In conducting their operations, farmers are exposed to financial losses
because of production risks—droughts, floods, and other natural
disasters—as well as price risks. The federal government has played an
active role in helping to mitigate the effects of these risks on farm income
by promoting the use of crop insurance. RMA has overall responsibility for
administering the federal crop insurance program, including controlling
costs and protecting against fraud, waste, and abuse.
Second, it should not be forgot that several neuroprotectant have failed not because
they lacked efficacy, but because they revealed unexpected side effects. Many NMDAreceptor
antagonists were discarded because in clinical trials they showed psychedelic
unwanted effects. Tirilazad, an antioxidant belonging to the “lazaroid” class of
antioxidants, unexpectedly worsened outcome of ischemic stroke, a fact very likely
explained by some unexpected toxic action(s) that offset its neuroprotective ability.
The process of ageing has resulted in the emergence of a new epidemiological scenario in the
developing countries with high prevalence of degenerative diseases that act as a major cause
of death and disability and lack of mobility (Smith and Bares, 1991, Zwi, 1999). There are
evidences of unhealthy ageing from almost all the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and
Latin America. Pelaez and and Palloni (1998) have concluded that there is a long-run health
degeneration in the ageing societies of the Caribbean and Latin America with changing
These replacement and/or supplementary supplies
can be provided through organic manures and/or
This publication concerns the provision of raw mate-
rials for two important mineral fertilizers, phosphate
Three major nutrients are required in large quantities
for plant growth, nitrogen, phosphorous and potassi-
um. Three secondary nutrients are required in smaller
quantities on some soils; sulfur, calcium and magne-
sium. Seven micronutrients may be required in small
amounts where deficient.
Sales charges are the commissions that you
may have to pay when you buy or sell a fund. If
you pay this charge when you buy the fund, it’s
called an initial sales charge or front-end load.
If you pay it when you sell, it’s called a deferred
sales charge or back-end load. Some funds are
sold on a “no-load” basis, which means you
pay no sales charge when you buy or sell.
Comparing sales charge options
With initial sales charges, the cost can vary
from firm to firm and may be negotiable. Shop
around, and remember that every dollar you
pay in commission is a...
Muirhead (1987) reviews the large literature on shrinkage estimators of the covariance
matrix in ﬁnite-sample statistical decision theory. All these estimators suﬀer from at least two
severe drawbacks, either of which is enough to make them ill-suited to stock returns: (i) they
break down when N T; (ii) they do not exploit the a priori knowledge that stock returns
tend to be positively correlated to one another.
Furthermore, winning and hosting key international conferences is seen as a major economic
boost to the host city and many use the conference sector as a means of urban renewal and
regeneration. The city of Glasgow employed 40,000 people on the Clyde at the height of the
shipbuilding era but as the industry declined so did the area around it. The Scottish Exhibition
and Conference Centre (SECC) was built on the banks of the Clyde in 1985 and over the last
ten years £1 billion has been spent in transforming Clydeside as conference business and
general tourism has grown.
Rubber is indigenous to South America. Many attempts to start a viable rubber industry in that region have
met with failure because of the presence of SALB and the lack of a cost-effective management tools in that
region. SALB spreads rapidly causing severe leaf fall and twig dieback. Chemical control that involves repeated
fungicide applications to trees of great height has been found to be expensive and impractical.
Because there is significant variation and overlap in the appearance of dif-
ferent etiologies of vaginitis, objective testing should always be undertaken.
Any symptomatic, colored, or foul-smelling discharge should be sampled
from the lateral vaginal wall for microscopic examination. Such specimens
usually are obtained before other testing to decrease the presence of red blood
cells. Secretions are mixed with a small amount of normal saline either in a
test tube or on a slide with a protective cover slip to prevent air-drying.
Schools can use the health promoting schools model programme to identify the initial state
(analysing the conditions and needs), outline improvement techniques (school development plan,
concept and plan framework), structure and evaluate the achieved change at any stage of the project
implementation (evaluating the effectiveness of the project), spot the potential risks impairing
health promotion, plan the influencing of the hidden curriculum and make the health promotion
curriculum a controllable part of the hidden curriculum of the school....
The effectiveness of screening in the NHSBSP is influenced by pro-
gramme factors, such as the introduction of two views and the opti-
misation of optical density, and also by population factors, such as the
increasing use of hormone replacement therapy during the 1990s.
The current NHSBSP saves an estimated 1400 lives each year in Eng-
The NHSBSP now diagnoses about half of all breast cancers found
in women in the target age range of 50–70 years, with the remainder
occurring in women who do not attend for screening or who present
symptomatically in the interval between screens.
National financial literacy surveys are clearly important tools, but the potential gain from a survey
undertaken across a number of countries is much greater. Such an international study provides the
opportunity to compare levels of financial literacy and progress across populations and financial markets,
and is of huge interest to policy makers and other stakeholders seeking to understand why one country
appears to be achieving more than another and which interventions are most effective.
Currently the Internet has only one level of name resolution, DNS,
which converts user-level domain names into IP addresses. In this
paper we borrow liberally from the literature to argue that there
should be three levels of name resolution: from user-level descriptors
to service identifiers; from service identifiers to endpoint identifiers;
and from endpoint identifiers to IP addresses.
Our analysis also contributes to assessing market e¢ ciency in a way that
it investigates how the markets price in information about banks and how this
process may di§er across di§erent types of banks. To that end, we apply a
large panel of 53 EU banks using a stationary vector autoregressive (VAR) sys-
tem that allows us to focus on such Örm-level e§ects. A further contribution
to the literature is provided by the fact that we also want to analyse whether
large banksístock prices could be a§ected by di§erent factors than small banksí
Rheumatic fever is uncommon in the developed world, but still occurs with an
incidence of 1-2/1000 in developing countries. Rheumatic fever is due to an abnormal
immune response to the Lancefield Group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes),
which results in a pancarditis that may lead to permanent damage to the heart and
heart valves. The left sided valves are most commonly affected, the mitral valve more
commonly than the aortic valve. Mitral regurgitation is seen initially; mitral stenosis
may develop over time.