The idea for this book arose during the planning phases of an International Conference
in Edmonton, Canada in July 2004 entitled “The Science of Changing Climates
— Impacts on Agriculture, Forestry and Wetlands.” The conference was organized
jointly by the Canadian Societies of Animal Science, Plant Science and Soil Science
with support from Natural Resources Canada/Canadian Forest Service because they
saw climate change as one of the most serious environmental problems facing the
Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and
their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate
and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales
the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly inﬂuences
physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate inﬂu-
ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops
can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys-
This book offers an interdisciplinary view of the biophysical issues related to climate change. Climate change is a phenomenon by which the long-term averages of weather events (i.e. temperature, precipitation, wind speed, etc.) that define the climate of a region are not constant but change over time. There have been a series of past periods of climatic change, registered in historical or paleoecological records.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp đề tài: Status of an indigenous agro-forestry system in changing climate: A case study of the middle Himalayan region of Tehri Garhwal, India...
This book provides a general introduction to the popular topic of climate variability. It explores various aspects of climate variability and change from different perspectives, ranging from the basic nature of low-frequency atmospheric variability to the adaptation to climate variability and change. This easy and accessible book can be used by professionals and non professionals alike.
Cimate change is one of the most important global environmental
problems facing the world today. Evidence of a
changing climate is all around us, from rising sea level to
retreating mountain glaciers, melting Arctic sea ice, lengthening
growing seasons, shifting animal migration patterns, and other
changes. Such changes are already having adverse impacts on people’s
well-being, as climate change amplifies the effects of other
environmental and socioeconomic changes and problems and produces
new effects of its own.
1979, WMO t ch c H i ngh Khổ ứ ộ ị í
hậu Thế Giới lần 1- Geneva, Thụy Sĩ.
1988, Thành lập Ủy Ban Liên Chính
Phủ về Biến đổi Khí hậu ( IPCC:
Intergovermental Panel on Climate
Change ) , với sự hổ trợ của WMO và
UNEP để định lượng dữ kiện khoa học
về biến đổi khí hậu
Growing numbers of governments and peoples around the world are now convinced
that if nothing is done, we will adversely and irreversibly affect the earth’s climate
to our own detriment. Yet even as global concern has risen, the prospect of an
effective collective response is not guaranteed.
The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.
This book provides an interdisciplinary view of how to prepare the ecological and socio-economic systems to the reality of climate change. Scientifically sound tools are needed to predict its effects on regional, rather than global, scales, as it is the level at which socio-economic plans are designed and natural ecosystem reacts. The first section of this book describes a series of methods and models to downscale the global predictions of climate change, estimate its effects on biophysical systems and monitor the changes as they occur....
and land management
According to the Government Chief Scientist, Professor Sir David King and to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), climate change is the biggest threat to our environment, with significant impacts across the globe. The UK is committed to the Kyoto protocol and to building an international consensus for cutting emissions and limiting the effects of climate change.
The annual summer warming of the Arctic in 2008 was watched closely by an army of
expert observers and other interested parties around the world. Organisations such as
the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)3 published neardaily
updates on the state of the Arctic sea ice, which every year recedes from its winter
maximum as the summer comes to the far north. The reason for this scrutiny was the
record low level of Arctic sea ice extent observed in summer 2007, when an area of ice
nearly the size of Alaska melted.
Report by the Comm. on Climate and Tropical Forests, which was formed in 2009 to ensure effective protection of tropical forests primarily as part of U.S. climate change policies, but also through engagement in internat. agree. The intent has been to create actionable, politically viable recommend. that can inform and guide the U.S. in its legislative and diplomatic negotiations on this issue. Contents: Summary for Policy Makers; Climate Change and Tropical Forests; Financing Forest Emission Reductions; International Cooperation; Designing U.S.
This third edition of the textbook ‘Environmental Physics’ has been thoroughly revised to give more focus on sustainable energy and climate change. As fossil fuels and nuclear power will be with us for many years to come, the physical and environmental aspects of these ways of energy conversion are given ample attention as well.
Information about climate1 is used to make decisions every day. From farmers deciding
which crops to plant next season to mayors in large cities deciding how to prepare for future heat
waves, and from an insurance company assessing future flood risks to a national security planner
assessing future conflict risks from the impacts of drought, users of climate information span a
vast array of sectors in both the public and private spheres. Each of these communities has
different needs for climate data, with different time horizons (see Box 1) and different tolerances
The world’s climate is changing, and it will continue to change throughout the 21st century and beyond. Rising temperatures, new precipitation patterns, and other changes are already affecting many aspects of human society and the natural world. Climate change is transforming ecosystems at extraordinary rates and scales.
The Society of Wetland Scientists’ book series, Global Change Ecology and Wetlands, emerged
from the Society’s Global Change Ecology Section. There is a growing need among wetlands
managers and scientists to address problems of climate change in wetlands, and this series will fi ll
an important literature gap in the fi eld of global change as it relates to wetlands around the world.
Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht
University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’,
with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from
several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was
intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental
Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As
the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to
anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse
Climate change is a long-term shift in the statistics of the weather (including its
averages). For example, it could show up as a change in climate normalcy (expected
average values for temperature and precipitation) for a given place and time of year,
from one decade to the next. We know that the global climate is currently changing.
The last decade of the 20th Century and the beginning of the 21st have been the
warmest periods in the entire global instrumental temperature record, starting in the