This book discusses aspects of laser pulses generation, characterization, and practical applications. Some new achievements in theory, experiments, and design are demonstrated. The introductive chapter shortly overviews the physical principles of pulsed lasers operation with pulse durations from seconds to yoctoseconds. A theory of mode-locking, based on the optical noise concept, is discussed. With this approximation, all paradoxes of ultrashort laser pulse formation have been explained.
In an effort to assess the impact of recent trends that may have affected industry energy
consumption since the CEF report was produced, we also examined reference case energy
consumption projections for the pulp and paper industry produced in connection with EIA’s
Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO 2006), which also uses the NEMS model but incorporates
more recent energy and economic data. However, AEO 2006 also projects production to grow
(increasing at 1.
The second volume of the book concerns the characterization approach of photonic crystals, photonic crystal lasers, photonic crystal waveguides and plasmonics including the introduction of innovative systems and materials. Photonic crystal materials promises to enable all-optical computer circuits and could also be used to make ultra low-power light sources.
In order to estimate the size of the cavity remaining around
the heme of the 3A3–microperoxidase 8 (MP8) hemo-abzyme,the formation of 3A3–MP8–Fe(II)-nitrosoalkane
complexes upon oxidation of N-monosubstituted hydroxyl-amines was examined. This constituted a new reaction for
hemoabzymes and is the first example of fully characterized
Fe(II)–metabolite complexes of antibody–porphyrin.
A molecular understanding of volatile anesthetic mechanisms of action will
require structural descriptions of anesthetic–protein complexes. Porcine
odorant binding protein is a 157 residue member of the lipocalin family
that features a large b-barrel internal cavity (515 ± 30 A
) lined predomin-antly by aromatic and aliphatic residues. Halothane binding to theb-barrel
cavity was determined using fluorescence quenching of Trp16, and a com-petitive binding assay with 1-aminoanthracene.