This book presents a collection of recent and extended academic works in selected topics of biomedical technology, biomedical instrumentations, biomedical signal processing and bio-imaging. This wide range of topics provide a valuable update to researchers in the multidisciplinary area of biomedical engineering and an interesting introduction for engineers new to the area. The techniques covered include modelling, experimentation and discussion with the application areas ranging from bio-sensors development to neurophysiology, telemedicine and biomedical signal classification....
Tham khảo sách 'biomems and biomedical nanotechnology - volume ii micro/nano technology for genomics and proteomics', giáo dục - đào tạo, cao đẳng - đại học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Tham khảo tài liệu 'turning and chip-breaking technology machines are the produce of the mind of man', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Chip Firing Games on (directed) graph are widely used in theoretical computer science and many other sciences. In this model, chips are ﬁred from one vertex to all of its neighbors at the same time. The purpose of our paper is to study an extended version of this model, the Conﬂicting Chip Firing Game, by considering that chips can be ﬁred from one vertex to one of its neighbors at each time. Our main results are obtained when the support graph of this game is a rooted tree. we show
Every year, millions of miccroprocessor and microcontroller chips are sold as CPUs for general purpose computers, such as PCs or workstations, but also for devices that are not primarily used as computers,...
Single processor supercomputers have achieved great speeds and have been pushing
hardware technology to the physical limit of chip manufacturing. But soon this trend
will come to an end, because there are physical and architectural bounds, which limit
the computational power that can be achieved with a single processor system. In this
book, we study advanced computer architectures that utilize parallelism via multiple
Computers now form an integral part of most real-time control systems.With the advent of the
microprocessors and microcontrollers in the last few decades the use of computers in control
applications has been ever growing. Microcontrollers are single-chip computers which can be
used to control real-time systems. Such controllers are also referred to as embedded real-time
computers. These devices are low-cost, single-chip and easy to program.
This book is about the structure and function of computers. Its purpose is to present, as
clearly and completely as possible, the nature and characteristics of modern-day computers.
This task is a challenging one for two reasons.
First, there is a tremendous variety of products, from single-chip microcomputers
costing a few dollars to supercomputers costing tens of millions of dollars, that can
rightly claim the name computer.Variety is exhibited not only in cost, but also in size,
performance, and application.
The revisions required in the second edition of this book are mainly due to the rapid development of microcontroller technology. As the PIC family of devices has grown, more features have been incorporated at lower cost. So, while the focus of the first edition was the popular 16F84 chip, and this remains a valuable reference point for the beginner, the scope has been expanded so that a broader understanding of the range microcontroller types and applications can be gained.
The miniaturization and performance improvement in semiconductor devices and
integrated circuits (ICs) are expected to continue through leveraging of nanotechnologies and
nanomaterials. This evolution should accelerate the System-on-a-Chip (SoC) trend, i.e., singlechip
integration of multifunctional, mixed-signal electronic components, toward realizing
embedded nanoelectronic systems.
This book provides some recent advances in design nanometer VLSI chips. The selected topics try to present some open problems and challenges with important topics ranging from design tools, new post-silicon devices, GPU-based parallel computing, emerging 3D integration, and antenna design.
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The process of integrated circuits (IC) started its era of very-large-scale integration (VLSI)
in 1970’s when thousands of transistors were integrated into a single chip. Since then,
the transistors counts and clock frequencies of state-of-art chips have grown by orders of
magnitude. Nowadays we are able to integrate more than a billion transistors into a single
device. However, the term “VLSI” remains being commonly used, despite of some effort to
coin a new term ultralarge- scale integration (ULSI) for finer distinctions many years ago.
In the past few years we have observed an interesting mutual interest of
two fields of research and development in each other. Life sciences area
researchers discovered the opportunities offered my micro- and
nanotechnology, while people from the microfluidics and BIOMEMS area
discovered the application potential of these technologies in cell biology.
Unfortunately, these two research communities share little in common: they
read and publish in different scientific journals, have incompatible jargons,
attend separate conferences, and have a different scientific approach and
A Brief History
1958: First integrated circuit – Flip-flop using two transistors – Built by Jack Kilby at Texas Instruments 2010 – Intel Core i7 µprocessor • 2.3 billion transistors – 64 Gb Flash memory • 16 billion transistors
53% compound annual growth rate over 50 years – No other technology has grown so fast so long Driven by miniaturization of transistors – Smaller is cheaper, faster, lower in power! – Revolutionary effects on society
1019 transistors manufactured in 2008 – 1 billion for every human on the planet...