Cardiovascular disorders

Xem 1-20 trên 36 kết quả Cardiovascular disorders
  • The last quarter of a century has seen dramatic developments in the management of cardiovascular diseases. Besides the pioneering developments in the medical management of cardiovascular disorders the field of interventional cardiology has also emerged as a major discipline with a huge impact on the clinical management of acute coronary syndrome, chronic coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular and valvular diseases.

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  • Senescence is a biological process that causes a progressive deterioration of structure and function of all organs chronologically. Recent studies have revealed the detailed molecular mechanisms of senescence using cell culture system and experimental organisms. It is thought that senescence is a potential cause for the development of various age-related disorders such as cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders.

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  • Human genetics is the medical field with the most rapid and, one can say, overwhelming progress. The medical practitioner constantly needs to be up-to-date on the newest developments in his field. The diversity and rapid dynamics of advancements in genetics can sometimes overcome the assimilation possibilities of one person; thus, overspecialization for narrowing and deepening the research focus is needed. Consequently, expert opinion is much valued. This book aims to provide exactly such opinions regarding several genetic diseases.

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  • Marfan Syndrome (See also Chap. 357) This is an autosomal dominant disease, associated with a high risk of maternal morbidity. Approximately 15% of pregnant women with Marfan syndrome develop a major cardiovascular manifestation during pregnancy, with almost all women surviving.

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  • Medical Implications of Circadian Rhythmicity Prominent circadian variations have been reported in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, and stroke, the leading causes of death in the United States. Platelet aggregability is increased after arising in the early morning hours, coincident with the peak incidence of these cardiovascular events. A better understanding of the possible role of circadian rhythmicity in the acute destabilization of a chronic condition such as atherosclerotic disease could improve the understanding of the pathophysiology.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'diseases and disorders: childhood obesity', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Tham khảo sách 'genetic disorders', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Table 76-1 Common Characteristics of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosaa Bulimia Nervosa Clinical Characteristics Onset Mid-adolescence Late adolescence/early adulthood Female:male 10:1 10:1 Lifetime prevalence 1% 1–3% in women Weight Markedly decreased Usually normal Menstruation Absent Usually normal Binge eating 25–50% Required diagnosis for Mortality 5% per decade Low Physical and Laboratory Findingsa Skin/extremities Lanugo Acrocyanosis Edema Cardiovascular Bradycardia Hypotension Gastrointestinal Salivary enlargement glan...

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  • History of the Present Illness: Duration of chest pain. Location, radiation (to arm, jaw, back), character (squeezing, sharp, dull), intensity, rate of onset (gradual or sudden); relationship of pain to activity (at rest, during sleep, during exercise); relief by nitroglycerine; increase in frequency or severity of baseline anginal pattern. Improvement or worsening of pain. Past episodes of chest pain. Age of onset of angina.

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  • The idea when we started was to collect the core Emergency Medicine information and present it in an abbreviated, succinct manner, useful to housestaff and medical students. As we progressed it became obvious that the very breadth of the specialty prevented any one person from accomplishing this task. It also became obvious that our specialty had advanced past the point where succinctness was possible. We peeled, boiled and pared, and came up with this. We hope you find it useful.

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  • Therapeutic immunosuppression has very broad applications in clinical medicine, ranging from prevention and treatment of organ and bone marrow transplant rejection, management of various autoimmune disorders (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis), skin diseases, allergies and asthma. Whereas traditionally only a small repertoire of immunosuppressive agents was available for clinical use, recent discoveries have significantly increased the number of approved agents, resulting in numerous trials to further evaluate their potential.

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  • A person who had the cancer and died 10 years later of the cancer would contribute an event, a death due to the cancer, having also contributed 10 person-years of survival time. A 90 % cancer specific survival at 10 years would mean that 90 % of patients had not died from their cancer, while 10 % had died from their cancer (Kaplan, 1958). Calculation of cause-specific survival is especially important when studying diseases with a favorable prognosis, as is the case at hand, where the patients live long enough to be exposed to other causes of death....

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  • Stroke is a vascular disease for which mortality and morbidity are relatively well-documented because most stroke victims are admitted to hospitals. Trends in stroke mortality, incidence, and prevalence are somewhat similar to those for other cardiovascular conditions. Stroke mortality has been decreasing since the 1960s, but without a consistent decrease in stroke incidence. Stroke incidence has even been reported to have been higher in the 1980s than during the 1970s, and there was no sustained decline in incidence during the 1990s....

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  • The main method of cognition of the performance of biological systems is their mathematical modeling. The essence of this method should reflect the principle of optimization in biology[9]. Any biosystem cannot function if its energy consumption is inadequately high. The same is applicable to the blood circulatory system. Its main function is to transport blood throughout the body in order to maintain the proper gaseous exchange, deliver important substances to viscera and tissues in living body and remove decay products.

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  • Nutritional counseling and management are becoming important in health care, particularly in the management of a number of chronic conditions and diseases. The publication of this book is timely, because it aims to help physicians and their staffs identify conditions and diseases that can be treated effectively with nutritional intervention, and provides specifics on appropriate counseling and management. The first of the 13 chapters discusses nutritional support for children, with emphasis on premature infants, cystic fibrosis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia....

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  • Obesity and its associated disorders, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease, have now reached epidemic proportions in the Western world, resulting in dramatic increases in healthcare costs. Understanding the pro-cesses and metabolic perturbations that contribute to the expansion of adi-pose depots accompanying obesity is central to the development of appropriate therapeutic strategies.

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  • Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia Syncope due to glossopharyngeal neuralgia (Chap. 371) is preceded by pain in the oropharynx, tonsillar fossa, or tongue. Loss of consciousness is usually associated with asystole rather than vasodilatation. The mechanism is thought to involve activation of afferent impulses in the glossopharyngeal nerve that terminate in the nucleus solitarius of the medulla and, via collaterals, activate the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve.

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  • The first Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) monograph, on mercury, was published in 1976 and since that time an ever-increasing number of assessments of chemical and of physical agents have been produced. In addition, many EHC monographs have been devoted to evaluating toxicological methodology, e.g. for genetic, neurotoxic, teratogenic and nephrotoxic agents. Other publications have been concerned with epidemiological guidelines, evaluation of short-term tests for carcinogens, biomarkers, effects on the elderly and so forth....

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  • The fact that there is a reciprocal relation between mental states and bodily conditions, acting both for good and ill, is nothing new in human experience. Even among the most crude and unobserving, traditions and incidents have given witness to this knowledge. For centuries stories of the hair turning white during the night on account of fright or sorrow, the cause and cure of diseases through emotional disturbances, and death, usually directly by apoplexy, caused by anger, grief, or joy, have been current and generally accepted.

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  • Yet, despite all these problems, the harmful use of alcohol remains a low priority in public policy, including in health policy. Many lesser health risks have higher priority. The harmful use of alcohol is a particularly grave threat to men. It is the leading risk factor for death in males ages 15–59, mainly due to injuries, violence and cardiovascular diseases. Globally, 6.2% of all male deaths are attributable to alcohol, compared to 1.1% of female deaths. Men also have far greater rates of total burden attributed to alcohol than women – 7.4% for men compared to 1.4% for women.

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