Landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), which include unexploded ordnance
(UXO) and abandoned explosive ordnance, represent a major threat to civilian. This
demands that all the mines and ERW affecting the places where ordinary people live must
be cleared, and safety of people in areas that have been cleared must be guaranteed.
There are many distinct pleasures associated with computer programming. Craftsmanship
has its quiet rewards, the satisfaction that comes from building a useful object and
making it work. Excitement arrives with the flash of insight that cracks a previously
intractable problem. The spiritual quest for elegance can turn the hacker into an artist.
There are pleasures in parsimony, in squeezing the last drop of performance out of clever
algorithms and tight coding.
Over the course of roughly a year, after completing my first book, I resurrected an old
pet project of building an autonomous submarine (referred to as the E-2 project) with
certain fairly challenging functionality requirements. In the course of developing this
idea, I spent many hours on the Internet and elsewhere, researching techniques for
rapid development of various electromechanical control systems and platforms to run
fairly complex signal-processing algorithms.
Technology has affected society and its surroundings in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural resources, to the detriment of the Earth and its environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and new technology often raises new ethical questions.
Stereopsis is a vision process whose geometrical foundation has been known for a long
time, ever since the experiments by Wheatstone, in the 19th century. Nevertheless, its
inner workings in biological organisms, as well as its emulation by computer systems,
have proven elusive, and stereo vision remains a very active and challenging area of
research nowadays. In this volume we have attempted to present a limited but relevant
sample of the work being carried out in stereo vision by researchers from around
After two successful editions of the HRPR conference, it was a challenge to
meet the high expectations that were raised. This challenge contributed to and
fueled the organizational and scientific work that made HRPR 2010, the Third
International Conference on Human – Robot Personal Relationships, the success
Since long ago, thoughts of personal relationships between man and artificial
beings have been food for myths, speculation, fear, ridicule, entertainment, and
Nikolas Kompridis has also written about the dangers of new technology, such as genetic engineering, nanotechnology, synthetic biology and robotics. He warns that these technologies introduce unprecedented new challenges to human beings, including the possibility of the permanent alteration of our biological nature. These concerns are shared by other philosophers, scientists and public intellectuals who have written about similar issues (e.g. Francis Fukuyama, Jürgen Habermas, William Joy, and Michael Sandel)....
The nonholonomic nature of the car-like robot is related to the assump-
tion that the robot wheels roll without slipping. This implies the presence of
a nonintegrable set of rst-order dierential constraints on the conguration
variables. While these nonholonomic constraints reduce the instantaneous mo-
tions that the robot can perform, they still allow global controllability in the
conguration space. This unique feature leads to some challenging problems
in the synthesis of feedback controllers, which parallel the new research issues
arising in nonholonomic motion planning.
Semantic parsing is the task of mapping natural language sentences into complete formal meaning representations which a computer can execute for some domain-speciﬁc application. This is a challenging task and is critical for developing computing systems that can understand and process natural language input, for example, a computing system that answers natural language queries about a database, or a robot that takes commands in natural language.
Automation is also important to replace the skilled workers. Welding is one of the most
important jobs in shipyards, and the ratio of the mechanized welding in Japanese
shipyards is 42% in average, and 64% in the most advanced shipyard (Miyazaki 2008).
Further development of mechanized welding calls for a breakthrough. Miyazaki (2008)
showed some challenges such as mechanized welding inside the double hull structure
in the assembly stage, and mechanized butt welding of longitudinals inside the double
hull structure in the erection stage.