Chemical precipitation and complexation are primarily important for the inorganic species.
The formation of coordination complexes is typical behaviour of transition metals, which
provide the cation or central atom. Ligands include common inorganic anions such as Cl
as well as organic molecules such as amino acids. Such
complexation may facilitate the transport of metals.
Biodegradation is a reaction process mediated by microbial activity (a biotic reaction).
Life in cities—i.e., in organized human settlements, which are
mostly referred to as communities in this book—is possible only if
people have mobility1 on a daily basis—the ability to move around
so that they can do what they have to do or like to do. One char-
acterization of a city is that it consists of specialized, frequently
clustered, activities that perform discrete functions. Residences
are separate from workplaces, major shopping is concentrated in
identifiable centers, and larger entertainment and relaxation facil-
ities are found at specific locations.
This joint publication of the OECD and the European Commission gives policy makers practical tools to tackle weaknesses in many countries' career guidance systems including limited access, particularly for adults; failure to develop career management skills; inappropriate training; and poor service coordination. In simple, non-technical language, this publication addresses a broad range of policy issues that that are central to the effective delivery of career guidance services.
in 1991 the North-West region declared the
independent state of Somaliland, which has not been
recognised as independent by the majority of other
countries. Nevertheless, Somaliland enjoys relative
peace and security and is de facto administered from its
in 1998 the North-east declared itself as the
autonomous region of Puntland. Puntland has not
sought separate statehood but declared its intention
to participate in any Somali reconciliation and
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Can you justify not using ultrasound guidance for central venous access?
The Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation’s measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data, proof-ofconcept implementations, and technical analyses to advance the development and productive use of information technology.
Currently, NRC requirements and licensing guidance
for diagnostic and therapeutic medicine are inter-
mingled. This book represents the first attempt by a
stakeholder professional organization, in this case the
Society of Nuclear Medicine and the American College
of Nuclear Physicians, to develop a stand-alone
document applicable to the practice of diagnostic
nuclear medicine. The suggested operating policies and
procedures are the minimum necessary to ensure
compliance with the revised Part 35 regulations and
with other NRC regulations (e.g.
With subprime mortgages representing only about 14 percent of the stock of US mortgages, most observers expected rising delinquencies in this segment to be contained at moderate cost. Testifying in July 2007, Federal Reserve Bank Chairman Bernanke estimated that credit losses associated with subprime mortgages would probably total $50 billion to $100 billion. As we now know, what began as a subprime crisis has proved to be wider, deeper, and more damaging than originally thought.
Research should aim to develop regenerative therapies, involve SMEs and test
promising products or techniques in the clinic. Since it is intended to encourage regenerative
medicine as an approach, proposals may address any justified disease or condition. Execution
of clinical/in-patient trials should represent a central part of the project. To indicate real
promise, pre-clinical or early clinical results should be already available. Rigorous toxicology
studies should precede clinical trials.
The standards in this report harmonise and, where appropriate, strengthen the
existing international standards for payment systems (PS) that are systemically important,
central securities depositories (CSDs), securities settlement systems (SSSs), and central
counterparties (CCPs). The revised standards also incorporate additional guidance for over-
the-counter (OTC) derivatives CCPs and trade repositories (TRs).
The General Dental Council’s core ethical guidance booklet ‘Standards for dental
professionals’ and associated, supplementary guidance, emphasise that all dental
professionals are responsible for putting patients’ interests first, and acting to
Central to this responsibility is the need for dental professionals to ensure that they
are able to deal with medical emergencies that may arise in their practice.
In November 2004, building upon the recommendations established in the RSSS,
the CPSS and the Technical Committee of IOSCO published the Recommendations for
central counterparties (RCCP). The RCCP provided 15 recommendations that addressed the
major types of risks faced by CCPs. A methodology for assessing a CCP’s observance of
each recommendation was included in the report.
English Heritage is the Government’s adviser on the historic environment.Central to our role is the advice we give to local planning authorities and governmentdepartments on development proposals affecting historic buildings,sites and areas,archaeology on land and underwater,designed landscapes and the historic aspects of the landscape as a whole.We also manage an estate of over 400 historic propertiesopen to the public.This guidance is intended for developers of wind energy projectswhich may affect any of these aspects of the historic environment.
The Mathematical Sciences Education Board (MSEB) of the National
Research Council was established in 1985 to provide national leadership
and guidance for policies, programs, and practices supporting the improvement
of mathematics education at all levels. Curriculum materials for grades
K-12 play a central role in what mathematics topics are taught in our
schools, how the topics are sequenced and presented to students, what
levels of understanding are expected, what skills students will develop and
The paper entitled “International Convergence of Capital Measurement and
published by the Basel Committee on Banking Super-
vision provides only general information on interest rate risk in the banking
book. More speciﬁ c information is contained in an additional paper entitled
“Principles for the Management and Supervision of Interest Rate Risk” (July
Interview results support the idea that the executive director plays
a central role of in an organization’s operations and effective
governance. In the organizations interviewed, all had self-defined
successful relationships between the executive director and board
of directors—partly because the executive director actively
participated in board matters. The caveat is that executive directors
were strategic in their areas of involvement and, more importantly,
how they got involved (i.e.
There are multiple documents issued by central agencies that provide guidance and stipulate requirements for
the program and project management of initiatives. It is recognised that these need to be consolidated and
simplified, and that in the main they say “what” is to be done, not “how to” do it.
For “how to” guidance many departments and agencies using non-proprietary best practice methods as the
foundations of their Portfolio, Program and Project Management capability
The collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP-2) is a central molecule
regulating axonal growth cone guidance. It interacts with the cytoskeleton
and mediates signals related to myelin-induced axonal growth inhibition.
CRMP-2 has also been characterized as a constituent of neurofibrillary
tangles in Alzheimer’s disease.
This chapter will review a variety of common peripheral nerve and central neuraxial blocks that can be performed using ultrasound guidance in children. This aspect of regional anesthesia has the potential for significant contributions to evidence-based medicine.
Similar to the physician studies, nurses described an anticipatory or pre-reﬂection,
occurring before an activity, as central to their practice. They also described reﬂection both
‘‘in’’ their practice and ‘‘on’’ it. Participants reﬂected on ethical considerations, on situa-
tions that required courage and novel situations requiring creative approaches. They
reported guidance and supervision as key to reﬂection.
Teekman (2000) studied ten registered nurses, and analyzed ten non-routine nursing
situations for the presence of reﬂective thinking.