Xem 1-20 trên 22 kết quả Charge separation
  • Numerical Simulation - from Theory to Industry is the edited book containing 25 chapters and divided into four parts. Part 1 is devoted to the background and novel advances of numerical simulation; second part contains simulation applications in the macro- and micro-electrodynamics. Part 3 includes contributions related to fluid dynamics in the natural environment and scientific applications; the last, fourth part is dedicated to simulation in the industrial areas, such as power engineering, metallurgy and building....

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  • Double-layer carbon supercapacitors (electrochemical double-layer capacitor (EDLCs)) based on two carbon electrodes of high surface area separated by an electrolyte are the most popular electrochemical supercapacitors. The charge process is electrostatic with charge separation at the two electrode–electrolyte interfaces. The EDLCs can thus be modeled with two capacitances in series with what is called equivalent series resistance (ESR).

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  • Changing your address details If you change your insured address (the address where your car is normally kept overnight), please call us and we will: update your details and tell you if there is any difference in the terms and conditions of your policy as it applies to your new address; refund or charge you any difference between the premium you paid and the premium we charge for the remainder of your period of cover for cars insured at your new address. If a refund of $10 or more is payable, we will send you a cheque...

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  • Chapter 17 - The mechanism of translation I: Initiation. This chapter concerns the initiation of translation in eukaryotes and bacteria. Because the nomenclatures of the two systems are different, it is easier to consider them separately. Therefore, let us begin with a discussion of the simpler system, initiation in bacteria. Then we will move on to the more complex eukaryotic scheme.

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  • This chapter concerns the initiation of translation in eukaryotes and bacteria. Because the nomenclatures of the two systems are different, it is easier to consider them separately. Therefore, let us begin with a discussion of the simpler system, initiation in bacteria. Then we will move on to the more complex eukaryotic scheme.

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  • Machinery Component Maintenance and Repair centralized organization of specialists within the operations department is charged with this responsibility for the network of facilities. Major engineering design and construction work related to new plants and plant expansions is handled by a separate corporate engineering department and will not be discussed in this section. The corporate engineering department is also available for special help to the operations department.

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  • The chemistry of fine organic intermediates and products shows an enormous diversity. But in reality, the number of operations/processes used remains reasonably small. These include charging/discharging of reactants and solvents, inertisation, reactions, crystallisations, phase separations, filtrations, distillation, product washing. In many cases cooling, heating, or the application of vacuum or pressure is necessary. The unavoidable waste streams are treated in recovery/abatement systems or disposed of as waste.

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  • Now an established handbook of principles and techniques, this text develops an understanding of the relevance of four fundamental properties of the analyte: shape, polarity, charge and size, to the three key types of analysis: separation, identification and quantification. The third edition of Analytical Biochemistry has now been fully updated in content and format, making it even more accessible to students learning how to select analytical techniques and recognise their scope and limitations.

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  • Mass Spectrometry (a.k.a. MS or mass spec) – a method of separating and analyzing ions by their mass-to-charge ratio MS does not involve a specific region of the electromagnetic spectrum (because it is not directly interested in the energies of emitted photons, electronic or vibrational transitions, nuclear spin transitions, etc…)

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  • Brian Snow is a river guide on the Columbia River. Typically brian takes tourists around 30 to 80 miles upriver. Round trip takes anywhere from 2 to 8 hours before returning to dock. Brian has noted that overall fuel costs vary based on “miles upriver” and he is considering changing his guide fee to separately charge customers for estimated fuel costs. Below Brian’s log for 15 typical days showing “miles upriver” and “total fuel cost”.

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  • Chapter 3: Financial Audit The department also maintains demand deposit bank accounts, which are held separately from the State Treasury. Capital Assets Capital assets are not capitalized in the governmental funds used to acquire or construct them. Instead, capital acquisition and construction are reflected as expenditures in governmental funds, and the related assets are reported in the statement of net assets. Capital assets are recorded at cost on the date of acquisition, or if donated, at appraised value on the date of donation.

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  • Electrophoresis is defined as the transport of electrically charged particles in a direct current electric field. Electrophoretic separation is based on differential rates of migration in the bulk of the liquid phase and is not concerned with reactions occurring at the electrodes. In the early days, electrophoresis was carried out either in free solution or in the supporting media such as paper, cellulose acetate, starch, agarose, and polyacry lamide gel.

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  • This is an arrangement more commonly adopted for complex building construc- tions rather than for civil engineering works. Under it the promoter appoints one contractor to manage all the construction inputs by letting contracts him- self. These ‘works contracts’ are effectively sub-contracts to the management contractor. Many may be labour-only contracts, while others are for ‘supply and erect’. The promoter may retain rights to approve or disapprove appointment of a works contractor.

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  • Capacitors store electrical charge. Generally, that charge is stored physically, as equal quantities of positive and negative charge are separated on opposite faces of an insulating material. When the two faces are connected by an external current path, current flows until complete charge balance is achieved. The capacitor can then be returned to its charged state by applying voltage.

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  • Perhaps unsurprisingly, the ethical debate on cloning tended to blur the lines of separation between the church and state, to an extent that had not been so obvious at the international level for some time. This highly charged issue challenges the bases of many religious beliefs and places science and religion at loggerheads. Questions were raised such as, whether it is appropriate to allow for the creation and destruction of embryos for the sole purpose of harvesting stem cells which may save the life of a sick person is at the very heart of this debate.

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  • In 1998, additional depreciation costs relating to write-downs of property, plant and equipment of NLG 148 million resulting from the recognition of asset impairment were reported in the separate line item restructuring charges (1997: NLG 145 million, 1996: NLG 144 million). Amortization of goodwill relating to unconsolidated companies amounting to NLG 2 million (1997: NLG 18 million, 1996: NLG 14 million) was not included in costs of sales but was charged against results relating to unconsolidated companies.

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  • Certain surrender options are exempt from the application of IAS 39 and therefore are not required to be separated. These include surrender options where the surrender value is: • specified in a schedule, not indexed and not accumulating interest; • based on a principal amount and a fixed or variable interest rate (or based on the fair value of a pool of interest bearing securities), possibly less a surrender charge.

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  • Solar cells are most commonly made from silicon, the same material used to make computer chips. Silicon is one of the Earth’s most common elements, and is a major component of sand and many kinds of rocks. A solar cell is built like a sandwich, with two layers of silicon separated by a thin layer of insulating material. All three layers work together to convert sunlight into electricity. When sunlight falls onto the solar cell, it produces a small electric charge. Like a battery, the charge is positive on one side of the cell, and negative on...

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  • • This is a stage where formal charges are laid against an individual: normally a formal panel of at least three members should be established to hear the case. • A separate person within the institution should have responsibility for presenting the charges: the role of the panel should be to decide whether the charges are proven and, if so, what sanction might be appropriate. • The person against whom allegations are made should be given details of the allegations in writing, the nature of the evidence against them, and be given reasonable time and oppor tunity to respond to these....

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  • BB Agents cannot be involved in marketing, sales of any other products of the bank (including but not limited to consumer banking products, liability products etc). One Agent can provide services to multiple banks provided he (the agent) has a separate service level agreement with each bank. Alternately, banks may organize their agent network using open architecture so that they may entertain other banks’ customers using infrastructure provided by one bank. Agents may not alter/change charges/fees structure provided by the bank in any way.

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