Physiology plays a major role in the scientific foundation of medicine and other
subjects related to human health and physical performance. Pharmacology is the
science which deals with the effects of drugs on living systems and their use in the
treatment of disease. This book is designed to enhance students’ understanding of
physiology and pharmacology via a series of case studies involving human disease
and its treatment.
Traditional university teaching methods focus on informing students in terms of
physiological and pharmacological theory.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 3. Decision-Making in Clinical Medicine
Decision-Making in Clinical Medicine: Introduction To the medical student who requires 2 h to collect a patient's history and perform a physical examination, and several additional hours to organize them into a coherent presentation, the experienced clinician's ability to reach a diagnosis and decide on a management plan in a fraction of the time seems extraordinary.
This study examines how different types of performance measures were
weighted in a subjective balanced scorecard bonus plan adopted by a major financial
services firm. Drawing upon economic and psychological studies on performance evaluation
and compensation criteria, we develop hypotheses regarding the weights placed
on different types of measures.
This paper proposes a hierarchical text categorization (TC) approach to encoding free-text clinical notes with ICD-9-CM codes. Preliminary experimental result on the 2007 Computational Medicine Challenge data shows a hierarchical TC system has achieved a microaveraged F1 value of 86.6, which is comparable to the performance of state-of-the-art ﬂat classiﬁcation systems.
ncluding some of the newest advances in the field of neurophysiology, this book can be considered as one of the treasures that interested scientists would like to collect. It discusses many disciplines of clinical neurophysiology that are, currently, crucial in the practice as they explain methods and findings of techniques that help to improve diagnosis and to ensure better treatment. While trying to rely on evidence-based facts, this book presents some new ideas to be applied and tested in the clinical practice.
The main method of cognition of the performance of biological systems is their
mathematical modeling. The essence of this method should reflect the principle of
optimization in biology. Any biosystem cannot function if its energy consumption is
The same is applicable to the blood circulatory system. Its main function is to transport
blood throughout the body in order to maintain the proper gaseous exchange, deliver
important substances to viscera and tissues in living body and remove decay products.
We present an NLP system that classifies the assertion type of medical problems in clinical notes used for the Fourth i2b2/VA Challenge. Our classifier uses a variety of linguistic features, including lexical, syntactic, lexicosyntactic, and contextual features. To overcome an extremely unbalanced distribution of assertion types in the data set, we focused our efforts on adding features specifically to improve the performance of minority classes.
The STOP system, which generates personalised smoking-cessation letters, was evaluated by a randomised controlled clinical trial. We believe this is the largest and perhaps most rigorous task effectiveness evaluation ever performed on an NLG system. The detailed results of the clinical trial have been presented elsewhere, in the medical literature.
(BQ) Ebook Bayley III clinical use and interpretation provides an introduction into use of the Bayley-III in each of these five areas. For each of these areas, individual chapters cover the relevant test content, administration, scoring, interpretation, strengths/concerns, and uses in clinical populations. Each chapter also includes a real life case study demonstrating typical performance of a child with delays one of the five areas of development.
Clinical trials enable scientific discoveries to advance patient care, and
they also inform and guide subsequent research. The National Cancer Institute
(NCI) supports the largest U.S. network of clinical trials of any type, of
which the largest component is the Clinical Trials Cooperative Group Program
(informally known as the Cooperative Group Program). It currently
comprises 10 Groups that involve more than 3,100 institutions and 14,000
investigators who enroll more than 25,000 patients in clinical trials each
This paper presents the results of the development of a high throughput, real time modularized text analysis and information retrieval system that identifies clinically relevant entities in clinical notes, maps the entities to several standardized nomenclatures and makes them available for subsequent information retrieval and data mining. The performance of the system was validated on a small collection of 351 documents partitioned into 4 query topics and manually examined by 3 physicians and 3 nurse abstractors for relevance to the query topics.
Beyond state-supported schemes, policy distortions against agriculture, especially for export, and scant
public investment in rural areas reduced private investors’ incentives so that most area expansion was by
smallholders. Policy reforms of the 1990s allowed agricultural growth to accelerate and paved the way for
renewed investor interest in the continent.
Chapter 25 - The muscular system. The human body has more than 600 individual muscles. Although each muscle is a distinct structure, muscles act in groups to perform particular movements. This chapter focuses on the differences among three muscle tissue types, the structure of skeletal muscles, muscle actions, and the names of skeletal muscles.
Chapter 39 - Assisting in reproductive and urinary specialties. When you finish this chapter, you should: Carry out the role of the medical assistant in the medical specialty of gynecology, carry out the role of the medical assistant in the medical specialty of obstetrics, identify diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed in obstetrics and gynecology, relate the role of medical assisting to the medical specialty of urology,...
Chapter 43 - Assisting with eye and ear care. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Describe the medical assistant’s role in eye exams and procedures performed in a medical office, Discuss various eye disorders encountered in a medical office, identify ophthalmic exams performed in the physician’s office, summarize ophthalmologic procedures and treatments,...
Chapter 44 - Assisting with minor surgery. In this chapter you will learn: Define the medical assistant’s role in minor surgical procedures, describe types of wounds and explain how they heal, describe special surgical procedures performed in an office setting, list the instruments used in minor surgery and describe their functions, describe the procedures for medical and sterile asepsis in minor surgery,...
Chapter 48 - Collecting, processing, and testing blood specimens. In many health-care settings, the medical assistant is responsible for collecting blood specimens from patients and even performs some testing in the waived category. In order to properly collect the specimens, you will need to review the circulatory system and the function of blood. You will be introduced in this chapter to venipuncture and capillary collection procedures, and you will learn the appropriate supplies and equipment needed to perform these procedures.
Chapter 26 - The muscular system. Bones and joints do not themselves produce movement. By alternating between contraction and relaxation, muscles cause bones and supported structures to move. The human body has more than 600 individual muscles. Although each muscle is a distinct structure, muscles act in groups to perform particular movements. This chapter focuses on the differences among three muscle tissue types, the structure of skeletal muscles, muscle actions, and the names of skeletal muscles.
Chapter 39 - Providing eye and ear care. Part of your clinical assisting duties for a general medical practice may involve performing basic tests for vision and hearing. You may also assist the doctor in providing treatment related to the eyes and ears. You will be expected to know the basic structure and function of these organs and to advise patients about general eye and ear care and concerns.