Xem 1-20 trên 122 kết quả Challenges measurement
  • The Committee believes that a successful implementation of the revised Framework will provide banks and supervisors with critical experience necessary to address such challenges. The Committee understands that the IRB approach represents a point on the continuum between purely regulatory measures of credit risk and an approach that builds more fully on internal credit risk models. In principle, further movements along that continuum are foreseeable, subject to an ability to address adequately concerns about reliability, comparability, validation, and competitive equity.......

    pdf251p mille 07-03-2009 404 115   Download

  • After we have set out the objectives for an investment, considered the challenges to reaching them, developed a strategy with the optimal chance of meeting our goals, allocated assets to asset classes and managers, and purchased the securities to build our portfolios, the next step is to check the results. Investment performance measurement is the quantification of the results achieved by an investment program. This book describes and demonstrates the techniques we use to measure investment performance....

    pdf370p transang3 30-09-2012 46 20   Download

  • The fundamentals of an alternative approach to solving tomorrow’s measurement challenges Angelika Gratzfeld-Hüsgen and Rainer Schuster Acknowledgements We would like to thank Christine Miller and John Jaskowiak for their contributions to this primer. Mrs. Miller is an application chemist with Agilent Technologies and is responsible

    pdf146p beobobeo 01-08-2012 29 10   Download

  • After we have set out the objectives for an investment, considered the challenges to reaching them, developed a strategy with the optimal chance of meeting our goals, allocated assets to asset classes and managers, and purchased the securities to build our portfolios, the next step is to check the results. Investment performance measurement is the quantification of the results achieved by an investment program. This book describes and demonstrates the techniques we use to measure investment performance....

    pdf368p greengrass304 15-09-2012 40 9   Download

  • Perhaps quantum mechanics is viewed as the most remarkable development in 20th century physics. Each successful theory is exclusively concerned about "results of measurement". Quantum mechanics point of view is completely different from classical physics in measurement, because in microscopic world of quantum mechanics, a direct measurement as classical form is impossible. Therefore, over the years of developments of quantum mechanics, always challenging part of quantum mechanics lies in measurements.

    pdf0p cucdai_1 16-10-2012 28 9   Download

  • Thermal noise from optical coatings is a growing area of concern, and overcoming limits to the sensitivity of high-precision measurements by thermal noise is one of the greatest challenges faced by experimental physicists. In this timely book, internationally renowned scientists and engineers examine our current theoretical and experimental understanding. Beginning with the theory of thermal noise in mirrors and substrates, subsequent chapters discuss the technology of depositing coatings and state-of-the-art dielectric coating techniques used in precision measurement.

    pdf342p namde01 10-04-2013 23 7   Download

  • The Committee believes that a successful implementation of the revised Framework will provide banks and supervisors with critical experience necessary to address such challenges. The Committee understands that the IRB approach represents a point on the continuum between purely regulatory measures of credit risk and an approach that builds more fully on internal credit risk models. In principle, further movements along that continuum are foreseeable, subject to an ability to address adequately concerns about reliability, comparability, validation, and competitive equity....

    pdf0p transang3 29-09-2012 39 5   Download

  • Flow measurement is a basic tool in industry, engineering and research. The existing applications reveal the evolution and development of new methods and devices through the years. Some of the latest emerging technologies, such as microelectronics and nanotechnology, have put forward new challenges in the flow measurement and are treated at the beginning of this book. This book comprises 8 chapters divided into 4 sections, starting with “microflows”, followed by the “biphasic” and “gas flow”.

    pdf194p qsczaxewd 22-09-2012 15 4   Download

  • Natural language generation (NLG) systems are notoriously hard to evaluate. On the one hand, simply comparing system outputs to a gold standard is not appropriate because there can be multiple generated outputs that are equally good, and finding metrics that account for this variability and produce results consistent with human judgments and task performance measures is difficult (Belz and Gatt, 2008; Stent et al., 2005; Foster, 2008). On the other hand, lab-based evaluations with human subjects to assess each aspect of the system’s functionality are expensive and time-consuming. ...

