The idea to edit this book started with an e-mail from Suzanne Mekking of Springer
Science and Business Media who wanted to make an appointment to talk about current
needs for new books in the field of aquatic sciences. During that meeting, she
attempted to persuade me into writing a book about my field of research – ecological
interactions among coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds by reef fishes. At first,
I was not interested due to the large amount of work this would encompass, and my
already overloaded work schedule....
Coastal Ecosystems. Africa has three coastlines—along the
Mediterranean Sea in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west, and the
Indian Ocean in the east. These shores consist of stretches of sand, soil,
or rock. In general, plants and animals on Africa’s western coast are less
varied and numerous than on the eastern coast. The coastal environments
of Africa include coral reef, lagoon, mangrove, salt marsh, and
Coastal lagoons are the most valuable components of coastal areas in terms of both
ecosystem and natural capital. In most NATO coastal countries, the majority of the
population lives within a 50-kilometer coastal band. Increasing human use and
development pressures in the coastal areas make these dynamic and productive
ecosystems very sensitive and vulnerable to deteriorations.
Challenges to sustaining the productivity of oceanic and coastal fisheries
have become more critical and complex as these fisheries reach the upper
limits to ocean harvests. In addition, it is now clear that we are managing
interactive and dynamic food webs rather than sets of independent single-species
The Current State and Trends assessment presents the findings of
the Condition and Trends Working Group of the Millennium
Ecosystem Assessment. This volume documents the current condition
and recent trends of the world’s ecosystems, the services
they provide, and associated human well-being around the year
2000. Its primary goal is to provide decision-makers, ecosystem
managers, and other potential users with objective information
and analyses of historical trends and dynamics of the interaction
between ecosystem change and human well-being.
The idea for this book stems from a meeting sponsored by the European Union,
organized by N. van Breemen, and held in Doorweerth at the end of 1991. At this
meeting a large number of European scientists discussed the different issues
related to the accumulation and decomposition of organic matter in terrestrial
ecosystems. One of the objectives was to gather scientists from various disciplines
(biologists, chemists, ecologists, agriculturalists) to pool their different disciplinary
approaches and come up with a common perspective for future research on
soil organic matter.
The MA, which focused on ecosystem change and
the impacts of such change on human well-being, included
a set of sub-global assessments at multiple
spatial scales, in addition to the global assessment.
This was one of the innovations of the MA compared to
other international assessments, which usually focus on
global or regional scales alone. The global and sub-global
assessments analyzed ecosystem services and human wellbeing
from different perspectives and with different stakeholders
The focus of the MA is on ecosystem services (the benefits people
obtain from ecosystems), how changes in ecosystem services have
affected human well-being in the past, and what role these
changes could play in the present as well as in the future. The
MA is an assessment of responses that are available to improve
ecosystem management and can thereby contribute to the various
constituents of human well-being. The specific issues addressed
have been defined through consultation with the MA users.
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was called for by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 2000 in his
report to the UN General Assembly, We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century. Governments
subsequently supported the establishment of the assessment through decisions taken by three international
conventions, and the MA was initiated in 2001.
Vietnam’s coastal zones are some of the very overexploited in the world with consequent degradation of its ecosystems and damage to public welfare. In general, the main goal of ICZM is to balance development and conservation, to ensure multi-sectoral planning and involve wide participation and conflict mediation. In the case of Vietnam, the central action will be adequate planning for development and management, whereby the development and management plans must be synchronous, efficacious by dealing with each other.
The success of the first volume of The Biology of Sea Turtles revealed a need for
broad but comprehensive reviews of recent major advances in sea turtle biology. At
that time, book size constraints as well as the fast-paced changes in some fields
dictated that this need could be only partially addressed in a single volume. Many
important topics were not covered and were left for future volumes. Volume II
emphasizes practical aspects of biology that relate to sea turtle management and
changes in marine and coastal ecosystems....
The research effort on which this book is based has involved continuous analyses of
various river–estuarine and coastal systems in the southeastern United States since 1970.
These long-term studies have been carried out using a combination of field descriptive
and experimental (lab and field) approaches.
The genesis of this book began on the sunny shores of southern France
in September 1993. For five days in the delightful Mediterranean coastal
town of La Londe Les Maures, a gathering occurred of a group of scientists
interested in furthering both the understanding and use of thermal infrared
(TIR) remote sensing data for analysis of land surface processes.
Risks and Damages in Urban Estuaries: Spatial and Historical Ecosystem Analysis - Cửa sông đô thị hóa có thể là môi trường bị lạm dụng nhất trên trái đất. Sau nhiều thế kỷ phát triển bờ biển, đất ngập nước "khai hoang," đầu nguồn thay đổi, rối loạn thể chất từ các hoạt động như nạo vét, vận chuyển, kiểm soát muỗi, và xử lý rác thải, cộng đồng sinh học đã phải chịu đựng sự mất mát đáng kể môi trường sống và...
Identification of the Lagoon Ecosystems - Các hệ sinh thái đầm phá ecotones, hoặc các đơn vị chuyển đổi của cảnh quan và đường biển / waterscapes.
Một khía cạnh quan trọng của đầm phá là vùng rất nhạy cảm được gọi là vùng đất ngập nước, khu vực giao diện
giữa đất và nước.
Estuaries are areas of high productivity, crucial in the life histories of many fish,
invertebrates, and birds, for example, and the sustainability of estuarine biodiversity
is vital to the ecological and economic health of coastal regions. On the other
hand, estuarine ecosystems are exposed to toxic anthropogenic effluents transported
by rivers from remote and nearby conurbations and industrial and agricultural concerns.
Of late, the coastal ecosystems are highly degraded
due to high population and industrial growth (Glasby &
Roonwal, 1995; UNEP, 1997). Due to various pollutions
including pesticide poisoning (Sen Gupta et al., 1990),
over exploitation of water resources by power plant
industries and the municipal uses and encroachment for
urban developments force the fishing community to the
brink of disappearance. When those natural resources
are imperilled, so too are the livelihoods of the many
people who live and work there.
Coastal Louisiana's built and natural environment faces risks from catastrophic tropical storms. Concurrently, the region is experiencing a dramatic conversion of coastal land and associated habitats to open water and a loss of important services provided by such ecosystems. Louisiana's Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA) engaged in a detailed modeling, simulation, and analysis exercise, the results of which informed Louisiana's Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast.
This lab uses freshwater sponges as model organisms to examine the biological effects of
water pollution. Specifically, the focus of this laboratory module is on the effects that chemicals of
environmental concern (e.g., endocrine disrupters) have on sponge growth and development.
Contamination of aquatic ecosystems is a serious issue in environmental science. Identifying which
chemicals we should be concerned with, and determining the consequences of contamination by
specific compounds, is a major area of current research.