1. Defining Clauses
The scientists has won the Nobel prize. They discovered a new planet
-The scientists who discovered a new planet has won the Nobel prize
The old castle was really interesting, we visited it.
-The old castle which we visited was really interesting.
In English, an –ing clause is a clause (that is, a part of a sentence) that we use when
we want to mention two actions which happen at the same time, or when one action
happens before or after the other. These clauses are useful because they allow us to
make our sentences much shorter than they would otherwise be. For example: instead
of writing ‘Hugh was walking his dog and smoking a cigarette at the same time’, the -
ing clause lets us write ‘Hugh was walking his dog, smoking a cigarette’....
Unit 9 "Relative clauses" give you the knowledge and training questions to help you strengthen their knowledge and become familiar with the form of exercises. Hopefully content helps your document achieve good results in the upcoming English exam.
Giới thiệu chung: Umbrella Clause hay còn gọi là “điều khoản bao trùm” được xem là một điều khoản quan trọng điều chỉnh sự thi hành nghĩa vụ của các bên liên quan trong hợp đồng, nó xuất hiện rất nhiều trong các BIT và trong Hiệp định khung về năng lượng (Energy Charter Treaty ECT).
Relative clause is one of the important parts of knowledge which has been using in the GCSE and the entrace exams. To do relative clause Tests well, students have to make sure of the main points related to relative pronouns and relative clause in English. Therefore I choose the topic "Relative clause and applying excercises" which is my teaching experience initiative.
A computer grammar is described which includes most of the English relative-clause constructions. It is written in the form of a left-to-right phrase-structure grammar with discontinuous constituents and subscripts, which carry such syntactic restrictions as number and verb government category.
In Sayeed and Szpakowicz (2004), we proposed a parser inspired by some aspects of the Minimalist Program. This incremental parser was designed speciﬁcally to handle discontinuous constituency phenomena for NPs in Latin. We take a look at the application of this parser to a speciﬁc kind of apparent island violation in Latin involving the extraction of constituents, including subjects, from tensed embedded clauses. We make use of ideas about the left periphery from Rizzi (1997) to modify our parser in order to handle apparently violated subject islands and similar phenomena. ...
This paper describes an approach to identifying the syntactic role of an antecedent in a Korean relative clause, which is essential to structural disambiguation and semantic analysis. In a learning phase, linguistic knowledge such as conceptual co-occurrence patterns and syntactic role distribution of antecedents is extracted from a large-scale corpus. Then, in an application phase, the extracted knowledge is applied in determining the correct syntactic role of an antecedent in relative clauses.
This paper describes a method for recognizing coherence relations between clauses which are linked by te in Japanese - - a translational equivalent of English and. We consider that the coherence relations are categories each of which has a prototype structure as well as the relationships among them. By utilizing this organization of the relations, we can infer an appropriate relation from the semantic structures of the clauses between which that relation holds. We carried out an experiment and obtained the correct recognition ratio of 82% for the 280 sentences. ...
We perform a linguistic analysis of documents during indexing for information retrieval. By eliminating index terms that occur only in subordinate clauses, index size is reduced by approximately 30% without adversely affecting precision or recall. These results hold for two corpora: a sample of the world wide web and an electronic encyclopedia.
Mệnh đề chỉ thời gian và câu điều kiện là một trong những kiến thức trọng tâm của ngữ pháp tiếng Anh. Và để bổ sung thêm kiến thức lý thuyết cũng như rèn luyện khả năng làm bài tập về mệnh đề chỉ thời gian và câu điều kiện mời các bạn tham khảo tài liệu Time clause and first conditional sentence sau đây.
Spoken monologues feature greater sentence length and structural complexity than do spoken dialogues. To achieve high parsing performance for spoken monologues, it could prove effective to simplify the structure by dividing a sentence into suitable language units. This paper proposes a method for dependency parsing of Japanese monologues based on sentence segmentation. In this method, the dependency parsing is executed in two stages: at the clause level and the sentence level.