This book is an attempt to bring together experts in their respective
fields to place in one volume, for the first time, a comprehensive
examination of normal birth practice. A glance through the Contents
pages will reveal the variety of perspectives included here. Soo and I
wanted to capture, as far as we could, a holistic overview of the current
state of knowledge and skills in the wonderful complexity of labour
In some countries, adolescents are less likely than adults to obtain skilled care
before, during and after childbirth.
WHO’s recommendations for increasing the use of skilled antenatal, childbirth and postpartum care are informed
by one graded study, one ungraded study, existing WHO guidelines and the collective experience and judgment of a
panel of experts. The studies were conducted in Chile and India. One intervention was a home visit programme for
adolescent mothers. Another was a cash transfer scheme contingent upon health facility births.
The World Health Organization reported that regardless of promises of better healthcare by
governments and donor countries, millions of mothers, newborn babies and children continue
to die each year in Africa from preventable diseases. The WHO further observed that some of
the continent's biggest problems are getting worse and the rates of death during childbirth and
among young children are increasing (WHO, 2006). The Asian countries are no exception.
Most of them are also facing a number of health education challenges like Africa. Bandara
The first edition of this book (Watson, 1995) was a landmark in the sense
that it was the first textbook to deal exclusively with the issue of accountability
in nursing. The present edition has similarities to and differences from
the first edition. The similarities are necessary in order to provide continuity
and are represented by some of the original authors being involved. The
differences are essential and are represented by some additional authors and
also by developments in some of the original chapters....
Parents and children need a framework for care which provides
continuity from pre-pregnancy, through pregnancy and childbirth, to
the early years of life. A comprehensive approach to early life is needed
which builds on existing programmes to ensure our children get the
best start in life8. Midwives have a key role in ensuring that their
contribution integrates with the roles of other professionals and
agencies working in collaboration with maternity services.