Cellular level

Xem 1-20 trên 93 kết quả Cellular level
  • The elderly in India often end up in a state of deprivation and negligence as there is no proper social security system as in the West (OASIS, 1999). The majority of the elderly work in the informal sector with low levels of wages and deficient working conditions and this has also put the aged in a state of deprivation, vulnerability and distress in old age in terms of both health and economic security (Helpage International, 2002). Empirical studies by different researchers have shown a gradual decline in the standard of life of the aged with high...

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  • The Tesla plant in Lanskroun, Czech Republic, was the only producer of capacitors in Czechoslovakia, and of machinery for that purpose. After central planning was abolished, AVX Kyocera gradually took over the plant and a process of selective restructuring took place. The combination of gradual change and a positive outlook for the long-term viability of operations encouraged many former employees (the average qualification level was high) to set up their own small supplier firms for AVX Kyocera. After a few years, these local suppliers were able to compete with Japanese suppliers.

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  • A suite of emerging techniques, known collectively as “molecular imaging,” now offer scientists an unprecedented opportunity to identify, follow, and quantify biologic processes at the cellular level with molecular specificity in intact organisms. For instance, it is now possible to evaluate, with imaging, the distribution, magnitude, and timing of gene expression in genetically altered animals (1–3).

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Principles of anatomy and physiology" presents the following contents: An introduction to the human body, the chemical level of organization, the cellular level of organization, the tissue level of organization, the integumentary system, joints, muscular tissue,...

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  • This industry aims to produce a meat product that is both standardized and inexpensive. A standardized product is essential in the mainstream marketplace. The corporation assures this standardization of product by providing chicks with the same genetics, feed with the same nutrition, by requiring standardized production techniques and processing procedures. Control of operations along the value chain in chicken production assures not only standardization of product but allows for corporate control of expenses, labor and equipment.

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  • The true picture of alcohol consumption is often shrouded in myths and assumptions. A statistical presentation and mapping of the level and patterns of global, regional and country alcohol consumption by adults 15 years and older provides a sound basis for the analysis of problems related to alcohol. For this purpose, total adult consumption, unrecorded consumption, consumption in different World Bank income groups, and most consumed beverages in terms of litres of pure alcohol are examined and presented.

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  • The first edition of the Steel Heat Treatment Handbook was initially released in 1997. The objective of that book was to provide the reader with well-referenced information on the subjects covered with sufficient depth and breadth to serve as either an advanced undergraduate or graduate level text on heat treatment or as a continuing handbook reference for the designer or practicing engineer.

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  • Within the gravitational pull of the studios, independent production has been found at both the upper and lower ends of the business. Low-budget independent outfits such as Republic and Monogram, and many smaller entities, helped to serve the demand of the system for the production of ‘B’ movies, to fill the bottom half of double bills, during the 1930s.

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  • This book presents basic and advanced principles underlying the multivalent interactions that are prevalent in biological systems. To illustrate important or complex concepts, the book provides up-to-date examples of synthetic multivalent molecules, their design, and their biological benefits. Functional roles displayed by such molecules of both natural and synthetic origin are well documented in biology, where they exert unique and crucial activities at a level not readily achievable by monovalent molecules.

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  • Several figures in this primer show the cumulative percent change in private health insurance or health insurance premiums (Figures 11, 15, and 20). These cumulative increases may vary from figure to figure because different years are used, the data sources differ, and what is being measured varies.

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  • Significant enlargement of the clitoris may signify excess androgens and a likely adrenal or ovarian tumor. After child- birth, prolapse or scarring from an episiotomy may be present. Bartholin’s glands may swell and become palpable from a retention cyst, infection, or trauma. In elderly patients, a swollen Bartholin’s gland should raise the possibility of an underlying cancer. After menopause, atrophic changes may include a urethral caruncle, which appears as a cherry red polypoid mass extending from the urethral opening and represents prolapse of the ure- thral mucosa....

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  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most common known preventable cause of mental impairment. Babies with FAS have distinctive changes in their facial features and they may be born small. The brain damage that occurs with FAS can result in lifelong problems with learning, memory, attention, and problem solving. These alcohol-related changes in the brain may be present even in babies whose appearance and growth are not affected.

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  • This edited volume contains a selection of chapters that are an outgrowth of the European Conference on Mathematical and Theoretical Biology (ECMTB05, Dresden, Germany, July 2005). The peer-reviewed contributions show that mathematical and computational approaches are absolutely essential for solving central problems in the life sciences, ranging from the organizational level of individual cells to the dynamics of whole populations.

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  • The currently available treatment options for glomerular disorders are not optimal since most of them either respond only partially or poorly so that relapse and progression is often the rule. Inadequate understanding of the factors underlying the development and progression of glomerular injury in various clinical scenarios is primarily responsible for lack of ideal therapies. The section on immune system and glomerulonephritis has three chapters which basically cover some of the actively investigated areas. Tetsuhiro Tanaka et al.

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  • Of course, there is some truth in this answer, and probably much more than “some”. We are in the 21st century, and even animal experiments must be updated and modernized. I am perfectly convinced that preclinical scientists (among whom I proudly list myself) must learn, as they have done for a couple of centuries, new ways of designing and carrying out their experiments.

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  • Many foreign companies use a combination of exporting, licensing and direct investment in India. India permits 100% foreign equity in most industries. Units setting up in special economic zones (SEZs), operating in electronic hardware or software technology parks or operating as 100% export-oriented units also may be fully foreign-owned. Nevertheless, the government has set sector-specific caps on foreign equity in certain industries, such as basic and cellular telecommunications services, banking, civil aviation and retail trading.

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  • For certain commodities, such as wheat and cotton, the farmers can get Government nonrecourse loans. The farmers can redeem the loans and sell when prices are good. Or they may permit the Government to take title to the commodity at the loan-maturity date; then the farmers have received the benefit of the full loan value. The Government assumes all market price risk below the loan value. Another device is to sell products for later delivery. A wheat miller might sell flour to bakeries for later delivery at the price prevailing when he...

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  • There has been much previous work on node localization and event detection [6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16] , includ- ing foundational work on theoretical lower bounds [17, 18]. Sex- tant differentiates itself from this body of work in several ways. First, it does not assume uniform transmission radii (i.e.

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  • They found that AAV5 and 7-syn-GFP resulted in the highest percentage of nigral dopaminergic neurons transduction, where AAV7 showed the highest efficiency in transducing the nigrostriatal projection pathway. Accordingly, they conclude that AAV7-syn-GFP is the most suitable SN gene delivery vehicle in mice. In the eleventh chapter, Okada et al. developed a new method of producing AAV vectors. They applied these AAV vectors in muscle transduction for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). In chapter twelve, Sunico et al.

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  • You’ll pay a commission when you buy and sell an ETF. ETFs pay management fees and operating expenses. They may also pay trailing commissions. The fees and expenses for an ETF are often lower than what you would pay for a mutual fund. If an ETF simply follows an index, the manager doesn’t have to do as much research into investments or as much buying and selling of investments. Segregated funds Segregated funds are insurance products that combine investment funds with insurance coverage. You buy and sell segregated funds under an insurance contract.

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