Xem 1-20 trên 35 kết quả Cognitive ability
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Cellular mechanisms underlying the effects of an early experience on cognitive abilities and affective states...

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  • Chapter 10 - Ability. After reading this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: What is ability? What are the various types of cognitive ability? What are the various types of emotional ability? What are the various types of physical ability? How does cognitive ability affect job performance and organizational commitment? What steps can organizations take to hire people with high levels of cognitive ability?

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  • A potential signal that the mother uses to update her belief about the child’s true endowment level is the child’s performance on achievement tests in later ages. If the mother’s understanding of the child’s cognitive ability endowment via achievement tests is the true mechanism, then the data should provide ample support that poor or good performance on the achievement test leads to immediate changes in input choices.

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  • The cognitive radio paradigm is based on the ability of sensing the radio environment in order to make informed decisions. This paper describes the effects of sensing on the cognitive radio channels capacity region. Sensing is modeled as a compression channel, which results in partial knowledge of the primary messages at the cognitive transmitter. This model enables to impose constraints on the sensing strategy. First, the dirty paper channel capacity is derived when the channel encoder knows partially the side information.

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  • Representing one of the most important lifestyle factors, diet can strongly influence the incidence and onset of cardiovascular disease and neurodegenerative disorders. Recent dietary intervention studies in several mammalian species, including humans, with flavonoid-rich foods, in particular Vitis vinifera (grape), Camellia sinensis (tea), Theobroma cacao (cocoa), and Vaccinium spp. (blueberry), have indicated an ability of these dietary components to improve memory and learning.

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  • Central to any policy discussion of regulating food advertising to children is an understanding of the nature of children’s comprehension of advertising. Numerous studies have documented that young children have little understanding of the persuasive intent of advertising (Strassburger, 2001; Kunkel, 1995; John, 1999). Young children are easily exploited because they do not understand that commercials are designed to sell products and because they do not yet possess the cognitive ability to comprehend or evaluate advertising.

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  • In recent years, there has been growing interest in emotion regulation processes within different areas of psychology. This interest has been sparked both by the development of new theoretical models of emotion regulation processes and by the growing realization that poor or inappropriate regula- tion of emotions often constitutes a core component of common individual and interpersonal problems.

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  • would like to introduce this encyclopedia of psychology by focusing on both twenty-first century and more distant historical contexts, while additionally highlighting the scope and depth of the work of psychologists, their students, and their supporters. As reading these volumes will show, psychology is a diverse and large field. It is also a science. I remind readers that most of the research described in these volumes is completed through the silent contributions of tens of thousands of volunteers as well as nonhuman animal participants.

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  • Measurement of efficiency started with Farrell (1957) who, following Debreu (1951) and Koopmas (1951), proposed a division of efficiency into two components: technical efficiency, which represents a firm’s ability to produce a maximum level of output from a given level of inputs, and allocative efficiency, which is the ability of a firm to use inputs in optimal proportions, given their respective prices and available technology. The combination of these two measures yields the level of economic efficiency.

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  • BHA is a 28 person, $5MM firm offering consulting and computer/web based testing. They market a cognitive ability /personality system (ASSESS) which can be used for selection or development. Cognitive tests are Watson-Glaser and Raven's Matrices. The personality tests were developed in-house. Two-thirds of BHA's employees are designers and programmers.

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  • Conditions experienced early in life or in utero have been shown to have persistent and long- term effects on health, education, and socioeconomic outcomes (see seminal work by Stein et al. (1975) and more recent papers by Maccini and Yang (2009) and Maluccio et al. (2009)). Barker (1998) argues that health shocks suffered in utero can cause irreversible adaptations to the local food environment and that children cannot catch up even if they later have good nutrition and health care.

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  • How important are these issues, and do they carry any ramifications for the newMedicare prescription drug benefit? One of the problems, to which Rubinstein alluded, is that elders may be facing too many options and too much information and thus need to devise “impression manage- ment” techniques in order to compensate for cognitive or physical loss.

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  • In the field of aging, disability is measured by judging how a person performs Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) or Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs). ADLs include very basic activities like eating, toileting, bathing, transferring in and out of bed, and walking (Katz, Ford, Moskowitz, Jackson and Jaffee, 1963). IADLs include additional activities needed to get along in the world such as shopping, taking medications, using the phone, and other activities. (Lawton and Brody, 1969.

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  • Although a substantial proportion of individuals over age 50 have reduced ability to absorb naturally occurring vitamin B12, they are able to absorb the crystalline form. Thus, all individuals over the age of 50 should be encour­ aged to meet their Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) (2.4 µg/day) for vitamin B12 by eating foods fortified with vitamin B12 such as fortified cereals, or by taking the crystalline form of vitamin B12 supplements.

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  • After observation, the second most important skill students will build in this proj- ect is the ability to look for the causes of observed effects. Kids will give the strangest answers when you ask why a car did something. Get them to look at the car and the ramp and come up with a plausible answer for your “why” question. When they have a plausible answer, ask them how to confirm if the answer is right. They could run a scientific experiment to verify their answer!

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  • .International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 2003 Volume 18 International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 2003, Volume 18 Edited by Cary L. Cooper and Ivan T. Robertson Copyright  2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ISBN: 0-470-84703-4 .International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 2003 Volume 18 Edited by Cary L. Cooper and Ivan T. Robertson University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, UMIST, UK .

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  • In so few words, this poem beautifully captures what is so vital about early emotional development and its importance in the human condition. It is the willingness and ability to embrace fully and experience the broad spectrum of emotional states, including those that are painful and distressing, that may be key to mental health and adaptive personal development.

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  • Objective: Previous research suggests that engaging in mentally stimulating tasks may improve brain health and cognitive abilities. Using computer search engines to find information on the Internet has become a frequent daily activity of people at any age, including middleaged and older adults.

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  • Human behavioral genetic research aimed at characterizing the existence and nature of genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in cognitive ability, personality and interests, and psychopathology is reviewed.

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  • Competency-based education is a framework for designing and implementing education that focuses on the desired performance characteristics of health care professionals. Although this has always been the implicit goal of more traditional educational frameworks, CBE makes this explicit by establishing observable and measureable metrics that learners are expected to accomplish. The ability to perform to established expectations is the criteria by which a health professional is deemed competent. ...

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