Chest

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Part 2. Cardinal Manifestations and Presentation of Diseases Section 1. Pain Chapter 13. Chest Discomfort Chest Discomfort: Introduction Chest discomfort is one of the most common challenges for clinicians in the office or emergency department. The differential diagnosis includes conditions affecting organs throughout the thorax and abdomen, with prognostic implications that vary from benign to life-threatening (Table 13-1).

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  • Angina Pectoris (See also Chap. 237) The chest discomfort of myocardial ischemia is a visceral discomfort that is usually described as a heaviness, pressure, or squeezing (Table 13-2). Other common adjectives for anginal pain are burning and aching. Some patients deny any "pain" but may admit to dyspnea or a vague sense of anxiety. The word "sharp" is sometimes used by patients to describe intensity rather than quality.

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  • Unstable Angina and Myocardial Infarction (See also Chaps. 238 and 239) Patients with these acute ischemic syndromes usually complain of symptoms similar in quality to angina pectoris, but more prolonged and severe. The onset of these syndromes may occur with the patient at rest, or awakened from sleep, and sublingual nitroglycerin may lead to transient or no relief. Accompanying symptoms may include diaphoresis, dyspnea, nausea, and light-headedness. The physical examination may be completely normal in patients with chest discomfort due to ischemic heart disease.

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  • Approach to the Patient: Chest Discomfort The evaluation of the patient with chest discomfort must accommodate two goals—determining the diagnosis and assessing the safety of the immediate management plan. The latter issue is often dominant when the patient has acute chest discomfort, such as patients seen in the emergency department.

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  • Acute Chest Discomfort In patients with acute chest discomfort, the clinician must first assess the patient's respiratory and hemodynamic status. If either is compromised, initial management should focus on stabilizing the patient before the diagnostic evaluation is pursued. If, however, the patient does not require emergent interventions, then a focused history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation should be performed to assess the patient's risk of life-threatening conditions.

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  • Unpublished data from Brigham and Women's Hospital Chest Pain Study, 1997–1999 Markers of myocardial injury are often obtained in the emergency department evaluation of acute chest discomfort. The most commonly used markers are creatine kinase (CK), CK-MB, and the cardiac troponins (I and T). Rapid bedside assays of the cardiac troponins have been developed and shown to be sufficiently accurate to predict prognosis and guide management.

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  • Pulmonary Embolism (See also Chap. 256) Chest pain due to pulmonary embolism is believed to be due to distention of the pulmonary artery or infarction of a segment of the lung adjacent to the pleura. Massive pulmonary emboli may lead to substernal pain that is suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. More commonly, smaller emboli lead to focal pulmonary infarctions that cause pain that is lateral and pleuritic. Associated symptoms include dyspnea and, occasionally, hemoptysis. Tachycardia is usually present.

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  • Bài giảng "Emoptysis with normal chest film - Ho ra máu với hình XQ tim phổi bình thường" cung cấp cho người đọc các hình ảnh XQ tim phổi bình thường bệnh ho ra máu, cách xử lý khi ho ra máu với hình tim phổi bình thường. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo nội dung chi tiết.

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  • Learning objectives in chapter: Discuss mechanism of injury associated with chest trauma; describe the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and management of skeletal injuries to the chest; describe the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and prehospital management of pulmonary trauma;...

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  • History of the Present Illness: Duration of chest pain. Location, radiation (to arm, jaw, back), character (squeezing, sharp, dull), intensity, rate of onset (gradual or sudden); relationship of pain to activity (at rest, during sleep, during exercise); relief by nitroglycerine; increase in frequency or severity of baseline anginal pattern. Improvement or worsening of pain. Past episodes of chest pain. Age of onset of angina.

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  • This book arose because of the huge amounts of clinical material that pass through the Singapore General Hospital, the largest tertiary care hospital in Singapore. A significant proportion of our patients come to us for a second opinion from the neighboring countries. Often they come to consult us for an abnormality on a chest radiograph. Pulmonary Medicine is largely based on the strong foundation of the plain chest radiograph. Indeed, chest radiography is the single most common investigation carried out in hospital practice.

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  • BỆNH NHÂN BỊ CHẤN THƯƠNG NGỰC NÊN ĐƯỢC THĂM KHÁM NHƯ THỂ NÀO ? Chúng ta phải nhận diện ngay những cấp cứu đe dọa mạng sống, thật sự hay tiềm tàng, căn cứ trên sự đánh giá lâm sàng. Sự đánh giá này bao gồm thị chẩn, thính chẩn, và ấn chẩn. - Thị chẩn. Cởi hoàn toàn quần áo của bệnh nhân và dùng mắt thị chẩn toàn bộ ngực, cần lăn một bệnh nhân nằm ngửa.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Successful treatment of desmoid tumor of the chest wall with tranilast: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học đề tài : mprovement in health-related quality of life after therapy with omeprazole in patients with coronary artery disease and recurrent angina-like chest pain. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the SF-36 survey

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema secondary to blunt chest injury

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Solitary metastatic adenocarcinoma of the sternum treated by total sternectomy and chest wall reconstruction using a Gore-Tex patch and myocutaneous flap: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Pneumopericardium should be considered with electrocardiogram changes after blunt chest trauma: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Improvement in health-related quality of life after therapy with omeprazole in patients with coronary artery disease and recurrent angina-like chest pain. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the SF-36 survey

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Respiratory distress and chest pain: a perforated peptic ulcer with an unusual presentation

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in low risk chest pain observation unit patients

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