Ecological issues and environmental problems have become exceedingly complex. Today,
it is hubris to suppose that any single discipline can provide all the solutions for protecting
and restoring ecological integrity. We have entered an age where professional humility is
the only operational means for approaching environmental understanding and prediction.
In 1992, the first United Nations Conference on Sustainable
Development, popularly known as the Rio Earth Summit, was convened
in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to address the state of the environment and
sustainable development. The Earth Summit yielded several important
agreements including “Agenda 21”, a plan of action adopted by over
178 governments to address human impacts on the environment at
local, national and global levels, and key treaties on climate change,
desertification and biodiversity.
Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and
their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate
and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales
the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly inﬂuences
physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate inﬂu-
ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops
can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys-
Technological innovation prompted by the need to satisfy the changing needs
of society, ever more effi ciently and economically, involves complex interactions
between three basic systems: the production system, the economic
system, and the ecosystem
This book addresses the significant environmental changes experienced by
high latitude and high altitude ecosystems at the beginning of the 21st century.
Increased temperatures and precipitation, reduction in sea ice and
glacier ice, the increased levels of UV-radiation and the long-range transported
contaminants in arctic and alpine regions are stress factors that
challenge terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
This ancient Native American proverb and what it implies resonates
today as it has become increasingly obvious that people’s actions
and interactions with the environment affect not only living conditions
now, but also those of many generations to follow. Humans must
address the effect they have on the Earth’s climate and how their choices
today will have an impact on future generations.
Since 2000, the shrimp industry expands at a fast rate in the coastal areas of the Mekong
Delta, Vietnam. Shrimp farming is known for its negative impact on the coastal environment. However,
other human interventions like agriculture and urbanization also deteriorate the coastal environment.
The land cover changes between 1968 and 2003 were determined and analyzed for the Cai Nuoc district,
Ca Mau Province, Vietnam, using photos from 1968, 1992 (aerial photographs), 1997/98 (Spot)
and 2003 (Landsat).
Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht
University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’,
with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from
several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was
intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental
Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As
the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to
anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse
Twenty years ago, world leaders gathered at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and signed the
first global agreement to tackle climate change. At the time, the impacts of climate change on
communities and economies were just beginning to be understood, and the role of the private
sector in responding to these challenges was only just emerging. But two decades later, climate
change is no longer a distant threat looming on the horizon; it has emerged as arguably the
greatest global challenge of our time.
Carbon offsets are an innovative tool for allowing companies and individuals to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions beyond what they can easily achieve on their own. In the past
two years, interest in carbon offsets has grown dramatically as companies and concerned
consumers have sought ways to help mitigate climate change. However, the global
market for voluntary carbon offsets is currently unregulated, which has led to growing
concerns about whether buyers are really getting what they are paying for.
Kenyan’s livelihoods are closely linked to their access to natural resources. As our population increases
and environmental quality continues to decline, there is an increased risk of social and economic
destabilization, which will have signifi cant impacts on overall national security. Rural people are among
the most vulnerable and insecure in terms of poverty, health, food security, economic losses, and confl icts
resulting from competitive access to natural resources, among other factors....
Upon completing this module, you will be able to:
Use the command-line interface to accurately determine network operational status and network performance
Manage operating system image files to maintain an accessible operating system file and according to best practices, given a network topology
Use Cisco IOS commands to manage device configuration files to reduce device downtime and according to best practices
Execute an add, move, or change so that the network functions in accordance with the new requirement, given a new network requirement...
Human behavior in the social environment systems theory and the ecological perspective provided the medical model an early model for social work practice,the systems ecological perspective, biological influences,review bio psycho social influences, systems, boundaries,a change in one part of a system affects all partshomeostatic disequilibrium adaptation, the family as a social system.
Tác động của hồ chứa mới Mặc dù có nhiều lý do cho việc tạo ra các hồ chứa (chẳng hạn như cung cấp nước uống,
thủy lợi, hoặc kiểm soát dòng chảy), sản xuất thủy điện (hình 5.1) là chính
lý do cho sự tồn tại của các hồ chứa trên Shield tiền Cambri. Khai thác tiềm năng thủy điện của Canada đã bắt đầu trong thế kỷ qua và đã tiến về phía bắc như một làn sóng
mà bây giờ là cresting ở các vĩ độ midnorthern (Rosenberg và cộng sự, 1987).
In examining the relationship between sustainab
development and human opportunities, a broad view
the livelihoods concept is taken. Livelihoods ar
considered to extend from those in which people a
wholly dependent on natural resource systems, fo
subsistence, to those based entirely on wage earning o
trade. The chapter begins by discussing the main huma
drivers of environmental change and considers ho
these impact on human well-being and development.
In the framework of the program "Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network" funded by Rockefeller Foundation, Vietnam Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environment carried out this study with the aim to strongly support the development of action plan to respond to climate change for Quy Nhon city. The study developed climate change (temperature and rainfall) and sea level rise scenarios corresponding to some key emission scenarios, namely A1FI, A2 and B2. Impacts of climate change on main sectors such as water resources, agriculture and tourism were also assessed.
Bonds will play a crucial role in financing the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy. Investor interest in the asset class is growing, but what is the current investment opportunity already out there?
This report, commissioned by the HSBC Climate Change Centre of Excellence and prepared by the Climate Bonds Initiative, presents a first estimate of the outstanding global bond market size linked to key climate change themes, and examines future drivers and trends in the short term.