-
ed together to offer prepaid coverage to citizens.
Prepaid hospital coverage was a way for hospitals to
avoid the financial failure that befell the banking
industry. The approach worked so well that doctors
followed suit a few years later and Blue Cross Blue
Shield organizations were born. Little did anyone
know that the seeds for runaway costs eighty years
later had been planted.
Prepaid, employer-provided insurance quickly
dominated the health care landscape.
Sustainability is a powerful buzzword for good reason. It is strongly connected to notions
such as endurance, flexibility, quality and alternative thinking – all of which are increasingly
emerging as building blocks of financially successful enterprise. And real estate that has
incorporated these aspects clearly is increasingly acquiring a competitive advantage over
other product in the market. Sustainability then, as far as real estate is concerned, is about the
more durable processes and practices of the humans that interact with the property.