Chronic kidney treatment

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  • National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI™) did you know that the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney disease outcomes Quality initiative (KdoQi™) develops guidelines that help your doctor and health care team make important decisions about your medical treatment? the information in this booklet is based on the National Kidney Foundation's KdoQi™ recommended guidelines for diabetes, and it's very important for you to know. What is your stage of kidney disease? there are five stages of kidney disease. they are shown in the table below.

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  • The Royal College of Physicians plays a leading role in the delivery of high-quality patient care by setting standards of medical practice and promoting clinical excellence. We provide physicians in the United Kingdom and overseas with education, training and support throughout their careers. As an independent body representing over 20,000 Fellows and Members worldwide, we advise and work with government, the public, patients and other professions to improve health and healthcare.

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  • The quality and scientific preciseness of the authors coming from several countries, does much to give strength to the whole book, especially as it reflects local and regional realities that characterize the diversity of expression allergic. In fact, the etiology and clinical response of allergic patient is very different, depending on the location, habits, socio-economic conditions and even the specific interests of key lines of investigation developed that the authors have incorporated into the chapters, but always guided by higher values of accuracy....

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  • Glomerulonephritis is a major cause of chronic kidney disease worldwide and presents with various histological and clinical manifestations in terms of severity and duration, resulting in diverse clinical outcomes. Immune-mediated injury of the resident glomerular cells plays a critical role in many forms of glomerular injury and mounting evidence indicates that both humoral and cell-mediated mechanisms are involved.

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  • The most important treatment of acute rheumatic fever is prevention, associated with improvements in socioeconomic conditions. Once acute rheumatic fever has occurred, treatment includes penicillin to eradicate the streptococcal infection, high dose aspirin as an anti-inflammatory drug, or steroids if the cardiac disease is severe. Heart failure is treated with diuretics, and urgent heart valve replacement may occasionally be required.

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  • An unusually large number of people sickened by a disease in a certain place and time is known as a ‘disease cluster’. Clusters of cancer, birth defects, and other chronic illnesses have sometimes been linked to chemicals or other toxic pollutants in local communities, although these links can be controversial. There is a need for better documentation and investigation of disease clusters to identify and address possible causes.

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  • CKD in children is the result of heterogeneous  diseases  of  the  kidney  and  urinary  tract  that  range from common congenital malformations  of  the  urinary  tract,  to  rare  inborn  errors  of  metabolism that affect kidney  function[1] . CKD  is  an  irreversible  condition  that  eventually  progresses  to end stage renal disease  (ESRD).  It is an important cause of morbidity and  mortality in children worldwide [2,3] .

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  • I have been involved in the treatment of chronic renal insuffi ciency for 40 years, beginning with peritoneal dialysis immediately after graduation from medical school in 1965, then with hemodialysis in 1967 after I fi rst experienced it in Kanazawa, and with renal transplantation since 1972, when I was studying in the United States. During this period, the number of dialysis patients has continued to increase rapidly to the present fi gure of 257 765 (at the end of 2005), and with surprising increases in the survival rate.

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  • The book Renal Failure – The Facts consists of some facts about diagnosis, etiopathogenis and treatment of acute and chronic renal failure. Acute, as well as chronic renal failure is great medical problems and their treatment is a burden for the budget of each government. Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously termed acute renal failure, is a frequent clinical condition in critically ill patients especially, in intensive care units (ICU). Its incidence varies from 1-7 % of all hospitalized patients to 30-50 % of patients in ICU....

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  • Plagemann et al. Health Economics Review 2011, 1:1 http://www.healtheconomicsreview.com/content/1/1/1 REVIEW Open Access Considerations about the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of therapies in the treatment of hyperphosphataemia Thomas Plagemann1, Anne Prenzler2* and Thomas Mittendorf1 Abstract Because of an elevated serum phosphate level, patients who suffer from chronic kidney failure frequently tend to have cardiovascular calcification and are therefore exposed to a higher probability of a fatal event. Phosphate binders are able to reduce these negative effects.

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  • An additional factor for lack of better therapeutic choices is the lack of suitable animal models to replicate human glomerular injury in order to develop and test novel treatment strategies. There are three detailed chapters that exemplify the recent advances in using animal models to explore the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis. Immunopathogenic mechanisms in a murine model of membranous nephropathy are discussed by Chia-Chao Wu et al., while autoimmune glomerulonephritis complicating chronic graft versus host reaction was discussed by Elena Goiman et al....

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  • Complications occur in 3% to33% of patients with renal trauma and include urinary extravasation with urinoma , infected urinoma, perinephric abcess, secondary hemorrhage secondary to a rupture of arteriovenous fistula or pseudoaneurysm. Late or delayed complications of renal trauma develop more than 4 weeks after injury and include hypertension, hydronephrosis, calculus formation, and chronic pyelonephritis, arterioveinous fistula.

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  • The official definition of poverty for the U.S. population uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and SNAP). The definition is based roughly on historical estimates of the portion of an average household’s income required to purchase a “minimally nutritious diet” (about 30% in the early 1960s).

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  • In health care practice outside the hospital, about 80% of the diseases treated are chronic. Although much of the treatment is remarkably efficient as a result of, inter alia, medical research, its quality is often far from satisfactory. Many patients do not comply* with instructions; fewer than 50% follow their treatment correctly. It has been observed that patients are inadequately informed about their condition and that few have been helped to manage or take responsibility for their treat- ment.

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  • Health care providers* tend to talk to patients about their disease rather than train them in the daily management* of their condition. Therapeutic patient education* is designed therefore to train patients in the skills* of self-managing or adapting treatment to their particular chronic disease*, and in coping* processes and skills*. It should also contribute to reducing the cost* of long-term care to patients and to society.

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  • In spite of remarkable progress in drug therapy, childhood and adolescent epilepsy is often a distressing condition lasting several years before possible recovery. Adaptation problems to the disease and also to health recovery are likely to occur. Stigma and discrimination may persist also after recovery. 11,12 Depression in children and adolescents with epilepsy is a common but often unrecognized disorder. Both epilepsy and depression are characterized by a chronic course and poor long- term psychosocial outcome.

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  • Patients with kidney disease may present with abnormal urinary findings. A carefully performed urinalysis using physical, chemical, and microscopic examination is an easy and informative tool to the practicing physician [4]. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a urinalysis as a part of preventive pediatric health care at age 5 years and mid-adolescence [5]. An abnormal urinalysismay be the only presenting sign of chronic GN. The most common urinary abnormalities are hematuria and proteinuria. Hematuria may be gross or microscopic, discovered during a routine urinalysis.

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  • The book Renal Failure – The Facts consists of some facts about diagnosis, etiopathogenis and treatment of acute and chronic renal failure. Acute, as well as chronic renal failure is great medical problems and their treatment is a burden for the budget of each government. Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously termed acute renal failure, is a frequent clinical condition in critically ill patients especially, in intensive care units (ICU). Its incidence varies from 1-7 % of all hospitalized patients to 30-50 % of patients in ICU.

    pdf280p bachduong1311 10-12-2012 8 1   Download

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