Xem 1-20 trên 56 kết quả Child analysis
  • This is the first paper using household survey data from two countries involved in an international war (Eritrea and Ethiopia) to measure the conflict’s impact on children’s health in both nations. The identification strategy uses event data to exploit exogenous variation in the conflict’s geographic extent and timing and the exposure of different children’s birth cohorts to the fighting. The paper uniquely incorporates GPS information on the distance between survey villages and conflict sites to more accurately measure a child’s war exposure.

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  • Congress is considering a comprehensive overhaul of the nationżs immigration laws more than a decade after the enactment of strict immigration measures. Current U.S. immigration laws mandate deportation of lawful permanent resident (LPR) parents of thousands of U.S. citizen children, without providing these parents an opportunity to challenge their forced separations. Through a multi-disciplinary analysis, this policy brief examines the experiences of U.S. citizen children impacted by the forced deportation of their LPR parents and proposes ways to reform U.S.

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  • Within specific geographic areas, GHI Kenya will identify existing activities and programmatic gaps and, in the intensified areas, new potential synergies between USG agencies/programs and the GOK towards maternal, neonatal and child mortality and NTD morbidity and mortality reduction. Illustrative activities described in Appendix 1 are part of standard care and management practices.

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  • No one in Macedonia knows the real picture. How many are employed and not reported or registered? How many are registered as unemployed but really have a job? How many are part time workers – as opposed to full time workers? How many are officially employed (de jure) – but de facto unemployed or severely underemployed? How many are on “indefinite” vacations, on leave without pay, etc.? The Statistics Bureau must be instructed to make the gathering and analysis of data regarding the unemployed (through household surveys and census, if necessary) – a TOP PRIORITY....

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  • Desai et al. (2004) provide a meta-analysis of health effects from household solid fuel air pollution. Health effects were categorized by level of evidence from the research literature. Relative risk ratios associated with solid fuel use, relative to clean fuels such as LPG, were derived for each health outcome (table 3.1). 11 The national and global mortality and DALY estimates presented by WHO (2007) reflect the relative risk ratios in Desai et al, limiting the health effects to ALRI in children u5, and COPD and lung cancer in adult women and men. ALRI...

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  • A close look at the different studies which deal with errors, the critics of error analysis have suggested, will clarify the discrepancy that exists among the findings reached by different researchers. What might be an interference error in one study is a developmental one in another. The conclusion that might be reached is that error analysis, to some extent, is impressionistic, and that is really a serious problem error analysis suffers from.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học quốc tế đề tài : Impact of a child with congenital anomalies on parents (ICCAP) questionnaire; a psychometric analysis

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  • Results from the univariate analysis of prostate cancer mortality and incidence do not take into account the effect of different covariables, which might influence the SMR and SIR. Various covariables where considered to model longitudinal effects: age, calendar year, year of immigration, length of stay in Germany; cohort was considered for the analysis of mortality. Multivariate Poisson regression did not show any significant effect of the considered covariables on mortality (data not shown).

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  • As individual participants in reproductive health, men face obstacles related to traditional attitudes and practices and to a lack of information and services. Overcoming social and cultural obstacles requires more educational efforts, particularly directed to youth and their parents. Research to support these efforts should identify the specific traditional attitudes that need to be addressed.

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  • Household and individual variables were collected using an extensive household survey that includes information on household structure, household consumption, expenditure, income, health indicators and educational attendance. The survey was conducted between June and October of 2002. In this subsection, we will comment on the main variables used in the analysis. Table 1 gives the descriptive statistics and definitions of the variables. Though the survey was administered to 122 municipalities, we can only have 102 in our estimating sample.

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  • There is no direct gold standard evidence or specific UK or European consensus guidelines for monitoring the growth of children with moderate to severe renal disease. This document therefore aims to define minimum standards for measuring and monitoring growth in children with CKD, based on local expert opinion, international committee reports, and indirectly supportive peer-reviewed clinical trials and reviews.

    pdf19p connicquy 14-12-2012 42 3   Download

  • This book examines how professionals practising in various health and welfare settings go about the ordinary, but complicated, business of making sense of the symptoms and troubles with which their patients or clients present. Our motivations for writing the book are varied, but are the result of our conversations with each other about the problem of judgement in clinical practice, which have taken place over many years of professional, academic and research collaboration.

    pdf208p cronus75 16-01-2013 20 3   Download

  • Combining investment in public transportation capital and operations within the US, the analysis indicates that an average of 36,000 jobs are supported for one year, per billion dollars of annual spending on public transportation, given the existing mix of operations (71 percent) and capital (29 percent) expenditures.

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  • There is increasing recognition that health and educational outcomes are inextricably linked, and that the school can be an ideal setting through which to strive for both. A number of international efforts have been developed in the past decade to improve both learning and health through schools.

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  • The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. Section 2 provides an overview of the history of the Eritrea-Ethiopia conflict and sketches the spatial and temporal event data for the most recent war. Section 3 describes the survey data used in the analysis and explains the key variables. Section 4 describes the empirical identification strategy and Section 5 presents the main results as well as robustness tests. Section 6 concludes.

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  • The Kenya Working Papers series is an unreviewed, unedited prepublication series of papers reporting on studies in progress. This paper is based on further analysis of data collected in the 2004 Kenya HIV/AIDS and Maternal and Child Health Service Provision Assessment (KSPA). The 2004 KSPA was supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID).

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  • Gaynes et al. (109) did a meta-analysis of screening instruments (i.e., EPDS, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS), and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)) for depression and concluded that, "various screening instruments can identify perinatal depression". They concluded that these instruments have high specificity and low sensitivity for depressive states, and this acquires a greater importance when deciding on whether false-positives or false-negatives are preferred.

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  • By focusing on the disease endpoint, and how various kinds of diseases are impacted by environmental influences, the analysis forges new ground in an understanding of interactions between environment and health. The estimates, in effect, reflect how much death, illness and disability could realistically be avoided every year as a result of reduced human exposures to environmental hazards. Specifically considered here are "modifiable" environmental factors realistically amenable to change using available technologies, policies, and preventive and public health measures.

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  • This book emerges from two separate, but intersecting, strands of work that began in the late 1980s, when the World Bank ini- tiated a review of priorities for the control of specific diseases. The review generated findings about the comparative cost- effectiveness of interventions for most diseases important in developing countries. The purpose of the cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) was to inform decision making within the health sectors of highly resource-constrained countries.

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  • After many years of practice as an analyst of adults and children, I came to realize that my work was based on a principle of which I was not consciously aware. Even though the feedback on the quality of my work (from colleagues and the patients themselves) was, on the whole, positive, I had had no more than a handful of patients who saw me for more than five years.

    pdf245p thienbinh1311 13-12-2012 15 2   Download

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