Catchments and coastal areas

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  • As email marketing continues to mature, and digital communications expand, organizations need to become even more strategic in email campaign implementation, to deliver value on subscriber’s terms. To accomplish this goal, email marketers must exceed the rising expectations of email subscribers and ISPs. Subscribers demand organizations speak to their unique interests and communication preferences. Because of overcrowded inboxes, consumers also seek new, more efficient tools with which to review emails.

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  • Environmental toxins, including exposure to lead, pesticides, and other chemicals, unquestionably affect fertility in men and women. Researchers have documented many examples, the strongest cases involving industrial and occupational exposures. These usually involve small numbers of people exposed to high levels of contamination.

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  • Cross promotions among media companies, food sellers, and toy companies advance the corporate goal, as one marketing expert put it, “to establish a situation where kids are exposed to their brand in as many different places as possible throughout the course of the day or the week, or almost anywhere they turn in the course of their daily rituals” (Kjos, 2002). Supermarket shelves are filled with such links, such as Rugrats characters on packages of Kraft Macaroni & Cheese. Tie-ins like these are designed to lure children into...

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  • Around one third of our visits were to firms for whom financial services is not their main line of business and sell PPI as a tertiary product. Of these nearly a half had not properly engaged with their regulatory responsibilities and had in general failed to meet the standards of TCF and ICOB. Motor retailers have shown some of the biggest improvements since our earlier work, for instance, they have been proactive in changing their sales processes to better align them with TCF objectives.

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  • Young women exposed to pregnancy experience greater likelihood of childbirth- related morbidity and mortality, with some countries experiencing mortality rates among women aged 15 - 19 that are as high as twice that of women in their 20s or 30s (WHO, 1989). Physiological under-development increases the likelihood of prolonged or obstructed labor, which may lead to ruptured uterus and death for the mother or fetus (Network, 1994). Negative pregnancy outcomes also result in part from poor prenatal health behavior among young adults, particularly teenage schoolgirls.

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  • Holliway and McCutchen (2004) stressed that the coordination of the author, text, and reader representations “builds on multiple sources of interpersonal, cognitive, and textual competencies” and may well account for most of the difficulties that children experience with revision. In an early study of expert versus novice differences in writers, Sommers (1980) documented that professional writers routinely and spontaneously revise their texts extensively and globally, making deep structural changes.

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  • The Capital Market Climate Initiative (CMCI) is a UK initiative, bringing together experts from the financial and public sector to help deliver private climate financing at scale in developing countries by: identifying deliverable propositions to mobile private capital; developing a base of evidence build developing country interest and support; and building private sector confidence in the feasibility of the task and opportunities.

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  • PHI provides a source of insurance in systems with targeted, non-universal access to health care coverage. It plays a particularly large role in countries with a history of private health coverage and an absence of universal coverage. For example, in the Netherlands, nearly all of the population without access to social insurance purchases PHI (about a third of the population), and the majority of the socially insured rely on PHI for coverage of services not included within social insurance.

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  • Interest in farmland is rising. And, given commodity price volatility, grow- ing human and environmental pressures, and worries about food security, this interest will increase, especially in the developing world. Many countries have suitable land available that is either not cultivated or produces well below its potential. This was a development challenge even before the food price rise of 2008. Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor are rural, and most are engaged in farming.

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  • The key driver in this change has been India's demographic makeup, as the nation's booming economy rapidly adds to the near–critical mass of newly affluent consumers. The average salary of Indians has grown 14% (those of IT professionals have grown by 18%), which is probably the highest wage growth in Asia. 3 There are now about 1.6 million Indian households that spend an average of $9,000 (Rs. 4,50,000) a year on luxury goods, according to The Knowledge Company, a management-consulting firm in New Delhi. Mr.

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  • Water conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities to manage fresh water as a sustainable resource to protect the water environment and to meet current and future human demand. Population, household size and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation.

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  • To bring the broadest range of experts into the development of evidence reports and health technology assessments, AHRQ encourages the EPCs to form partnerships and enter into collaborations with other medical and research organizations. The EPCs work with these partner organizations to ensure that the evidence reports and technology assessments they produce will become building blocks for health care quality improvement projects throughout the Nation. The reports undergo peer review prior to their release.

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  • A major component of liquidity is adverse selection costs, which are reflected in the bid-ask spread and market impact costs. Firms’ precommitment to the timely disclosure of high- quality financial accounting information reduces investors’ risk of loss from trading with more informed investors, thereby attracting more funds into the capital markets, lowering investors’ liquidity risk (see Diamond and Verrecchia [1991], Botosan [2000], Brennan and Tamarowski [2000], and Leuz and Verrecchia [2000]).

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  • The central problem of life-cycle finance is the spreading of the income from the economically productive part of an individual’s life over that person’s whole life. As with all financial problems, this task is made difficult by time and uncertainty. Merely setting aside a portion of one’s income for later use does not mean that it will be there—in real (inflation-adjusted) terms—when it is needed. No investment is riskless if the “run” is long enough. In addition, there is the ordinary risk that the realized return will be lower than the expected return.

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  • Because every project needs a leader. Agile methodologies free the project manager from the drudgery of being a taskmaster thereby enabling the project manager to focus on being a leader – someone who keeps the spotlight on the vision, who inspires the team, who promotes teamwork and collaboration, who champions the project and removes obstacles to progress. Rather than being an operational controller, the project manager can become an adaptive leader – if she can relinquish her reliance on old style management. The basic phases of an...

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  • Society uses water to generate and sustain economic growth and prosperity, through activities such as farm- ing, commercial fi shing, energy production, manufactur- ing, transport and tourism. Water is important in deciding where we settle and how we use land. Water can also be a source of geo-political confl icts – in particular where water shortages occur. For our own well-being, not only clean drinking water but also clean water for hygiene and sanitation is crucial.

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  • Ensuring that children are healthy and able to learn is an essential part of an effective education system. As many studies show, education and health are inseparable. A child’s nutritional status affects cognitive performance and test scores; illness from parasitic infection results in absence from school, leading to school failure and dropping out (Vince Whitman et al., 2001). Structures and conditions of the learning environment are as important to address as individual factors. Water and sanitation conditions at school can affect girls’ attendance.

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  • The harms to individuals, families, communities and Australian society as a whole from alcohol, tobacco and other drugs are well known. For example, the cost to Australian society of alcohol, tobacco and other drug misuse1 in the financial year 2004–05 was estimated at $56.1 billion, including costs to the health and hospitals system, lost workplace productivity, road accidents and crime. The overarching approach of harm minimisation, which has guided the National Drug Strategy since its inception in 1985, will continue through 2010–2015.

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  • The concept of well-being is multi-dimensional, encompassing physical, emotional and social well-being and focusing on children’s immediate as well as their future lives (Statham and Chase 2010; Saunders and others 1997: cited in Chambers and others 2002). Other factors used to discuss children’s well-being in the UK and other Western societies include the concepts of need, rights, poverty, quality of life and social exclusion (Axford 2008).

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  • The lack of locally available low-cost feeds and suitable feed making equipment to produce them has been identified as one of the major constraints limiting the development of small scale aquaculture in PNG. At the same time, the availability and cost of commercially manufactured feeds makes their use prohibitive. The supply and nutrient composition of local feed ingredients which are suitable for use in simple aqua-feeds is also extremely variable.

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