Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Methodological challenges in following up patients of a hospital child protection team: is there a recruitment bias?
Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing
countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and
nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underly-
ing social, economic, and health environments. This chapter
is concerned with the contribution of specific interventions,
while recognizing that improved living standards in the long
run provide the essential basis for improved health.
At some point, one in five children and adolescents in the UK will suffer
distress or disorganisation of their behaviour sufficient to be considered
‘disordered’ (Office for National Statistics, 2005). Much of this ‘disorder’
will be dealt with informally and resolve or persist at a low level,
accumulating over time to present at a later stage. Some children and
adolescents will be dealt with by various professionals in various capacities
– teachers, school nurses, general practitioners (GPs), social workers – and
never come to the attention of ‘specialists’.
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Chapter 9 - The challenges of the digital age: Society & information technology today. The topics discussed in this chapter are: security issues: threats to computers & communications systems; security safeguards: protecting computers & communications; privacy & surveillance: data collection & spies; truth issues: manipulating digital data; quality-of-life issues: the environment, mental health, child protection, & the workplace; economic & political issues: employment & the haves/have nots.
Chapter 12 - The child and the children’s act. After completing this chapter, students will be able: To gain an understanding of what is meant by being a child, infant, young person or adult; to have a brief understanding of the history of child care in the 20th and early 21st century to understand better current practices; to be aware of some of the differences physically and psychosocially between children and adults;...
Operating theatres are frightening places, a foreign environment where highly specialized
techniques that involve opening and invading a human body take place. As
such, they present unique challenges for both those who use them, and those who
work there. For children who require surgery and their families, the surgical environment
is potentially one in which consideration must be given to the whole psychosocial
aspect of care, even more so than in any other hospital environment.
Invasive Meningococcal Disease results from bacterial infection with Neisseria meningitidis,
a gram-negative aerobic organism that is usually a commensal in humans; 5-25% of adults
are asymptomatic carriers.
Meningococci that cause invasive disease develop a capsule that
protects the organism from host defence mechanisms.
The GHI Strategy in Kenya identifies three broad focus areas: (1) health systems strengthening; (2)
integrated service provision; and (3) creating awareness to create demand for available services.
Applying these broad areas will potentially have their greatest measurable health benefits in
substantially reducing unacceptably high rates of: (1) maternal, neonatal and child mortality and (2)
morbidity and mortality from neglected tropical diseases.
Pathfinder and its partner organizations train and work with the WACs to help them become agents for social
change, emphasizing the dangers of female genital cutting and early marriage and the importance and benefits
of safer sexual behaviors, maternal and child health care, and family planning. Highly respected by their
communities, WAC members are in a unique position to gain community trust and pave the way for CHWs to
introduce their lessons and family planning methods.
The WACs have embraced their role and have had great success in influencing change at the district level.
Over the years, a wide variety of methods have been developed to reduce
the chances of becoming pregnant. These methods are called birth con-
trol or contraception.
Birth control helps a couple plan if and when to have a child. However,
birth control gained even more importance in the late twentieth century
for two additional reasons. The world’s human population is growing faster
than at any other time in history. For example, in 1800, Earth supported
a population of almost 1 billion people. By the year 2000, the human pop-
ulation reached 6 billion.
A project on Community Participation for Conservation Success developed by
WWF, Xuan Mai Forestry University and FPD used Khe Tran as one of the training
sites in buffer zones. It was designed to increase the effectiveness of conservation
programs in Vietnam by promoting community participation through community-
based environmental education (CBEE). The project, started in 2003, aimed to
increase the immediate and long-term capacity of government to incorporate
CBEE training into mainstream training institutions.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is an important first step in reforming our broken
health care system. For children, it means improving the insured rate to an unprecedented high,
and extending access and improving coverage for children who currently have health insurance
coverage but experience barriers to getting the care they need. Congress and the President have
acknowledged that certain parts of the bill need to be fixed, and significant work remains to be
done to ensure that all children have access to the care they need and deserve.
Developing our service model will be a staged process,
taking into account current opportunities to embed
mental health promotion activities within a broader
strategic agenda for chronic disease prevention.
Common risk and protective factors (eg. participation
in physical activity) and common target groups
and settings (healthy children, workplaces, and
communities) create strong links between these two
outcome areas. Strategies to be implemented under
Strategic Directions for Chronic Disease Prevention
2009–2012 will support the promotion of positive
Health Disparities Across the continent, significant health disparities exist. In Canada,
Aboriginal children rank with many children in the developing world on several key indicators,
including infant mortality and injury deaths. In Mexico, children living in rural and indigenous
communities experience worse health outcomes than those who live in cities. And, in the United
States, children of color suffer poorer health on a number of indicators.
Children’s health and security demand our attention.
This guideline makes recommendations on best practice in the recognition and management
of meningococcal disease in children and young people up to 16 years of age. It addresses the
patient journey through pre-hospital care, referral, diagnostic testing, disease management,
follow-up care and rehabilitation and considers public health issues. The guideline will be of
interest to healthcare professionals, parents and carers who are involved in the diagnosis and
management of children and young people with suspected or confirmed meningococcal disease.
Explain to parents that washing or rinsing soiled diapers and clothing increases the chances that
you and the children may be exposed to germs that cause diseases. Although receiving soiled
clothes is not pleasant, remind parents that this policy protects the health of all children and
providers. Each item of sleep equipment, including cribs, cots, mattresses, blankets, sheets, etc.,
should be cleaned and sanitized before being assigned to a specific child. The bedding items should
be labeled with that child's name, and should only be used by that child.
Pesticide risk assessments cover all endpoints of concern. OPP updates risk assessment
methods as science evolves or new information becomes available, and has worked to
improve protection of children’s health. There has been an increased emphasis on toxic
effects unique to children. OPP requires advanced toxicity testing to assess possible effects
on the fetus and developing young, including developmental neurotoxicity and reproductive
Effective implementation of regulatory decisions relies on a strong regulatory framework,
including clear, focused, and effective rules, regulations, and policies. Development and
communication of these documents are crucial in educating pesticide registrants and users
and changing behavior in a manner that promotes the safe use of pesticides. Many of the
actions outlined in the risk assessment and risk management section were implemented by
developing rules and regulations.
this is a promising time to be working on ensuring
the care of mothers and newborns. the global health
community has at its disposal a range of cost-effective,
proven solutions that can halt the majority of conditions
causing maternal and neonatal deaths.
1, 2, 3, 4
antibiotics for infections, sterile blades to cut umbilical
cords, misoprostol and oxytocin for preventing and
treating postpartum hemorrhage, and teaching mothers
the importance of immediate, exclusive breastfeeding and
skin-to-skin contact to keep their babies warm.