Xem 1-20 trên 37 kết quả Child abuse
  • Child Abuse The Forensic Investigation.Michael Ward, MD Chief Medical Examiner Greenville, South Carolina...Child Abuse.• The physical, sexual, or mental injury, exploitation or negligent treatment of a child under the age of 18 years, by a person

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  • Child maltreatment constitutes a social problem that affects all societies of the world. A recent study by the World Health Organisation points out that millions of children suffer some form of maltreatment and require medical and social attention. It should be noted that around 53,000 children are murdered every year; the prevalence of sexual abuse is 73 million (7%) and 150 million (14%) in boys and girls, respectively, under 18 years of age; and between 25% and 50% of the children inform that they have been physically abused. ...

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'what are the possible causes of child abuse?', ngoại ngữ, kỹ năng viết tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Thea Brown is Professor of Social Work and Director of the Family Violence and Family Court Research Program at Monash University. She has served on Family Court committees and on the Commonwealth Family Law Pathways Advisory Group. Dr Renata Alexander is Senior Lecturer in Law at Monash University and a member of the Victorian Bar. She was Deputy Registrar in the Family Court and is the author of Domestic Violence in Australia, 3rd edition. ..THEA BROWN RENATA ALEXANDER Understanding the issues facing human service and legal professionals .

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  • After studying this chapter you will be able to: Recognize types an patterns of burn injuries found in child abuse; define and discuss shaken-baby syndrome; explain munchausen syndrome by proxy; identify types of child molesters, and explain investigative and interview techniques for cases of child molestation; outline types of child pornography; define incest and outline profiles of incestuous fathers; describe the profile of infant abductors;...

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  • At some point, one in five children and adolescents in the UK will suffer distress or disorganisation of their behaviour sufficient to be considered ‘disordered’ (Office for National Statistics, 2005). Much of this ‘disorder’ will be dealt with informally and resolve or persist at a low level, accumulating over time to present at a later stage. Some children and adolescents will be dealt with by various professionals in various capacities – teachers, school nurses, general practitioners (GPs), social workers – and never come to the attention of ‘specialists’.

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  • One-time reports also provide Child Health program indicator results e.g., National Survey of Parents of Young Children (66) http://www.investinkids.ca/parents/about-us/ourresearch/articletype/articleview/articleid/1258/ national-survey-of-parents-of-young-children.aspx and Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect [OIS], 2003 (117) http://www.phac.arpc.gc.ca/publicat/cissr-ecirc/pdf/cmic_e.

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  • Child maltreatment constitutes a social problem that affects all societies of the world. A recent study by the World Health Organisation points out that millions of children suffer some form of maltreatment and require medical and social attention. It should be noted that around 53,000 children are murdered every year; the prevalence of sexual abuse is 73 million (7%) and 150 million (14%) in boys and girls, respectively, under 18 years of age; and between 25% and 50% of the children inform that they have been physically abused....

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  • Most of the early work on abuse of the elderly was limited to domestic settings and carried out in developed countries. In seeking explanations for elder abuse, researchers drew from the literature in the fields of psychology, sociology, gerontology and the study of family violence. To accommodate the complexity of elder abuse and the many factors associated with it, researchers have turned to the ecological model, which was first applied to the study of child abuse and neglect (24) and has been applied more recently to elder abuse (25, 26).

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  • Eugene “Bill” Wilson (1900–1981) was Dean of Admission at Amherst College. He was known for his sense of humor and his genuine interest in the welfare of each student. This quote attributed to him, published in Reader’s Digest in April of 1968, summarizes education to me, that is, it is learning itself that is most exciting, not the knowledge per se that one gathers from it. It is truly the lifelong ride of learning, not the final destination, that makes us what we are.

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  • The abuse of older people by family members dates back to ancient times. Until the advent of initiatives to address child abuse and domestic violence in the last quarter of the 20th century, it remained a private matter, hidden from public view. Initially seen as a social welfare issue and subsequently a problem of ageing, abuse of the elderly, like other forms of family violence, has developed into a public health and criminal justice concern.

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  • In the early theoretical models, the level of stress of caregivers was seen as a risk factor that linked elder abuse with care of an elderly relative (36, 37). While the popular image of abuse depicts a dependent victim and an overstressed caregiver, there is growing evidence that neither of these factors properly accounts for cases of abuse. Although researchers do not deny the component of stress, they tend now to look at it in a wider context in which the quality of the overall relationship is a causal factor (30, 34, 38).

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  • In 2008, the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) – the leading research agency in Brazil – in collaboration with the Research Foundations of the various Brazilian states, called for the creation of “National Institutes of Science and Technology” (CNPq), one of the most important research initiatives that Brazil has seen. CNPq’s National Institutes were conceptualized to be built upon collaborative work of national and international research groups focused on cutting edge areas of science or areas of national priority.

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  • The EU is considering a proposal to introduce filters for blocking of child abuse websites. European Digital Rights urges the Parliament and Council to rethink these plans. Child abuse and its portrayal on the Internet is a terrible crime that is sometimes of a severity that is scarcely believable. It must be treated seriously, with policies based on evidence and effectiveness and not on politics or gut reactions. We must avoid policies which give Member States the opportunity to adopt cosmetic measures that we have already seen being used as a replacement for real action.

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  • These efforts of over a century have led to our current understanding that child maltreatment includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, as well as neglect and endangerment. The risk to a child’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being is endangerment. It is this recognition of child endangerment that implicates minors and motor vehicles most often. Today, child abuse statutes encompass child endangerment in several states. In many other states, such crimes are charged under the “reckless” provisions of traditional criminal charges.

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  • Children are our most precious resource. Unfortunately, they do not have the skills to protect themselves. Adults can, and must, protect them. Most States codify this obligation in various child abuse and endangerment statutes. Still, many States fail to statutorily recognize the relationship in the traffic safety context. For example, though virtually every State recognizes the inherent dangers of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI or DWI), many do not articulate special sanctions for DWI/DUI drivers with minor passengers. ...

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  • Like several other implements of child abuse, motor vehicles are household necessities. If not used properly, however, they can be deadly weapons. A ride in the family van, sports utility vehicle (SUV), pickup truck or sedan can become lethal if adults do not take appropriate precautions, including using proper child restraints and avoiding DUI restraints.

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  • The existence of child abuse and neglect extends as far back in history as children themselves. Sadly, the history of the recognition of forms of abuse and neglect, as well as the laws designed to protect children from them, is not nearly as long. Author L. DeMause; in his book The History of Childhood: The Untold History of Child Abuse, stated, “the history of child abuse is a nightmare from which we have only begun to awaken.” 1 The United States followed its European counterparts’ views of children well into the Industrial Revolution, disregarding massive poverty, child...

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  • Violence against children is a global human rights and public health issue, with signifi cant negative health and social impact on children’s development. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) states that all children have the right to be protected against all forms of violence, exploitation and abuse, including sexual abuse and sexual exploitation. 1 The short- and long-term consequences of such violence are severe, not only for those who experience the violence, but also for families and communities, and constitute a critical societal concern.

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  • Gather around the table. This may seem like an unlikely topic for a social policy report. However, the practice of shared family mealtimes is a densely packed event that bodes for either favorable or suboptimal child development. Shared family mealtimes have been associated with such diverse outcomes as academic achievement, language development, physical health, and reduced risk for substance abuse.

    pdf22p connhobinh 10-12-2012 27 2   Download

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