    pdf4p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 17 2   Download

  • Prof Yoswa Dambisya (University of Limpopo/EQUINET) scoped the Consultation over the three days, emphasising the links between activities in Day One to subsequent discussions. Day One would focus on country policies, positions and plans, with a view to identifying common ground, common challenges and common approaches. He encouraged delegates to ask: What can we do together, and what do we differently? He asked delegates to find ways of pulling in the same direction, in the Kenyan spirit of “Harambee”.

    pdf30p nhamnhiqa 01-03-2013 16 1   Download

  • We present a large-scale meta evaluation of eight evaluation measures for both single-document and multi-document summarizers. To this end we built a corpus consisting of (a) 100 Million automatic summaries using six summarizers and baselines at ten summary lengths in both English and Chinese, (b) more than 10,000 manual abstracts and extracts, and (c) 200 Million automatic document and summary retrievals using 20 queries.

    pdf8p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 10 1   Download

  • The construct of adaptive behavior: Its conceptualization, measurement, and use in the field of intellectual disability updates the current conceptualization, measurement, and use of the adaptive behavior construct.

    pdf13p thuytrang_6 04-08-2015 10 1   Download

  • From the very beginning of the transition from the traditional purchasing system reviews to the redesigned assessment approach that replaced them, it was understood that further refinement and continuous improvement was planned. Consistent with that long-term strategy, and building on the originally redesigned federal purchasing assessments, the business system assessment models of the PEAmembers have evolved to be more aligned with the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach to performance measurement and management, which is currently in use by many “world class” private corporations.

    pdf69p badkid 10-03-2009 302 195   Download

  • CRM strategy (Customer Relationship Management) is a business philosophy, stemming from Relationship Marketing that joins strategy and technology, with the aim of creating value for both customers and the company. In this paper we justify the interest of establishing a formal system to measure CRM performance. In order to do that, we first focus on the role of marketing performance measurement throughout the time. Then, we compare different frameworks and metrics used to measure performance in the CRM era.

    doc15p moser 04-03-2009 182 61   Download

  • After years of experience with building systems, the information systems (IS) community is still challenged by systems delivery, that is, planning the implementation project, determining system features and requirements, sourcing and deploying the software, and managing its evolution.

    pdf383p dieutan 17-05-2010 119 31   Download

  • The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.

    pdf79p ktct_1669 08-05-2012 53 20   Download

  • Private landowners or Federal Agencies responsible for cleaning up radiological environments are faced with the challenge of clearly defining the nature and extent of radiological contamination, implementing remedial alternatives, then statistically verifying that cleanup objectives have been met.

    pdf401p 951628473 04-05-2012 50 17   Download

  • Stereopsis is a vision process whose geometrical foundation has been known for a long time, ever since the experiments by Wheatstone, in the 19th century. Nevertheless, its inner workings in biological organisms, as well as its emulation by computer systems, have proven elusive, and stereo vision remains a very active and challenging area of research nowadays. In this volume we have attempted to present a limited but relevant sample of the work being carried out in stereo vision by researchers from around the world.

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  • The advantages and limitations of conventional structural MRI for the diagnosis and monitoring of MS are discussed by Andreadou (Chapter 15). There is often a disparity between the level of structural abnormality seen on MRI and level of cognitive difficulties expressed by the patient with MS. Clinical interview and neuropsychological assessment are vitally impairment, not only from an initial diagnostic perspective but also in terms of longer term planning and care.

    pdf218p wqwqwqwqwq 21-07-2012 51 14   Download

  • Since 2005, the international development perspectives have broadened, with new funding sources, partnerships and configurations of stakeholders. Global public-health initiatives such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) and the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) have matured their operations and increasingly become significant sources of revenue for national health budgets in many low-income countries.

    pdf8p ut_hai_can 25-12-2012 20 10   Download

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