Sơ lược về thị trường Carbon, thị trường Carbon thế giới. Thực trạng phát triển của thị trường Carbon Việt Nam. Thị trường Carbon là gì? Nghị định thư Kyoto, cơ chế giao dịch và các loại hàng hóa, các thị trường giao dịch EU ETS – Hợp đồng quyền xả thải CO2 của EU.
Traditional Supply Chain Management (SCM) aims at movement of goods and services from one end of
this chain to the other through different stages so as to improve the efficiency, productivity and profitability
of the entire process. As SCM spans across the economic functions of the entire value chain of
a product or service, it is vital for a company to join in, form, or coordinate its business related supply
chains, forming various kinds of business relationships.
The extraordinary mechanical properties and unique electrical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)
have stimulated extensive research activities across the world since their discovery by Sumio Iijima of the
NEC Corporation in the early 1990s. Although early research focused on growth and characterization,
these interesting properties have led to an increase in the number of investigations focused on application
development in the past 5 years.
Bonds will play a crucial role in financing the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy. Investor interest in the asset class is growing, but what is the current investment opportunity already out there?
This report, commissioned by the HSBC Climate Change Centre of Excellence and prepared by the Climate Bonds Initiative, presents a first estimate of the outstanding global bond market size linked to key climate change themes, and examines future drivers and trends in the short term.
Beyond TMT, we find no systematic increase in the importance of industry effects.
Instead, we observe that the ratio of industry to country effects follows a U-shape pattern
from the mid-1980s to the late-1990s, a cyclical pattern whereby global industry effects
become temporarily more important in relative and absolute terms around periods of stock
market distress, such as October 1987 and March 2000. We view this cyclical pattern as
further evidence that the recent increase in industry effects is temporary....
Against this background, we make several advances over the literature. We construct
a new dataset that covers virtually the entire global stock market in capitalization terms and
find—for this more comprehensive dataset—that industry effects have gone from less than
half as important as country effects in the mid-1990s to almost twice as important in recent
years. This shift is primarily driven by a dramatic rise in magnitude of industry effects, with
country effects roughly stable since the mid-1990s.
Support to the mitigation of effects of CC and adaptation to new realities. Support to mitigation of GHG emissions. Support to developing carbon markets. Support to research, data collection and analysis. Support to development of national policies, strategies, plans. Support to national-international coordination, policy dialogue, ODA channeling
industry spending, analysis of the economic impacts of this activity, and
projections of future drilling, natural gas production, and related economic impacts (Considine,
et al., 2009, 2010). Unlike the previous studies, however, this report estimates the impact
Marcellus production has on prices for natural gas and expenditures for natural gas and
electricity in Pennsylvania. This report also presents an analysis of labor market and sales tax
data that affirms the economic stimulus provided by the Marcellus industry.
The environmental goods and services (EGS) sector has traditionally included solutions for problems
such as air, noise and marine pollution, land and water contamination, as well as activities such as
environmental analysis and consultancy and waste management and recycling. However more
recently, the definition of this sector has widened.
Taxes on carbon and energy remain an important instrument to curb
greenhouse gas emissions, in particular for those emitters and installa-
tions that are not covered by emissions trading for CO2. Even emitters
under the European Union’s emissions trading system are likely to con-
tinue to face taxes on their use of energy for reasons indicated in the EU’s
Energy Taxation Directive and relating to the functioning of the internal
market as well as to concerns for security of energy supply.
Bank of America Merrill Lynch operates an active carbon market
services business that provides risk management, market access
and liquidity, and structured finance to a variety of corporate
clients looking to offset carbon emissions or manage their
In 2008, we engineered a ground-breaking transaction to
preserve a 750,000-hectare refuge in the Aceh province of
Indonesia, an ecologically sensitive region recovering from the
Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004.
The origins of this book date back to my attendance of Carbon Expo, a carbon
credit conference in Cologne, Germany in 2006. My goal was to learn about the
the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme and the activities surrounding
the Kyoto Protocol. I wanted to understand the development of emissions
markets for greenhouse gases. I was expecting a conference of a few hundred,
but to my surprise found a large conference of several thousand people in attendance.
As one of the world’s largest financial institutions, Bank of America
understands the powerful role it can play in addressing the private-
sector financing and economies of scale needed to build a low-
carbon economy. That’s why we have made commitments to align
our financial products and services to the burgeoning market for
low-carbon energy, including wind, solar, biomass, nuclear and other
emerging technologies. Our goal is to serve all customer audiences
— from large corporate clients and institutional investors to
individual consumers and small businesses.
Sustainability is a powerful buzzword for good reason. It is strongly connected to notions
such as endurance, flexibility, quality and alternative thinking – all of which are increasingly
emerging as building blocks of financially successful enterprise. And real estate that has
incorporated these aspects clearly is increasingly acquiring a competitive advantage over
other product in the market. Sustainability then, as far as real estate is concerned, is about the
more durable processes and practices of the humans that interact with the property.
At the same time, the capital available for deployment into Shariah-compliant
investments is vast and growing. At the heart of the Middle East, the countries of the
Gulf Cooperation Council – Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, and
Oman – form a market of 38 million residents (about the same population as
California) with a combined annual GDP that grew 6.4% in 2007 to reach US$840
billion. Add to this another 430 million Muslims living outside the Middle East – many
of whom reside in prosperous or growing economies such as India, Malaysia, or...
Services to implementing agencies. The limited capacity of
implementing agencies to mainstream gender-responsive approach-
es sometimes constrains the success of Bank projects and programs.
The Bank itself has a limited capacity to provide technical assistance
to implementing agencies, but one region has successfully estab-
lished technical service facilities that rely on part-time consultants to
advise these agencies on integrating gender-responsive approaches
into project implementation.
In addition to redeﬁ ning the calculation of capital requirements and establish-
ing a supervisory review process under Pillars 1 and 2, Basel II imposes new
and enhanced disclosure obligations on credit institutions under its third pillar.
The purpose of Pillar 3 is to ensure greater transparency in terms of banks’
activities and risk strategies, as well as to enhance comparability across credit
institutions – which is all in the interests of market participants.
ATL Ultrasound was acquired on October 2, 1998 for NLG 1,613 million in cash. ATL
Ultrasound is a leading company in the high-performance ultrasound market. Included in
the purchase price for ATL was goodwill paid for the amount of NLG 775 million,
in-process R&D for the amount of NLG 401 million and NLG 115 million for patents and
Goodwill and patents and trademarks are capitalized under intangible assets and
amortized over 12 years and 8 years respectively.
Diamond crystals form deep within the mantle of the earth when carbon is exposed to extreme pressure and
very high temperatures. Volcanic rock formations such as kimberlite or lamproite pipes serve as pathways
that convey the fragments of rocks and crystals from the mantle to the surface (see.Figure.1). The diamonds,
along with vast quantities of magma, are blasted upward in the course of violent eruptions.
Kimberlite pipes, the richest source of mined diamonds, are usually shaped like a carrot and can extend as
deep as 1 to 2 kilometers underground.