The book deals with the MOS Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) models that are derived from basic semiconductor theory. Various models are developed, ranging from simple to more sophisticated models that take into account new physical effects observed in submicron transistors used in today's (1993) MOS VLSI technology. The assumptions used to arrive at the models are emphasized so that the accuracy of the models in describing the device characteristics are clearly understood. Due to the importance of designing reliable circuits, device reliability models are also covered.
All projects are subject to limitations and constraints as they must be within scope and adhere to
budget, scheduling, and resource requirements. Project planning and documentation are no
exception to this rule. There may also be legislative, regulatory, technology, or organizational
policy requirements which must be followed as part of communications management. These
constraints must be clearly understood and communicated to all stakeholders.
The position taken by the writer of this volume should be clearly understood. It is not the view known as
antivivisection, so far as this means the condemnation without exception of all phases of biological
investigation. There are methods of research which involve no animal suffering, and which are of scientific
utility. Within certain careful limitations, these would seem justifiable.
This paper doesn’t outline how to measure and report social sustainability. This task has
already been undertaken by the author and presented elsewhere (see Kimmet and Wikstrom
2005). The much less ambitious objective of shoring up the case for such measurement
frameworks is all that’s attempted here. Arguably though, this is at least as important as how
to do it, given that many real estate investors will want to evaluate potential investments in
their own way once it is clearly understood what social sustainability is, and why it should be
The logframe is the main output of the LFA. Before describing the
logframe in detail, however, it is worth making a cautionary note.
The logframe, for all its advantages when clearly understood and
professionally applied, provides no magic solution to identifying or
designing good projects. The principle of ‘garbage in, garbage out’
can apply to the logframe if it is used mechanistically. When used
properly the logframe helps to make the logical relationships between
activities, results, purpose and objectives more transparent, at least to
the informed user....
The efficacy of a screen-and-treat program is influenced not only by accuracy of the screening test but also by
the ability of the treatment, in this case cryotherapy, to eliminate CIN2+ lesions identified by screening. While
cryotherapy was highly successful in this trial, eliminating 75 to 77 percent of CIN2+ lesions, this was lower than
previously reported 85 to 90 percent cure rates for clinical trials in developed countries and for less rigorous
studies in developing regions.
Soybean 4-kDa peptide, a hormone-like peptide, is a ligand
for the 43-kDaprotein in legumes that functions as aprotein
kinase and controls cell proliferation and differentiation. As
this peptide stimulates proteinkinase activity, the interaction
between the 4-kDa peptide (leginsulin) and the 43-kDa
protein is considered important for signal transduction.
However, the mechanism of interaction between the 4-kDa
peptide and the 43-kDa protein is not clearly understood.
Technical writing requires clarity of expression and therefore simplicity of language. Technical
writing is intent on expressing certain key concepts so that these may be understood as easily as
possibly by the intended readers — be they programmers or users. Writing in a clear, concise
manner makes not only understanding the text easier for the reader, it also makes your life as a
writer of technical documentation easier — especially when you are not a native speaker of English.
The most powerful and the most perfect expression of thought and feeling through the
medium of oral language must be traced to the mastery of words. Nothing is better suited to
lead speakers and readers of English into an easy control of this language than the command
of the phrase that perfectly expresses the thought. Every speaker‟s aim is to be heard and
understood. A clear, crisp articulation holds an audience as by the spell of some irresistible
The fundamental aim of this book is to provide:
(a) easily understood—yet comprehensive—tools to recognize and learn the
patterns that govern the large majority of “irregular”verbs in French; and
(b) clear and systematic illustrations of the use of all the principal French verb
forms, with particular emphasis on the subjunctive.
However, English Pronunciation Made Simple may also be
used independently by students who want to be better understood in
English. Presented in clear, easy-to-understand terms, the material in this
book is accompanied by an £udio program that enables students to maximize
their learning outside of the classroom.
In instructional materials, the term simple is often tossed around loosely.
Sometimes it may mean that fewer equations are used than in a typical textbook
or paper. Other times, it may mean that the subject is easily understood
by the author. But what does simple really mean? If you looked up the term in
a dictionary, you might find this definition: “not complex or complicated;
easily understood; intelligible, clear.”
Midwives are autonomous professionals whose unique
and specialist contribution affects the whole population:
each of us at the time of birth, the great majority of people
who become parents and the half of these who become
mothers. Women and their families expect a service that
provides clear communication and explanations, effective
teamwork, a safe care environment and continuity of care.
The midwife’s role is to ensure that these expectations are
understood and met.
This book began as a collection of articles on neuropsychiatric disease, but with a clear
focus on Schizophrenia, which is a poorly understood but very disabling group of
brain disorders. We now recognize schizophrenia as a disorder of the brain, but
despite advances in treatment options we are still a long way from having effective
treatments, particularly for cognitive symptoms, and lack effective interventions and
ways to prevent this disease.
» Clear communication facilitates effective risk management. Establishing clear and open
lines of communication among interested parties across an organization helps ensure
that certain risks do not fall through the cracks and that data and information flowing
between business units (including, where relevant, external service providers such as the
custodian, fund accountant, and transfer agent) are understood by all to mean the same
» Organizational structures and policies themselves can serve as risk controls.
3 Ecosystems have ontic openness
3.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter’s title may mean little to many persons, yet the essence may be understood fairly easily on an intuitive basis. The adjective “ontic”, which hardly appears in any dictionary, clearly relates to the term ontology, which is used in philosophy in its widest sense
The medical consequences of
operating outside of the normal boundaries of a well tuned musculo-tendinous system are
also poorly understood, although clearly recognized in the persistent atrophy experienced
in microgravity despite rigorous exercise programs.
Muscle force generation is length and velocity sensitive. The process is repetitive in the
sense that muscles will always generate force based on their length-tension and forcevelocity
properties, causing tendon deformation.
The purpose of this book is to teach you the syntax and semantics of the C# programming language in as
clear a manner as possible. C# is a wonderful programming language! I love coding in it. I don’t know
how many programming languages I’ve learned over the years, but C# is by far my favorite. I hope that
by using this book, you can gain an appreciation for C#’s beauty and elegance.
Most books teach programming primarily using text.
Public health is emerging as one of the most important drivers
in midwifery, and yet there are few textbooks that address the
midwife’s role in public health.
This book summarises the important developments in public
health over recent years and will relate the recommendations to
midwifery practice in a clear and easily understood manner. It
highlights issues around health inequalities pertinent to maternity
services and promotes individualised, non-judgmental approaches
Three distinct sequential cellular responses characterise the reaction of the adult
spinal cord and brain to injury. An acute
after wounding, in which haematogenous cells flood the lesion site. This is followed
during which macrophages clear necrotic debris, glial cell
reactions are mobilised, the clot becomes organised, and scarring is initiated. Finally,
the scar tissue contracts during a