Carbon isotopes

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài: The successional status of tropical rainforest tree species is associated with differences in leaf carbon isotope discrimination and functional traits...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài: Variability of initial growth, water-use efficiency and carbon isotope discrimination in seedlings of Faidherbia albida (Del.) A. Chev., a multipurpose tree of semi-arid Africa. Provenance and drought effects...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp quốc tế đề tài: "Growth, gas exchange and carbon isotope discrimination in young Prunus avium trees growing with or without individual lateral shelters...

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  • In this, the second volume of the two-volume review of carbonates in continental settings, we continue our survey of the important aspects of their formation and utilisation.Whereas the first volume emphasised the formation of carbonate sediments, covering the depositional settings, facies and sedimentological processes; this second volume examines the geochemistry, diagenesis, sequence stratigraphy of these deposits, along with some of the practical applications. The geochemistry of continental carbonates is discussed in depth in Chapter 1.

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  • References: Sources of Illustrations Figures for: Relationship among osmotic, matric, and combined soil water potential; Volume of solids, water, and air in a loam soil at saturation, Þeld capacity, and wilting point. Adapted from Brady, N.C. and Weil, R.R. 1996. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. Figure for: Stable carbon isotope ratios. Adapted from Boutton, T.W. 1991. Stable Carbon Isotope Ratios of Natural Materials: II. Atmospheric, Terrestrial, Marine, and Freshwater Environments. In D.C. Coleman and B. Fry (Eds.

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  • established in the earliest history of the planet or as the result of a continuing supply of water and the constituents of sea water by degassing from the Earth’s interior. In 1951 W.W. Rubey, in his Presidential Address to the Geological Society of America, took the latter point of view. His arguments were colored by the knowledge available at that time of the age of the Earth and the age of the oldest rocks. Based on the analysis of lead isotopes in galenas, it was determined in the late 1940s that the Earth was about 3.2 billion years old.

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  • Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science is part of an evolving body of work being conducted by scientists and research sponsors interested in ensuring the quality control of oceanographic data. Chemical data collected during ongoing and future global oceanographic studies and time-series efforts must be comparable over time and among laboratories.

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  • Another critical barrier to access is discrimination by state laws or fertility clinics. Coverage in five of the states with insurance mandates 12 is only available to married couples, and four of these states 13 mandate use of the husband’s sperm, eliminating the possibility of donor sperm. Some fertility clinics only offer services to married couples as well. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine reports that fertility clinics vary in their willingness to treat single women, single men, lesbian couples, and gay male couples.

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  • Ocean research offers countless benefits, from improving fisheries management to discovering new drugs to enabling early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes.

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  • The cometabolism of citrate and glucose by growing Lactococcus lactisssp. lactis bv. diacetylactis was studied using a natural-abundance stable isotope technique. By a judicious choice of substrates differing slightly in their 13 C/ 12 C ratios, the simultaneous metabolism of citrate and glucose to a range of compounds was analysed. These end-products include lactate, acetate, formate, diacetyl and acetoin. All these products have pyruvate as a common intermediate.

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  • The abundance of the doubly substituted CO2 isotopologue, 13C18O16O, in CO2 produced by phosphoric acid digestion of synthetic, inorganic calcite and natural, biogenic aragonite is proportional to the concentration of 13C–18O bonds in reactant carbonate, and the concentration of these bonds is a function of the temperature of carbonate growth. This proportionality can be described between 1 and 50 C by the function: D47 = 0.0592 Æ 106 Æ T2  0.

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  • This book explores the diversity of topics related to radiometric dating, with particular emphasis on the method of radiocarbon dating and a cross-check of its results with luminescence measurements. Chemistry and the global carbon cycle is an essential element of life on Earth, because carbon is a component of every living cell, plants and animals. The radioactive isotope 14C was found useful for dating, for which in 1960 Willard Frank Libby received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

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  • CHAPTER FOUR A global overview of sediment patterns and accumulation rates, and carbon, strontium, and neodymium isotopes confirms that increasing rates of subsidence and uplift accompanied the dramatic radiation of animal life through the NeoproterozoicCambrian interval.

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  • Near-Surface Geochemistry – Near-surface geochemistry methods can be used to detect shortterm rapid loss or long-term intermittent leakage of CO2 from GS formations. These techniques are routinely employed in the environmental consulting industry and include monitoring soil gas and shallow groundwater. In general, both consist of purging the monitoring point and collecting a sample, followed by analysis and interpretation. Soil gas can be collected with sorbents, sample tubes, or Tedlar bags, depending on the compounds expected and the detection level.

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