Next, I would like to focus on the position of Vice-President,
currently held by Dr. Karl Podratz. If we may read the “Bylaws”
of IGCS, we find the following: “The Vice-President, in the
absence of the President, shall preside at all meetings of
the Society and Council and shall have all the powers of
President in the event of vacancy in the office of President.
S/he shall assist the President in the performance of his/her
duties as requested by the President.” This means that the
Vice-President is the core of the cabinet.
Forty years ago there was hardly a ﬁeld called ‘behavioral sciences’. In fact, psychology largely
was the behavioral sciences, with some help from group theory in sociology and decision-
making in economics. Now, of course, psychology has expanded and developed in a myriad
of ways, to the point where ‘behavioral sciences’ is often the more useful term. Physiological
psychology has become neuroscience, covering areas not previously part of psychology.
Decision-making has become decision science, involving people from economics, marketing,
and other disciplines.
When a root tip encounters an obstacle that resists penetration, the root cap becomes less pointed
and the surface cells may slough off (Souty, 1987). Mechanical impedance decreases the rate of root
elongation because of both a decrease in the rate of cell division in the meristem, and a decrease in
cell length (rather than volume). Eavis (1967) found a decrease of 40% in the cell division rate at a
root penetration resistance (0.34 MPa) sufficient to decrease the root elongation rate by 70%. Cell
length is decreased and the volume of the inner cortical cells may...
Understanding of the transport and attenuation of chemicals in the subsurface is fundamental
to effective management of risks posed by chemicals and their possible impact on
groundwater resources. A risk assessment approach to groundwater protection incorporates
the three-stage combination of source, pathway and receptor. All three must be considered
and understood to arrive at a balanced view of the risks to health of groundwater users.
Informed consideration of the pathway, which in the context of this monograph means
transport through the groundwater system, is vital.
Enzyme catalysis in low water containing organic solvents is
finding an increasing number of applications in diverse
areas.This review focuses on some aspects which have not
been reviewed elsewhere.Different strategies for obtaining
higher activity and stability in such media are described.In
this context, the damaging role of lyophilization and the
means of overcoming such effects are discussed.Ultrasoni-cation and microwave assistance are two emerging approa-ches for enhancing reaction rates in low water media.
Twenty-five years ago, Georges Köhler and César Milstein invented a means of
cloning individual antibodies, thus opening up the way for tremendous advances in the
fields of cell biology and clinical diagnostics (1). However, in spite of their early
promise, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were largely unsuccessful as therapeutic
reagents resulting from insufficient activation of human effector functions and
immune reactions against proteins of murine origin.