Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Improving introspection to inform free will regarding the choice by healthy individuals to use or not use cognitive enhancing drugs
This book began as a collection of articles on neuropsychiatric disease, but with a clear
focus on Schizophrenia, which is a poorly understood but very disabling group of
brain disorders. We now recognize schizophrenia as a disorder of the brain, but
despite advances in treatment options we are still a long way from having effective
treatments, particularly for cognitive symptoms, and lack effective interventions and
ways to prevent this disease.
Once students undertake this project, your role is to help them understand the science
of what’s happening by asking questions. I am always amazed that students cannot
answer the most basic questions about the experiment, such as “What did the car
do?” Until they understand that you will hold them responsible for looking, listening,
and understanding, they will take the easy way out: “I don’t know.”
If they say they didn’t see what happened, direct them to run the experiment again
with the forewarning that you will ask the same question immediately afterward.
This paper examines efficient predictive broadcoverage parsing without dynamic programming. In contrast to bottom-up methods, depth-first top-down parsing produces partial parses that are fully connected trees spanning the entire left context, from which any kind of non-local dependency or partial semantic interpretation can in principle be read. We contrast two predictive parsing approaches, topdown and left-corner parsing, and find both to be viable.
Thyroid cancers are now being diagnosed at an earlier stage and treatments together with
follow-up strategies are more effective. However this is not consistent throughout the world.
The practice does differ considerably from country to country and region to region. Many
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Members States can benefit from the lessons
learned and improve overall patient management of thyroid cancers.
The IAEA has significantly enhanced the capabilities of many Member States in the field of
The sex distribution in SEC is reasonably close to that in the 1998 census and 2000 DHS. The 1999
Socioeconomic Survey is somewhat out of line with the other sources. Likewise, the age distribution of
older persons in the SEC is quite similar to that in the other sources. The marital status distribution in the
SES for men is also fairly similar to that found in the other three sources but not for women. The SEC
sample has relatively fewer women who are currently married and relatively more who are widowed than
indicated by the census and the...
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), unlike conventional magnetic resonance
imaging (MRI), provides information on the brain’s chemical environment (rather than
neuroanatomical structure) and the data are most commonly presented as line spectra.
This capacity for determining brain metabolite concentrations provides the basis for
clinical investigation of, and differentiation between, neurological and neurosurgical
This toolkit is the result of teamwork between sexual and
reproductive health practitioners working with young
people in Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Uganda.
The ﬁrst version of the toolkit was developed with
International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Planned Parenthood
Association of Zambia, Young, Happy, Healthy and
Safe, the Ministries of Health and Education, and peer
educators and young people in rural Eastern Province,
Zambia. The toolkit was tested by peer educators and
revised on the basis of their experience and the lessons
learned in monitoring.
The retail trade has developed a system (without consulting the banking sector) which makes
payments by bank card possible without any authorisation. This system is known as the electronic
direct debit system (ELV). The customer’s signature on the receipt or an additional document
authorises the dealer to collect the cost of the purchase by direct debit. However, the risks of a direct
debit being returned on account of an objection or lack of cover, or possibly because the card has
been blocked, are borne solely by the retail outlet.
With regard to the ‘cause’ of this phenomenon, several explanations have been offered,
including improvement in chemical restraints available for large animals, the elimination of
gender-based admission discrimination and the generally caring portrayal of veterinarians
in both the literature and on television (Lofstedt, 2003:534).
Given the variation in credit scoring methodologies, raw credit scores possess no
intrinsic meaning, and comparing raw scores across companies is of limited value.
Normalized or “standardized” results afford more meaningful comparisons. Averaged across
all companies, the spread in standardized scores between “no minority” and “all minority”2
ZIP Codes was 38.9 percentiles—a very considerable gap.
Business trips are fairly inflexible and it is often difficult for travelers to select their destinations.
Business travel, often referred to as MICE (Meetings-Incentives-Conferences-Exhibitions), is normally
determined by business opportunities and involvement of the traveler with organisations at the
destination. Perhaps more flexibility can be exercised by travelers attending optional meetings, which
provide benefits but are not strictly essential to their business such as conferences, exhibitions,
incentives, familiarization trips etc (Davidson 1994).
There is always a danger of taking any image or model too literally . Using images in science or
philosophy to illustrate states of affair is generally a two-edged sword because it is essential that the
audience knows the limits of a picture and uses it with discrimination and intelligence. With that caution,
I believe that art, having shed the requirement to visually represent reality accurately, is uniquely capable
of instilling an intuition for the deeper aspects of reality that are hidden to the...
TI warrants performance of its products to the specifications applicable at the time of
sale in accordance with TI’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control
techniques are utilized to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty.
Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily performed, except
those mandated by government requirements.
In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications, adequate design
and operating safeguards must be provided by the customer to minimize inherent or
procedural hazards. ...
“Thuốc thông minh” hay smart drugs là những loại thuốc nằm trong nhóm nootropics. Chúng tác động thẳng lên não bộ, làm cho tỉnh trí, làm cho không buồn ngủ, giúp cho sự tập trung tư tưởng được dễ dàng hơn, cũng như cho sự phán xét được đúng và nhanh hơn. Và cũng vì thế mà có thể nói, chất cafféine cũng được ví như là một loại “thuốc thông minh” trên một phương diện nào đó.
Psychoactive drug use is not just a phenomenon of the 20th
century; many different types of drug have been used throughout
recorded history. In this chapter we will outline the main classes of
psychoactive drug. We are able to do this in a single chapter
because, despite there being thousands of different drugs, they can
be classified in a few main groups (Table 1.1). The crucial role of
neurotransmitters will also be described because psychoactive drugs
alter mood and behaviour by modifying nerve activity in various
This chapter provides an overview of the classical measures of risk-
adjusted portfolio performance. We ﬁrst describe the general logic that
lies behind all of the measures, and then deﬁne the individual mea-
sures. We then discuss the theoretical properties of the measures in
more detail. Finally, we look at empirical estimation of the measures
on actual managed portfolios, and review the empirical evidence based
on the classical measures. The main idea in most of the classical measures of investment perfor-
mance is quite simple.
The third domain includes features related to safety, mobility, and access. Again these factors may
operate on late-life health either through a cumulative process on the underlying health trajectory or by directly
facilitating/impeding activities in old age. For example, by providing safe places to participate in physical
activity, the availability of parks and recreation may facilitate healthy behaviors that have a beneficial affect on
health well into late life (Brownson et al, 2001; Jackson & Kochtitzky, 2001).
The rules and regulations of the BSP that govern the credit card operations of the banks and
subsidiary credit card companies are not enough to screen out delinquent borrowers. As a
prudential measure to protect banks and subsidiary credit card companies, the BSP requires
these institutions to set up an appropriate system for managing their risk exposures to credit
card operations and to document these exposures in a complete and concise manner.
The smooth functioning of the money market depends critically on brokers and
dealers, who play a key role in marketing new issues of money market instruments and in providing
secondary markets where outstanding issues can be sold prior to maturity. Dealers use RPs to finance their
inventories of securities. Dealers also act as intermediaries between other participants in the RP market by
making loans to those wishing to borrow in the market and borrowing from those wishing to lend in the
Brokers match buyers and sellers of money market instruments on...