as mentioned, sexual and reproductive health is a
unique sub-sector, due to its close association with
important and sensitive socio-cultural factors and
gender roles which define and prescribe appropriate
opportunities and avenues of action. the field is
uniquely sensitive and therefore must involve explicit
exploration across all areas of activity of some critical
cross cutting issues – among them gender, adolescent
health, sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDs.
The first symptoms of this disease are usually a low back pain with its peak at night and in
the morning and morning stiffness, which can last for hours. Both symptoms get better with
exercise, back pain can worsen with inactivity. Some patients show only a partial
involvement of the spine, in others the whole spine is involved. The physician always
should examine the patient´s back by patting it gently with one fist, starting at the cervical
spine all the way down to the sacrum, asking the patient, if and which part of the spine is
painful during this...
Peaks in the financial cycle are closely associated with systemic banking crises (henceforth
“financial crises” for short). In the sample of seven industrialised countries noted above, all
the financial crises with domestic origin (ie, those that do not stem from losses on cross-
border exposures) occur at, or close to, the peak of the financial cycle. And the financial
crises that occur away from peaks in domestic financial cycles reflect losses on exposures to
foreign such cycles. Typical examples are the banking strains in Germany and Switzerland
When retrograde dissociative amnesia is accompanied by suddenly leaving the customary
environment and compromised knowledge about personal identity – the condition is named
dissociative fugue. Fugues have been reported for over a century, though they were
frequently erroneously associated with epilepsy (e.g., Burgl, 1900; Donath, 1899). A century
ago, these conditions were named Wanderlust in Germany (cf e.g. Burgl, 1900). Fugue states
were described to be preponderant in children and young adults (Dana, 1894; Donath, 1908).
Women’s nutritional conditions differ widely among and within countries. Such conditions
are worst in the less-developed regions and countries of the world, where poverty, social
disparities, discrimination, and different kinds of malnutrition affect large populations.
Senator Long undoubtedly understood that once a provision is in the tax
code, it is likely to remain. Indeed, the EITC remained in the tax code each
subsequent year until it was made permanent in 1978. Legislation in 1978
also added a ﬂat range to the EITC’s phase-in and phaseout ranges, as
shown in ﬁgure 3.1.
An “advance payment” option was also added to the
credit in 1978, so that workers would be able, if they desired, to receive the
credit incrementally throughout the year.
Spending on the safety net slowed in the late 1970s and shrank in the
While reviews of aid effectiveness in Lao People’s Democratic Republic in 2008 and 2009 showed
little progress, one positive, concrete example has been the harmonization of key donors around the
implementation of the maternal and newborn child health package (MNCH).
The development of Understanding Research in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
is the result of our experiences teaching and working with students in
professional psychology over many years. Although virtually all graduate programs
require a course on research, the basis for that requirement is often shrouded
in mystery for many students. Students enter their graduate training with the admirable
ambition of learning skills important for assisting clients to make changes.
Consider my parents. My mother did not know any geomorphology or
landscape ecology. Yet she enjoyed her familiar, Southern US rural land-
scapes. My father enjoyed the fertility of the soils in the Shenandoah Valley
in Virginia; he admired a good field. On visits around, he would take a spade
and turn the soil to see whether it might make a good garden. He always
knew what watershed he was in, what crops were growing where. He loved
a good rain. Both enjoyed the changing seasons, the dogwood and redbud in
the hills in the spring, the brilliant and subtle colours...
Their civil rights were disregarded; they were detained and forbidden to speak
German. Most had to work in labour camps in inhumane conditions. An estimated 700,000
Germans died due to bad working and living conditions and inadequate medical treatment.
In particular, the Stalinism destroyed the independent German culture in Russia. In 1955,
the discrimination was subsided, and the ethnic Germans were allowed to change their
residence, but not to their former colony areas. The Aussiedler became partly assimilated in
the last decades of the USSR....
For comparing Aussiedler incidence and mortality with the German/Saarland population,
indirect standardization was used. Compared to the method of direct standardization, the
indirect method is advantageous when the stratum-specific rates of one of the populations
to be compared are based on small numbers. In this case one can use the more stable rates of
the larger population for the indirect standardization, thus gaining robustness with regard
to sampling variation (Breslow and Day, 1987).
Around 70% of all agricultural land is used to grow crops for livestock, a result of an increase in meat
consumption (the average person in the UK now eats 79kg of meat per year). Agriculture on this scale
requires massive amounts of water, and accounts for 8% of the global water supply. If current
agricultural trends continue, the impacts will become more severe and increasingly unsustainable. This
will be exacerbated by population growth and demand for biofuels.
Legislators/regulators should keep in mind that market making is a substantial part
of the provision of financial products, like bonds (including governmental bonds), exchange traded
funds, or investment certificates. Therefore, it seems reasonable from an economic perspective that
these activities remain linked to the deposit taking activities. Due to their branch networks and other
distribution channels, deposit taking banks are the main distributors of such financial instruments
throughout the European Union.
This upcoming two year masters program aims to
promote health systems and public health research
and implementing solutions in institutional and
fi eld settings. It will prepare health professionals to
work in socially, culturally and economically diverse
populations by being attentive to needs of vulnerable
and disadvantaged groups. It will work towards
imparting qualities of leadership among public health
professionals and eff ectively use communication skills
for health advocacy.
The decision to increase the role of stock market was taken, as a part of the
‘shock therapy’, without adequate preparation or understanding of the behaviour of
the financial sector and of the major players -- intermediaries, promoters, investors
and the regulators – in a country like India, and even ignoring the experience of the
1980s when initially the stock market was given a major push. The gates were
thrown wide open as it were.
The Institutional System of Protection (ISP), established by Decree-law 6/2010 offers an
effective instrument to bring together a group of credit entities in order to pool their risk
management strategies and develop risk sharing strategies. In the special case of saving
banks, this system is organised around a central entity in the form of a commercial bank
which will pool their risk management strategies, risk sharing and will have full access to
financial markets, including raising capital. Thus, the ISP increases the ability to access
markets in order to obtain equity.
In recent years, the business implications of climate change have gained considerable
recognition among companies and investors. However, much of this attention has focused
on energy policy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while neglecting the implications of
changing precipitation patterns and resulting water scarcity and water quality risks.
This report provides sound evidence that urban areas are being exposed increasingly to
pests and (through them) to pest-related diseases. This multi-faceted problem of increa-
sing exposure entails environmental, structural, institutional, regulative, managerial,
financial, scientific and climatic aspects. Solutions that will better protect public health,
by implementing improved pest and pest-related disease management, have been iden-
As part of our clinical and research activities in neurology and psychiatry,
we had the chance to examine hundreds of patients with Parkinson’s disease
(PD). The Movement Disorders Unit kept us abreast of the new developments
in the management of the clinical complications of PD, and made us
aware of the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive complications of the
disease. These problems have been speciWcally studied at the Departments
of Neuropsychiatry of our Institutes, where we carry out most of our clinical
and research activities in the interface between neurology and psychiatry....