Almost since their inception, the natural sciences, those fields that use the scientific
method to study nature, have been divided into two branches: the biological
sciences and the physical sciences. In part, this division can be viewed as a convenient
social contrivance. However, over time it has also served more functional
purposes. Physical scientists, when seeking the fundamental laws, have found it
necessary to focus on the simplest of systems—elementary particles, atoms, and
molecules—items clearly not alive.
Global warming is the rising average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation. Since the early 20th century, Earth's average surface temperature has increased by about 0.8 °C, with about two thirds of the increase occurring since 1980. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and scientists are more than 90% certain that most of it is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels.
The idea for this book arose during the planning phases of an International Conference
in Edmonton, Canada in July 2004 entitled “The Science of Changing Climates
— Impacts on Agriculture, Forestry and Wetlands.” The conference was organized
jointly by the Canadian Societies of Animal Science, Plant Science and Soil Science
with support from Natural Resources Canada/Canadian Forest Service because they
saw climate change as one of the most serious environmental problems facing the
The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.
Australia is founding its future on science and innovation. Its national science agency, CSIRO, is a
powerhouse of ideas, technologies and skills.
CSIRO initiated the National Research Flagships to address Australia’s major research challenges
and opportunities. They apply large scale, long term, multidisciplinary science and aim for widespread
adoption of solutions. The Flagship Collaboration Fund supports the best and brightest researchers to
address these complex challenges through partnerships between CSIRO, universities, research
agencies and industry....
Congratulations! You are reading a book about a technology that has changed the way we think
about energy. Photovoltaics (or PV) is an empowering technology that has shown that it can
generate electricity for the human race for a wide range of applications, scales, climates, and
When I began my professional career at the University of
Nebraska–Lincoln in 1979, I intended to direct my research and
outreach program at the emerging field of climate impact science.
It was fortuitous that a large portion of the United States, including
the Great Plains, Upper Midwest, and Pacific Northwest, had
recently come out of an intense but somewhat short-lived drought
This publication is designed to help small- and medium-sized businesses in
Canada understand the potential impacts of climate change on their operations,
learn how to assess and manage the risks and opportunities posed by climate
change, and decide how to take action to both reduce their contribution to
climate change and lower their energy costs. Business owners need to know
which risks from climate change are most relevant to them so that they can
Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht
University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’,
with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from
several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was
intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental
Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As
the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to
anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse
This book is an attempt to situate archaeology within the domain of contemporary
human affairs, and to forge a new methodology for coping with environmental
problems from an archaeological perspective. From this perspective, the papers
included in this volume highlight the aspects of the historical relationships
between people and climatic change that are potentially useful in coping with
current climatic fluctuations.
The government is taking the lead by developing a
management plan for the northeast region of Alberta.
This plan will look beyond oil sands development on a
project-by-project basis by addressing the cumulative
effects of development.
This approach enables responsible resource development
that incorporates creative and innovative solutions to secure
economic prosperity, while maintaining the province’s
commitment to environmental protection and stewardship.
Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science is
part of an evolving body of work being conducted by scientists and research
sponsors interested in ensuring the quality control of oceanographic
data. Chemical data collected during ongoing and future global
oceanographic studies and time-series efforts must be comparable over
time and among laboratories.
By 2050, Chinese and global agriculture are expected to enter a new
era of development. Global population increase and economic development,
particularly in developing countries, will lead to greater human demand for food
and fiber. The demand for multifunctional agriculture will also increase as the
worsening global energy crisis induces the rise of the biomass energy industry.
Demand growth, diversification and market expansion provide unlimited
reverie for the future development of agriculture.
Space research is one of the most evocative and challenging fields of human endeavour.
In the half-century that has elapsed since the beginning of the space age, we
have been exposed to wonders beyond the imagination of even the most visionary of
science fiction writers. We have peered deep into the Universe and studied physics
that we can never duplicate on the Earth. We have begun to understand our own
Sun, and the flow of energy outward through the Solar System that is fundamental
to our existence.
SWAT model was used to assess the impacts of climate change on the streamflow of Ben Hai River Basin. The daily streamflow for 1979 - 1996 and 1997 - 2006 was used to calibrate and validate the SWAT model, respectively. Nash efficiency values for the daily comparison were 0.72 for the calibration period and 0.74 for the validation period. Three scenarios were analyzed relative to the baseli ne with 28-year time series. A doubling of the atmospheric C02 content to 660 ppm (while holding other climatic variables) resulted in a 7.
In the framework of the program "Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network" funded by Rockefeller Foundation, Vietnam Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environment carried out this study with the aim to strongly support the development of action plan to respond to climate change for Quy Nhon city. The study developed climate change (temperature and rainfall) and sea level rise scenarios corresponding to some key emission scenarios, namely A1FI, A2 and B2. Impacts of climate change on main sectors such as water resources, agriculture and tourism were also assessed.
More and more evidence of global climate warming, sea level rise, droughts, floods and climate extremes are recorded. In Vietnam, the manifestation of climate change (CC) is often considered as changing the level and trend of variation of main climatic elements and sea level. However, Vietnam climate influenced by the characteristics of atmospheric circulation in the Earth climate system.
Climate change (CC) is a global problem that not only affects the developed countries but also the developing ones as Vietnam. With a coastal line of approximately 3,260 km, Vietnam is expected to be affected considerably by climate change including salinity intrusion. Through the assessment of impacts of climate change on water resource in Hong-Thai Binh and Dong Nai river basins which located in two key economic zones, in the paper a general picture of impacts of climate change on salinity intrusion in Vietnam is presented, where MIKE 11 was used for Hong – Thai Binh basin and HydroGIS...