The 2005 Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFS Yearbook),
contains detailed data on revenue, expense, transactions
in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities
for the general government sector and its subsectors. The
data and related information are presented in world, country,
and institutional tables for 130 reporting countries presented
in the framework of the Government Finance Statistics Manual
2001 (GFSM 2001).
The 2007 Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFS Yearbook)
contains detailed data on revenue, expense, transactions
in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities of
general government and its subsectors. Data are presented in
world and country tables for all reporting countries in the
framework of the Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001
(GFSM 2001).1 Corresponding metadata are provided in country
specific institutional tables.
Recent studies indicate that e-government initiatives have not held their promise of improving government services. The majority of efforts to benchmark e-government have had central government as the unit of analysis. This study employs the MeGAP-3 (The Municipal E-Government Assessmen Project) assessment tool to assess the status of municipal e-government in the Agder region in southern Norway, an area with high Internet penetration and mature information and communication technology (ICT) use....
During the past two decades, two prominent influences—globalization
and the information revolution—have brought about profound
changes in the division of powers within nations as well as beyond
nation-states. As a result, the world has gradually but steadily moved
from closed-economy centralized governance to open-economy
globalized and localized governance—sometimes called “glocalized”
governance. International security concerns in recent years
have somewhat dampened this change process.
We live in a world infused with technologies, many old and many new.
Each day we learn of new technological advances often promoted to
redefine our lives and our societies. Information and communication
technologies (ICTs) have always been a part of the human social experience
from the invention of human language and writing, to the rapidly
evolving world wide web. These ICTs are central to modern life including
our personal and social relationships, our employment and our experience
of work, and the operation of the modern state.
Administrative law provides many of the safeguards which prevent government
becoming an intolerable evil. It is the purpose of this book to provide an
introduction to administrative law and its control of government power indicating,
wherever possible, the nature of those powers, the purpose of governmental
functions as well as the scope and effectiveness of legal control.
This consultation sets out our vision for the future of local audit. This vision is firmly based on four principles. The first of these is localism. When reforms are complete local public bodies will be free to appoint their own independent external auditors from a more competitive and open market. The second is transparency; local public bodies will become increasingly accountable for their spending decisions to the people who ultimately provide their resources. The third is to remove the overheads charged by the Audit Commission to service the central government machine.
The central bank started out as the government’s bank, originally created by rulers to finance wars. However, the early examples are really the exceptions, as central banking is largely a 20th century phenomenon. The central bank creates money and thereby controls the availability of money and credit in a country’s economy. In today’s world, central banks use monetary policy to stabilize economic growth and inflation.
he republics of Central Asia, which received comparatively little attention from the United States in their first ten years of independence, suddenly increased in value when the United States deployed forces and set up bases of operation in the region in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. In that context, the U.S. government
Constitutional conventions are rules of practice considered binding on those to whom
they apply, but they are not legally enforceable. They are of immense importance in
regulating the ways in which the legal framework of the British Constitution is
operated in reality. Good examples of constitutional practice governed by convention
are the office of Prime Minister (not recognised by statute until 1905), the system of
Cabinet government, and the principle that the Sovereign does not refuse royal assent
to Bills passed by Parliament. All these emerged in the 18th century....
Changes in the use of land reflect a variety of environmental and social factors, necessitating an equally varied suite of data to be used for effective analysis. While remote sensing, both from satellites and air photos, provides a central resource for study, socio-economic surveys, censuses, and map sources also supply a wealth of valid information. Land Use Change: Science, Policy and Management presents spacial theories and methodologies that support an integrated approach to the analysis of land use change.
Much has been written about the economic and political problems of countries
that are in the process of changing from centrally planned systems to market
systems. Most studies have focused on the economic, legal, political and
sociological problems these economies have had to face during the transition
period. However, not much has been written about the dramatic changes that
have to be made to the accounting and financial system of a transition
economy. This book was written to help fill that gap....
WHO’S INFLUENCING WHOM? A STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE CEO AND THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS ON ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY The more importance that parents attach to school effectiveness, the more likely we
are to observe equilibria in which wealthy students attend more effective schools than do
lower-income students. Moreover, if parental concern for peer group is not too large, the
model predicts that this equilibrium effectiveness sorting will tend to be more complete in
high-choice markets, those with many small school districts, than in markets with more
The government of Mexico City, Mexico
believes that access to health care is a
human right, and should be universal and
free to those who cannot afford to pay.
In Mexico City the mayor has made health
care accessible to all, and has garnered
the broad support of the City’s leaders
and citizens for this unique effort
the City’s popular mayor, Andres Manuel
López Obrador, came to power, he faced
two significant challenges to keeping his
campaign promise of free health care to
poorer families. First, the public health
system was fragmented.
I could not have written this book without the support of many people and
agencies. University of Oregon College of Arts and Sciences Distinguished Pro-
fessor James C. Mohr has made the transition with me from graduate advisor
to colleague and friend. His unwavering support and encouragement for this
project supported me when my own enthusiasm failed. Whatever contribution
this book may make to the ﬁeld originated in his graduate seminar on state
government. He deserves credit for the best parts of this book. Its errors re-
main my own....
The development of goat production system in Vietnam has been boosted by the government of Vietnam through the establishment and support for research centers goats and rabbits Shanxi in the north of Vietnam. The initiatives developed at this center through both national and international programs R & D has been successfully implemented local farms in the north, and both national and government province needs to promote similar projects in central and southern Vietnam
2006, the value of agricultural production contributes 25% of national GDP, which
feed production constitute 77% and 23% for livestock production. enhance livestock
produce up to 30% of total output from agriculture is one of the important components
economic development plan - the Government's social. The Government of Vietnam
committed to promoting growth and poverty reduction.
The development of goat production system in Vietnam has been boosted by the government of Vietnam through the establishment and support for research centers goats and rabbits Shanxi in the north of Vietnam. The initiatives developed at this center through both national and international programs R & D has been successfully implemented local farms in the north, and both national and government province needs to promote similar projects in central and southern Vietnam. While many technologies, expertise and funds to apply to the small farmers are limited....