During the last decades, numerous studies about stem cells and regenerative medicine highlighted new therapeutic approaches to treat several neurological disorders. It is noteworthy that the current optimism over potential stem cell therapies is driven by new understandings of stem cell biology leading to specific cell fate decision.
In this paper, we study different centrality measures being used in predicting noun phrases appearing in the abstracts of scientific articles. Our experimental results show that centrality measures improve the accuracy of the prediction in terms of both precision and recall. We also found that the method of constructing Noun Phrase Network significantly influences the accuracy when using the centrality heuristics itself, but is negligible when it is used together with other text features in decision trees. ...
Chapter 7 - Monetary and fiscal policy. This chapter compare monetary and fiscal policy, compare monetary and fiscal policy, explain the money creation process, describe functions and definitions of money, describe theories of the demand for and supply of money, describe the roles and objectives of central banks,...
A native of the Sudetenland, formerly Austria, he received his BS from the
University of Nevada and earned both an MBA (with high distinction) and a DBA
(as a Ford Foundation Fellow) at the Harvard Business School. Dr. Helfert writes
and lectures extensively in his field, and his books and articles have been published
in the United States and abroad. His first literary work, Valley of the
Shadow, a factual historical novel about his experiences in central Europe at the
end of World War II, was published recently.......
Gazing into the future may be possible for the few clairvoyants living among us,
but building a telecommunication network based on psychic prediction would be
like basing critical business decisions on a coin flip. Still, today’s telecommunication
buzzword for any fiber-to-the-premise (FTTP) network is “future-proofing.”
Without a crystal ball to examine future bandwidth needs and determine winning
technologies, service providers face some major challenges in getting it right the
It is widely believed that changes in exchange rates have important implications for financial decision-making and for the profitability of firms. One of the central motivations for the creation of the euro was to eliminate exchange rate risk to enable European firms to operate free from the uncertainties of changes in relative prices
resulting from exchange rate movements. At the macro level, there is evidence that the creation of such currency unions results in a dramatic increase in bilateral trade (Frankel and Rose, 2002)....
Between 1981 and 1983, one of us (Max) served on the faculty of Boston Univer-sity. At the time, he was conducting laboratory studies on decision biases in negotiation.
Behavioral decision research did not exist as a topic of study in most management
schools. The faculty at Boston University included a number of excellent colleagues,
and yet they knew very little about the emerging research on judgment. This lack of
awareness among management colleagues motivated Max to write this book. The goal
was to make the area of judgment a more central part of the management literature.
First, the concentrated
decision rights within the firms allow them to operate in greater secrecy. A politician may
desire more secrecy in order to maintain a reputation of integrity. The firms also prefer
operating in secret in order to discourage entry by competitors. Second, compared to a
hired manager in a widely held firm, a controlling owner is more secure in his position in
the firm and thus has more credibility on which to trade favors with the government.
In the previous sub-section we have described the evolution of yields and interest rate
spreads in 2002 using weekly data. If the information revealed by policy events is
processed efficiently in capital markets, it may nevertheless be necessary to look at
higher frequencies to detect any impact of fiscal policy events.
In this section we therefore focus more carefully on specific events using daily data.
As an illustration, we select two periods for a closer look.
The narratives of Hindi cinema have undoubtedly been male dominated and male centric. Themes have been
explored from the male audience‟s point of view. The heroine is always secondary to the hero. Her role is
charted out in context of any male character which is central to the script. It may be the hero, the villain, the
father, the boss, an elderly male figure etc. She is devoid of any independent existence and her journey
throughout the film is explored in relation to the male character.
Nevertheless, it is a widespread assumption that end-of-pipe technologies still domi-
nate investment decisions in firms. This is because there has been exceptionally little empiri-
cal analysis directed to the determinants of the use of specific types of abatement measures -
principally because of the paucity of available data. On the basis of a unique facility-level
data set based on a recent survey covering seven OECD countries (Canada, France, Germany,
Hungary, Japan, Norway, and the U.S.) we find a clear dominance of cleaner production in
these countries: Surprisingly, 76.
The successful deployment of any flexible, cost-effective fiber-to-the-premise (FTTP)
network requires thoughtful decisions regarding all segments of the network, from the
optical line terminal (OLT) in the central office to the optical network terminal (ONT)
attached to each home and everything in between. While much attention is focused on
the distribution and access elements within the outside plant (OSP) network, it’s also
important to consider the implications of FTTP architectures within the central office (CO)....
This is the 20th volume of the International Review of Industrial and
Organizational Psychology. In keeping with previous volumes in the series
we have commissioned chapters on a range of topics at the cutting edge of the
industrial,work, and organizational psychology field, from some of
the world’s leading researchers. A number of central topics covered in the
present volume (e.g.
The Mathematical Sciences Education Board (MSEB) of the National
Research Council was established in 1985 to provide national leadership
and guidance for policies, programs, and practices supporting the improvement
of mathematics education at all levels. Curriculum materials for grades
K-12 play a central role in what mathematics topics are taught in our
schools, how the topics are sequenced and presented to students, what
levels of understanding are expected, what skills students will develop and
We assess some stylised facts on long-term interest rates, using weekly and daily data.
Then we explore how these events were interpreted in capital markets by reviewing
weekly notes and newsletters of four major investment banks for 2002, and we
provide a chronology of major fiscal policy events throughout the year.
Many people have a desire to ride a camel. A few actually own pet riding camels. Some
want to ride for a brief period only and others to caravan overnight into the desert and
experience a little camel culture. The senior author himself enjoyed a few camel rides and
the longest very comfortable ride was 60 km through a desert in two days. Camel riding
can be witnessed in Central Australia and in the deserts of Cholistan, Tharparkar,
Rajisthan and on the beach in Karachi where beautifully decorated camels make their
riders believe that camel ride is no less...
In these experiments the choices involved gambles for everyday objects (e.g. a
coffee mug). It has been suggested that observed differences are due to an asymmetry of
preferences between losses and gains, which might be exacerbated by age. Finally, both
younger and older subjects participated in beauty contest games, in which strategic
thinking plays a central role. In each case the experiments were taken from the literature
allowing us to focus on age differences rather than on theories behind the experiments....
European cooperation and integration has continued to progress forward
over the past five decades, with an ever deepening impact on the member
states. The first wave of research into these processes concerned European
integration, the process of institution building and policy developments at
the European Union (EU) level. The second wave, on Europeanization used
integration as an explanatory factor in understanding domestic political
change and continuity related to the EU.
In this paper we review the fiscal evolution of China and Russia, asking how the process of creating a
separate, tax-financed public sector in the two countries differed. We observe that the size of China's
budget sector was consistently smaller than in Russia and that budget decentralization was consistently
greater. We see both pros and cons in China's decentralization. Local governments that were allowed to
keep marginal increases in local tax revenue had incentives to pursue growth-supporting policies,
including support for foreign investment and export-oriented production.
Given these diverse viewpoints, understandably, the assessment of individual events
was also different among investment banks. One bank considered the struggle about
the early warning to Germany and Portugal in February, and the Council’s decision
not to issue such a warning was considered a lost opportunity to enforce the Stability
and Growth Pact as the existing procedure of fiscal co-ordination among European
Conversely another bank argued “no warning, no problem,” since the two
countries confirmed their commitment to their fiscal target.