Xem 1-20 trên 75 kết quả Clinical literature
  • Clinical Practice Guidelines According to the 1990 Institute of Medicine definition, clinical practice guidelines are "systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances." This definition provides emphasis to several crucial features of modern guideline development. First, guidelines are created using the tools of EBM. In particular, the core of the development process is a systematic literature search followed by a review of the relevant peer-reviewed literature.

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  • This book is intended to bring solution protein chemistry to proteomic technology and to provide a different perspective from other review works. Proteomics, while a diffuse area, is an extension of classical protein chemistry largely driven by major advances in the analytical capability of mass spectrometry. The content assembles together some disparate areas into a single volume. The author has also tried to use as much classical protein chemistry literature as possible as this serves as the intellectual basis for proteomics.

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  • Evidence-Based Medicine The "art of medicine" is traditionally defined as a practice combining medical knowledge (including scientific evidence), intuition, and judgment in the care of patients (Chap. 1). Evidence-based medicine (EBM) updates this construct by placing a much-greater emphasis on the processes by which the clinician gains knowledge of the most up-to-date and relevant clinical research. The key processes of EBM can be summarized in four steps: 1. Formulating the management question to be answered 2.

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  • The rate of technological progress is encouraging increasingly sophisticated lines of enquiry in cognitive neuroscience and shows no sign of slowing down in the foreseeable future. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that even the strongest advocates of the cognitive neuroscience approach would maintain that advances in cognitive theory have kept in step with methods-based developments. There are several candidate reasons for the failure of neuroimaging studies to convincingly resolve many of the most important theoretical debates in the literature.

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  • The STOP system, which generates personalised smoking-cessation letters, was evaluated by a randomised controlled clinical trial. We believe this is the largest and perhaps most rigorous task effectiveness evaluation ever performed on an NLG system. The detailed results of the clinical trial have been presented elsewhere, in the medical literature.

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  • The second chapter case study by Rosso et al. presents a medical survey that tests professional drivers for the presence of various psychoactive substances. Positives were identified by using a commercially available immunoassay rapid kit test which indicates consumption of psychoactive drugs. This is of interest and important since the dependence on drugs may pose a risk to drivers in their profession affecting their reaction time and driving judgment. This is one of the first and important contributions to the literature in this area.

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  • Morphogenesis, growth, and modeling of the skeletal system are dynamic processes, and the skeleton, once formed, is managed dynamically through remodeling. Attempts at consensus definitions and scripts for such processes will provoke heated debate, especially among the kinship of brothers who revere the skeleton. A review chapter of the likes conceived herein will provide grist for debate. This is good. Considerable information is available in the literature on bone morphogenesis, growth, modeling, and remodeling.

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  • There was a need to bring this information together in a single volume, as much of the key recent developments have been dispersed throughout the biomedical literature, largely in specialized journals. Since, as in the past, important developments in immunosuppressive therapy in one branch of medicine (i.e. transplantation) are likely to benefit another (e.g.

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  • The current arrangements for local audit, whereby a single organisation - the Audit Commission - is the regulator, commissioner and provider of local audit services are inefficient and unnecessarily centralised. The Audit Commission has increased the professionalism and the quality of local government audit, but, it has also become too focused on reporting to central Government and supporting the previous era of a target driven Government.

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  • Several attempts have been made to analyze the impacts of air pollution on wildlife . More recently, research for WWF has assessed the impacts on wildlife through a literature survey which identified effects on 1,300 species, including 11 mammals, 29 birds, 10 amphibians, 398 higher plants, 305 fungi, 238 lichens and 65 invertebrates, providing the most detailed survey to date 7 . In general, the studies have concentrated on either specific ecosystems, or individual groups of plants and animals.

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  • Webster's bibliographic and event-based timelines are comprehensive in scope, covering virtually all topics, geographic locations and people. They do so from a linguistic point of view, and in the case of this book, the focus is on "Advisor," including when used in literature (e.g. all authors that might have Advisor in their name).

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  • Webster's bibliographic and event-based timelines are comprehensive in scope, covering virtually all topics, geographic locations and people. They do so from a linguistic point of view, and in the case of this book, the focus is on "Advisor," including when used in literature (e.g. all authors that might have Advisor in their name).

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  • Since 1997, ophthalmic nursing and ophthalmic care practices have moved on in leaps and bounds. There have been several reasons for this including the government targets to bring down hospital waiting times, new approaches to patient management with a move away from inpatient care to mainly day case management and primary care settings. Ophthalmic nursing has been transformed by the involvement of others in ophthalmic nursing care such as clinical support workers, assistant practitioners and surgical care assistants.

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  • Our approach is motivated by the statistical finding that the market value of fixed income instruments exhibit a low-dimensional factor structure. Indeed, a large literature has documented that the prices of many types of bonds comove strongly, and that these common movements are summarized by a small number of factors. It follows that for any fixed income position, there is a portfolio in a few bonds that approximately replicates how the value of the position changes with innovations to the factors.

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  • Webster's bibliographic and event-based timelines are comprehensive in scope, covering virtually all topics, geographic locations and people. They do so from a linguistic point of view, and in the case of this book, the focus is on "Advisor," including when used in literature (e.g. all authors that might have Advisor in their name).

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  • We anticipate that this update will continue to raise awareness among clinicians and policymakers alike that low health literacy has a substantial impact on the use of health care services and health outcomes; it also hints at the role of health literacy in disparities in utilization or outcomes among groups defined by various sociodemographic characteristics. However, little remains known about the direct effect of lower health literacy on the costs of health care. Addressing the burden of low health literacy that we have identified warrants the attention of many stakeholders.

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  • The values indicated are mean values drawn from the literature. It should be noted that organ dimensions may vary substantially from one individual to the next. Generally the values are not correlated with age, height, or constitution and therefore should be treated as guidelines. Vascular dimensions refer to inside diameters.

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  • There are changes in the clinical presentation of the co-infected patient as compared to when each infection is present individually. There may be different symptoms and atypical signs. There may be decreased reliability of standard diagnostic tests, and most importantly, there is recognition that chronic, persistent forms of each of these infections do indeed exist. As time goes by, I am convinced that even more pathogens will be found.

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  • Vaginal pool smear: The aspiration can be performed after the introduction of unlubricated speculum. The technique allows collection of cells under direct vision from posterior fornix pool. When a speculum is not employed the pipette is gently introduced in to the vagina until resistance is encountered. It is important to compress the suction bulb during the introduction of the pipette to avoid collecting the cellular material of the lower vaginal origin. The cellular material is spread on a clean glass slide and fixed immediately.

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  • To date, there has been no explicitly systematic review of the available literature on this topic. In contrast to non-systematic reviews which can be biased and incomplete, the prime purpose of systematic reviews of literature is to provide a comprehensive display of all available evidence in a common format. Systematic reviews have clear principles for their conduct. First, the process of the review should be carried out according to a pre- specified method. Second, the proposed method should be open to public scrutiny and peer review.

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