Catalytic oxidation of organic compounds is an extremely important field of chemistry, spanning the range from biological oxidations to large scale industrial production of commodity chemicals. However, many of these transformations can hardly be classified as organometallic reactions, since the catalysts (often simple metal salts) and the intermediates can be rather regarded as coordination complexes than organometallic compounds.
The study of catalytic membranes and membrane reactor processes is a multidisciplinary
activity, which in recent years has attracted the attention of scientists and engineers
in a number of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry and biology, and chemical
and biochemical engineering.
The science of catalytic reaction engineering studies the catalyst and the catalytic process in the laboratory in order to predict how they will perform in production-scale reactors. Surprises are to be avoided in the scaleup of industrial processes. The laboratory results must account for flow, heat and mass transfer influences on reaction rate to be useful for scaleup. Calculated performance based on these results must also be useful to maximization of profit and safety and minimization of pollution.
In this work, platinum nanoparticles were dispersed on SBA-15 mesoporous material by incipient wetness method and the synthesized materials were characterized by XRD, TEM, EDX spectroscopies and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm measurement. The results indicated that 2D hexagonal ordered structure of SBA-15 was still maintained after grafting Pt on SBA-15 support and platinum nanoparticles existed both inside and outside the pore channels of SBA-15 material. Catalytic activity of these materials was tested in the aqueous phase D-glucose oxidation as a model reaction. ...
Transparent heat mirror thin films have high transmittance in the visible range of wavelength and high reflectance in the infrared range of wavelength. TiO2/TiN/TiO2 films prepared via a D.C reactive magnetron sputtering method on Corning glass and Alkali glass substrates, serve as transparent heat mirrors. The outer TiO2 layer has both the photo-catalytic and anti-reflective properties. The experiment data showed that the film thickness required for photocatalytic properties exceeds 350nm.
The alternative fuels that are derived from non-fossil source are very promising fuels for the future. Catalytic cracking of vegetable oil sludge is an advanced method for obtaining of bio- fuels. The huge waste in the vegetable oil manufacture could be converted to bio-fuel. Cracking of vegetable oil sludge by HY catalyst using MAT5000 instrument is a precious method for studying this catalytic cracking reaction. By catalytic cracking, the LPG gas, gasoline product, LCO and HCO products are also formed of vegetable oil sludge.
Nanostructured Au-Ceria has been known as a promising catalyst for the low-temperature water-gas shisft reaction. The catalyst prepared by coprecipitation method with the gold loading various between 2 - 3 at.% with the crystallite size of 2.9 nm has been used to study some factors that effect to catalytic activity and long-term stability of this material.
Polymers present a class of materials that play a role of importance growing in catalysis. Polymeric catalysts based on polypropylene-polyacrylic acid (PP-APA) were prepared by the two methods: co-polymerization in the presence of transition metal ions (Cu(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Mn(II)…) and soaking method. Their catalytic activity was determined by oxidation reactions of ions S2- and hydroquinone by molecular oxygen in normal condition.
The realm of aqueous organometallic catalysis incorporates many more reactions and catalysts than discussed in the preceeding chapters. However, these were not investigated in so much detail as, for instance, hydrogenation or hydroformylation; some of them are mentioned only here and there. An attempt is made to give a representative sample of these studies.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Polymer-stabilized palladium nanoparticles for catalytic membranes: ad hoc polymer fabrication
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học trên tạp chí khoa học vật lý quốc tế đề tài: Synthesis, Characterisation and Catalytic Performance of Porous Nafion Resin/Silica Nanocomposites for Esterification of Lauric Acid and Methanol
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Discussion of risks of platinum resources based on a function orientated criticality assessment – shown by cytostatic drugs and automotive catalytic converters Diskussion der Risiken der Ressource Platin auf Basis eines um funktionale Faktoren erweiterten
Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces reflects many of the new
developments of catalysis, surface science, and electrochemistry. The first three
chapters indicate the sophistication of the theory in simulating catalytic processes
that occur at the solid–liquid and solid–gas interface in the presence of external
potential. The first chapter, by Koper and colleagues, discusses the theory of
modeling of catalytic and electrocatalytic reactions.
CTuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: haracterization of the HIV-1 integrase chromatin- and LEDGF/p75-binding abilities by mutagenic analysis within the catalytic core domain of integrase
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Facile template-free synthesis of pine needle-like Pd micro/nano-leaves and their associated electro-catalytic activities toward oxidation of formic acid
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: A Temperature Window for the Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition of CH4 over Mo2-Fe10/MgO Catalyst
Most glucoamylases (a-1,4-d-glucan glucohydrolase, EC 18.104.22.168) have
structures consisting of both a catalytic and a starch binding domain. The
structure of a glucoamylase from Saccharomycopsis fibuligeraHUT 7212
(Glu), determined a few years ago, consists of a single catalytic domain.
The structure of this enzyme with the resolution extended to 1.1 A˚
of the enzyme–acarbose complex at 1.6 A˚
resolution are presented here.