(BQ) Part 2 book "Neuroradiology - Key differential diagnoses and clinical questions" presents the following contents: Cyst with a mural nodule, ecchordosis physaliphora versus chordoma, atlantooccipital and atlantoaxial separation, basilar invagination and platybasia, enhancing intramedullary conus lesions, nerve root enlargement,...
Cardiac clinical questions answers more than one-hundred of the clinical cardiology questions most frequently asked of the authors during consultation. The book simulates the consultation process: consult question →data collection→ synthesis of data → solution.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Cardiology clinical questions" presents the following contents: Examination, arrhythmias, congenital heart diseases, heart failure and hypertension, medications. Invite you to consult.
This paper presents a hybrid approach to question answering in the clinical domain that combines techniques from summarization and information retrieval. We tackle a frequently-occurring class of questions that takes the form “What is the best drug treatment for X?” Starting from an initial set of MEDLINE citations, our system ﬁrst identiﬁes the drugs under study. Abstracts are then clustered using semantic classes from the UMLS ontology. Finally, a short extractive summary is generated for each abstract to populate the clusters. ...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Is obesity a risk factor for low back pain? An example of using the evidence to answer a clinical question...
Evidence-Based Medicine The "art of medicine" is traditionally defined as a practice combining medical knowledge (including scientific evidence), intuition, and judgment in the care of patients (Chap. 1). Evidence-based medicine (EBM) updates this construct by placing a much-greater emphasis on the processes by which the clinician gains knowledge of the most up-to-date and relevant clinical research. The key processes of EBM can be summarized in four steps:
Formulating the management question to be answered
Since the discovery of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 1989, there has been an explosion
of research and information on the virus. This is evidenced by the more than 20 000
papers onHCV(as of December, 2000), as well as the numerous reviews in journals
and edited books. The purpose of this book is to present an overview of the
diVerent disciplines that have contributed to an understanding of the virus, its
diseases, current and proposed treatments, and much more.
The following three examples introduce the subject of clinical reasoning:
A 46-year-old man presents to his internist with a chief
complaint of hemoptysis. The physician knows that the differential diagnosis of hemoptysis includes over 100 different conditions, including cancer and tuberculosis. The examination begins with some general background questions, and the patient is asked to describe his symptoms and their chronology.
To understand conceptually how Bayes' theorem estimates the posttest probability of disease, it is useful to examine a nomogram version of Bayes' theorem (Fig. 3-2). In this nomogram, the accuracy of the diagnostic test in question is summarized by the likelihood ratio , which is defined as the ratio of the probability of a given test result (e.g., "positive" or "negative") in a patient with disease to the probability of that result in a patient without disease.
Statistical Prediction Models
Bayes' theorem, as presented above, deals with a clinical prediction problem that is unrealistically simple relative to most problems a clinician faces. Prediction models, based on multivariable statistical models, can handle much more complex problems and substantially enhance predictive accuracy for specific situations. Their particular advantage is the ability to take into account many overlapping pieces of information and assign a relative weight to each based on its unique contribution to the prediction in question.
The first edition of this text was written in the early 1990s. Since then, the field of
clinical research methods has continued to develop rapidly, and this second
edition has been extensively updated to reflect these developments. We have also
tried to make the whole book more user friendly, both in layout and in content.
All chapters now have summaries and boxes highlighting the key points, and we
have provided many more illustrative examples.
The biggest area of change is in our treatment of qualitative methods.
Abnormal Vaginal Discharge If directly questioned about vaginal discharge during routine health checkups, many women acknowledge having nonspecific symptoms of vaginal discharge that do not correlate with objective signs of inflammation or with actual infection. However, unsolicited reporting of abnormal vaginal discharge does suggest bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. Specifically, an abnormally increased amount or an abnormal odor of the discharge is associated with one or both of these conditions. Cervical infection with N. gonorrhoeae or C.
The main method of cognition of the performance of biological systems is their
mathematical modeling. The essence of this method should reflect the principle of
optimization in biology. Any biosystem cannot function if its energy consumption is
The same is applicable to the blood circulatory system. Its main function is to transport
blood throughout the body in order to maintain the proper gaseous exchange, deliver
important substances to viscera and tissues in living body and remove decay products.
This guideline has been developed to advise on the clinical management of and
service provision for antenatal and postnatal mental health. The guideline recommendations
have been developed after careful consideration of the best available evidence
by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, women who have experienced
mental health problems in the antenatal or postnatal period and guideline methodologists.
What can be determined from such a heterogeneous aggregation of studies, concern-
ing a wide array of predictands and involving such a variety of judges, mechanical
combination methods, and data? Quite a lot, as it turns out. To summarize these data
quantitatively for the present purpose (see Grove et al., 2000, for details omitted here),
we took the median difference between all possible pairs of clinical versus mechanical
predictions for a given study as the representative outcome of that study.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Renal physiology - A clinical approach" presents the following contents: Getting started-The approach to renal physiology, the body’s compartments-The distribution of fluid, review questions, clearing waste-glomerular filtration.
"In IQ Testing 101, Alan Kaufman gives a well thought out, articulate account of the historical development of intelligent IQ testing. It provides non-expert readers, like me, with a better understanding of IQ and its important clinical ramifications. Kaufman's engaging style of presentation makes you feel as if you are in the thick of this important field of inquiry..."
If you plan to take the Vascular Medicine Board Examination, this book is essential. Presenting the compiled knowledge of experts in the field and emphasizing topics covered on the exam, this concise text:
facilitates review and retention of material with questions and answers for each chapter
covers topics from multiple perspective through multidisciplinary authorship
serves as a convenient quick reference with highlighted bullet points
is endorsed by the Society for Vascular Medicine and Biology...
The most important trend in biological engineering is the dynamic range of scales at
which biotechnology is now able to integrate with biological processes. An explosion
in micro/nanoscale technology is allowing the manufacture of nanoparticles for drug
delivery into cells, miniaturized implantable microsensors for medical diagnostics, and
micro-engineered robots for on-board tissue repairs. This book aims to provide an upto-
date overview of the recent developments in biological engineering from diverse
aspects and various applications in clinical and experimental research....