Physiology plays a major role in the scientific foundation of medicine and other
subjects related to human health and physical performance. Pharmacology is the
science which deals with the effects of drugs on living systems and their use in the
treatment of disease. This book is designed to enhance students’ understanding of
physiology and pharmacology via a series of case studies involving human disease
and its treatment.
Traditional university teaching methods focus on informing students in terms of
physiological and pharmacological theory.
The clinical and basic science of allergic disease is moving and evolving so rapidly that
it is nearly impossible to keep up full of information regarding the news mechanisms,
signalling cell markers, cellular plasticity and expression, biological mediators targets
or molecular and genetic discovers aspects related to the allergy. Moreover the
systemic impact of this pathology determines the complexity of the more recent
evidence demonstrates that the rapid regulation of central immune organs in clinical
response of the mucosa to the allergen or offending agent.
The rate of technological progress is encouraging increasingly sophisticated lines of
enquiry in cognitive neuroscience and shows no sign of slowing down in the
foreseeable future. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that even the strongest advocates of the
cognitive neuroscience approach would maintain that advances in cognitive theory
have kept in step with methods-based developments. There are several candidate
reasons for the failure of neuroimaging studies to convincingly resolve many of the
most important theoretical debates in the literature.
The first edition of this text was written in the early 1990s. Since then, the field of
clinical research methods has continued to develop rapidly, and this second
edition has been extensively updated to reflect these developments. We have also
tried to make the whole book more user friendly, both in layout and in content.
All chapters now have summaries and boxes highlighting the key points, and we
have provided many more illustrative examples.
The biggest area of change is in our treatment of qualitative methods.
The development of Understanding Research in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
is the result of our experiences teaching and working with students in
professional psychology over many years. Although virtually all graduate programs
require a course on research, the basis for that requirement is often shrouded
in mystery for many students. Students enter their graduate training with the admirable
ambition of learning skills important for assisting clients to make changes.
Esthetics (also spelled aesthetics) is a subdiscipline
of value theory or axiology, which is a branch of philosophy
that studies sensory values, sometimes called
judgments of sentiment or taste. Esthetics is closely associated
with the philosophy of High Art. Esthetics
includes art as well as the very purpose behind it. Esthetics
as a branch of philosophy studies art, the methods of
evaluating art, and judgments of art. Art has existed
through all recorded human history. Art is unique to
human beings because of our innate ability to abstract.
The study of the pathogenesis of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
(STEC) infections encompasses many different disciplines, including clinical
microbiology, diagnostics, animal ecology, and food safety, as well as the
cellular microbiology of both bacterial pathogenesis and the mechanisms of
toxin action. E. coli: Shiga Toxin Methods and Protocols aims to bring
together a number of experts from each of these varied fields in order to outline
some of the basic protocols for the diagnosis and study of STEC pathogenesis.
Ebook Tumor immunology methods and protocols contents: atmps for cancer immunotherapy: A regulatory overview 1 maria cristina galli, natural antibodies to Tumor-Associated antigens, generation and cryopreservation of clinical grade Wilms’ tumor 1
mRNA-Loaded dendritic cell vaccines for cancer immunotherapy,...
Most methods for data analysis were derived from the plasma radioactivity curve and were based on the general
assumptions that synthesis and catabolism took place in a compartment in close contact with the intravascular space,
that the study subjects were in steady state concerning IgG metabolism, and that metabolism of the labeled protein was
identical with that of the native unlabeled protein (1). Figure 2a shows a semilogarithmic plot of the time-dependent
decline of 125I-labeled IgG representing the disappearance of the tracer from the plasma in a normal subject.
The main method of cognition of the performance of biological systems is their
mathematical modeling. The essence of this method should reflect the principle of
optimization in biology. Any biosystem cannot function if its energy consumption is
The same is applicable to the blood circulatory system. Its main function is to transport
blood throughout the body in order to maintain the proper gaseous exchange, deliver
important substances to viscera and tissues in living body and remove decay products.
Uterine myomas are the most common benign tumors in women, affecting
20%–50% of reproductive age population. Myomas cause significant morbidity
and are the single most common indication for hysterectomy in the United States,
representing a major personal and public health concern worldwide. Recent
research on the cellular and molecular biology of myomas has enabled us to
understand better the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of this tumor, but more
remains to be done.
Medical ultrasound imaging is a technique that has become much more prevalent than other medical imaging techniques since it is more accessible, less expensive, safe, simpler to use and produces images in the real time. However, images produced by an ultrasound imaging system, must be of sufficient quality to provide accurate clinical interpretation.
The vast majority of published cytogenetic studies of malignancy
have been of leukemias and related hematologic disorders (see Fig. 1),
even though these constitute only about 20% of all cancers. It follows
that most of what is known about the clinical applications of
cytogenetic studies has been derived from hematologic malignancies.
Clinical trials enable scientific discoveries to advance patient care, and
they also inform and guide subsequent research. The National Cancer Institute
(NCI) supports the largest U.S. network of clinical trials of any type, of
which the largest component is the Clinical Trials Cooperative Group Program
(informally known as the Cooperative Group Program). It currently
comprises 10 Groups that involve more than 3,100 institutions and 14,000
investigators who enroll more than 25,000 patients in clinical trials each
(BQ) Part 2 book "Diagnostic methods in the cardiac catheterization laboratory" presents the following contents: Clinical applications of OCT, viability assessment and cardiac function, cardiovascular interventional MR imaging, coronary stenosis evaluation with CT angiography, invasive evaluation of renal artery stenosis,...
(BQ) Part 1 book "Concise book of medical laboratory technology - Methods and interpretations" presents the following contents: Laboratory, fundamental chemistry, urine analysis, renal function and its evaluation, clinical hematology, medical parasitology, stool examination, semen analysis, sputum examination,...
Chapter 20 - Patient billing and collection. The learning objectives for this chapter include: Describe accounts receivable and accounts payable and the common payment methods accepted in medical practices today; identify the different types of documents used as statements to bill patients and how these documents are used in cycle billing; compare open book, written-contract, and single-entry accounts, and purpose of creating an accounts receivable aging;...
In this chapter you will learn about vital signs and measurements. This chapter describe the five vital signs, identify various methods of taking a patient’s temperature, describe the process of obtaining pulse and respirations, carry out blood pressure measurements, summarize orthostatic or postural vital signs, illustrate various body measurements.
Chapter 54 - Physical therapy and rehabilitation. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Discuss the general principles of physical therapy, relate various cold and heat therapies to their benefits and contraindications, recall hydrotherapy methods, name several methods of exercise therapy,…