More than two thousand years ago, at a time when the people in the British Isles and in most parts of Western
Europe were living the lives of savages, occupied in fighting, hunting, and fishing, dwelling in rude huts, clad
in skins, ignorant of everything that we call civilization, Rome was the centre of a world in many ways as
civilized as ours is now, over which the Roman people ruled. The men who dwelt in this one city, built on
seven hills on the banks of the river Tiber, gradually conquered all Italy. Then they became masters of the
lands round the Mediterranean Sea:...