The development of robust accuracy assessment methods for the validation of spatial data
represents a difficult challenge for the geospatial science community. The importance and timeliness
of this issue are related directly to the dramatic escalation in the development and application of
spatial data throughout the latter 20th century. This trend, which is expected to continue, will
become increasingly pervasive and continue to revolutionize future decision-making processes.
An effective separation method of very pure binder fraction to assess radiocarbon dating is
proposed in the present contribution. The elimination of contaminant error sources and the
suitable selection of mortar samples enable the reliable dating. Petrographic analysis under
polarizing light microscopy is used to identify different mineralogical phases of mortar
samples, aggregate nature, and the limestone fragment remains.
A nutritional history is directed toward identifying underlying mechanisms that put patients at risk for nutritional depletion or excess. These mechanisms include inadequate intake, impaired absorption, decreased utilization, increased losses, and increased requirements of nutrients.
Individuals with the characteristics listed in Table 72-3 are at particular risk for nutritional deficiencies.
Physiologic Characteristics of Hypometabolic and Hypermetabolic States The metabolic characteristics and nutritional needs of hypermetabolic patients who are stressed from injury, infection, or chronic inflammatory illness differ from those of hypometabolic patients who are unstressed but chronically starved. In both cases, nutritional support is important, but misjudgments in selecting the appropriate approach may have disastrous consequences.
The Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA) is a measure of how much students’ critical thinking improves after attending college or university. This report illustrates how institutions can set their own standards on the CLA using a method that is appropriate for the CLA’s unique characteristics. The authors examined evidence of
To study the characteristics of mineralization zone of lode gold in Phuoc Son area; To select resource assessment models for lode gold ores and associated minerals, as a contribution to exploration methods using newly developed scientific and technological advances.
The goals of this chapter are: Define and describe internal control and explain the limitations of all internal control systems, distinguish between the responsibilities of management and auditors regarding an entity’s internal control, define and describe the five basic components of internal control and specify some of their characteristics,...
The learning objectives for this chapter include: Define and describe internal control and explain the limitations of all internal control systems, distinguish between the responsibilities of management and auditors regarding an entity’s internal control, define and describe the five basic components of internal control and specify some of their characteristics.
Intelligence quotient (IQ) test are standardised tests to measure human intelligence and they are a common place characteristic of the education system and Einstellungs-und selective procedure. This book seizes, where Book leave 4 pieces with ten new tests in each case forty questions, completely with a manual to the evaluation of the achievement. By the study of the different kinds of tests, and in acknowledgment of the different kinds of questions, it is to be improved for everyone to their Score and to the increase of its IQ evaluation possible....
Predictive Modeling of Lake Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sediment Concentrations Based on Land Use/Land Cover Type and Pattern
Pariwate Varnakovida, Narumon Wiangwang, Joseph P. Messina, and Jiaguo Qi
In watershed management and planning, one of the major problems in lakes is the need to reduce nonpoint source pollution.1 Specific land use and land cover (LULC) types, such as “cropland” and “urban”, are associated with human activities and their physical characteristics often affect water quality.2 Land use practices and water resources are unequivocally linked.
Study on the Intra-Annual Distribution Characteristics of the Water Budget in the Hilly Region of Red Soil in Northeast Jiangxi Province, China
Junfeng Dai, Jiazhou Chen, Yuanlai Cui, and Yuanqiu He
In northeast Jiangxi Province, water balance is important for water resource utilization and agricultural regionalization. In this region, the red soil is affected by the subtropical monsoon climate in which rainfall is abundant, but unevenly distributed (Chen and Zhang 2002). The high intensity of rainfall leads to water loss during the rainy season.
Genetically modified foods and food products derived from genetically engineered
organisms are among a number of biotechnological developments intended
to improve shelf life, nutritional content, flavor, color, and texture, as well as
agronomic and processing characteristics. Although in popular parlance the term
genetically modified often is used interchangeably with genetically engineered,
in this report genetic modification refers to a range of methods used to alter the
genetic composition of a plant or animal, including traditional hybridization and
Because there is no clear definition of the asthma
phenotype, researchers studying the development of this
complex disease turn to characteristics that can be
measured objectively, such as atopy (manifested as the
presence of positive skin-prick tests or the clinical
response to common environmental allergens), airway
hyperresponsiveness (the tendency of airways to narrow
excessively in response to triggers that have little or no
effect in normal individuals), and other measures of
Social determinants of health have a strong influence on a wide diversity of health
endpoints. The same is valid for the field of environmental health, as the exposure to
environmental risk factors is also unequally distributed, and this unequal distribution is
often related to social characteristics such as income, social status, employment and
education, but also non-economic aspects such as gender, age or ethnicity. However,
depending on the environmental risk and the “risk group” considered, the magnitude of
inequality varies largely.
Adolescents who become pregnant prior to
completion of their education typically face
expulsion from school, and those who give
birth often are not readmitted. In many African
societies for example, once a young woman
has given birth she is regarded as an adult, a
role that is generally perceived as
incompatible with continued formal educa-
tion. In the event that a young woman is
forced to abandon her education due to early
pregnancy, she likely faces curtailment of her
social, intellectual and economic develop-
The Victorian Early Years Learning and Development
Framework (VEYLDF) (Victorian Framework) birth
to eight years, has been developed in partnership with
the Office for Children and Portfolio Coordination,
Department of Education and Early Childhood De-
velopment (DEECD) and the Victorian Curriculum
and Assessment Authority (VCAA). The VEYLDF
was launched November 2009 for implementation in
The Victorian Framework describes five Learning
and Development Outcomes for children from birth
to eight years.
Numerous surveys have been conducted to investigate the prevalen• ce
of malocclusion. It should be remembered that the figures for a particular
occlusal feature or dental anomaly will depend upon the size and
composition of the group studied (for example age and racial characteristics),
the cnteda used for assessment and the methods used by the
examiners (for example whether radiographs were employed).
We called these groups “target communications audiences,” and as a first step in our analysis we sought
to define the characteristics of these groups and their information needs.
To determine who the audiences of policy influencers and of direct advisors to government policy makers
are for the information Apheis produces, we first sought to understand how policy on air pollution is made
and by whom.
In classification, we wish to construct a model from a set of historical data. The model
should describe a predetermined set of data classes. For example, in traditional direct
marketing there are usually two predetermined classes, namely the “responder” class and
the “non-responder” class. An observation or sample is a record representing an entity,
e.g. a customer. Each observation is associated with a certain number of characteristic
attributes and belongs to exactly one of the predetermined classes.
Object Oriented (OO) and Object-relational (OR) DBMSs showed how text and other data types can be added to a DBMS
and how to extend the query language with functions that operate on these extended data types. Current database systems
have taken their first steps toward supporting queries across text and structured data; but they are still inadequate for
integrating structured data retrieval with the probabilistic-reasoning characteristic of information...