Xem 1-19 trên 19 kết quả Cognitive tools
  • We investigate linguistic features that correlate with the readability of texts for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Based on a corpus of texts (including some experimentally measured for comprehension by adults with ID), we analyze the significance of novel discourselevel features related to the cognitive factors underlying our users’ literacy challenges. We develop and evaluate a tool for automatically rating the readability of texts for these users. Our experiments show that our discourselevel, cognitively-motivated features improve automatic readability assessment....

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  • This new book discusses academic writing as a complex task which involves a variety of cognitive and metacognitive activities; a model for teaching writing strategies and the sociocultural processes of written communication; rubric-referenced self-assessment and the quality of elementary and middle-school students' writing and self-efficacy and others.

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  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is often referred to as a branch of science which deals with helping machines find solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. It is generally associated with Computer Science, but it has many important links with other fields such as Maths, Psychology, Cognition, Biology and Philosophy. The AI success is due to its technology has diffused into everyday life. Neural networks, fuzzy controls, decision trees and rule-based systems are already in our mobile phones, washing machines and business applications....

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  • Cognitive maps have emerged as an important tool in modeling and decision making. In a nutshell they are signed di-graphs that capture the cause/effect relationships that subject matter experts believe exist in a problem space under consideration. Each node in the map represents some variable concept.

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  • If one asks what neuroscience is, the answer can be found in this book. Neuroscience embraces not only anatomical and physiological studies but also cell biology, computer science, and biochemistry. Equally important for neuroscientific research are other disciplines, such as psychology, psychiatry, neurology and additional recent ones, such as neuroeconomics and social neuroscience. This book comprises chapters on diverse topics in neuroscience ranging from cellular, computational, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience.

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  • The Wiley Concise Guides to Mental Health are designed to provide mental health professionals with easily accessible overview of what is currently known about the nature and treatment of psychological disorders. Each book in the series delineates the origins, manifestations, and course of a commonly occurring disorder and discusses effective procedures for its treatment. The authors of the Concise Guides draw on relevant research as well as their clinical expertise to ground their text both in empirical findings and in wisdom gleaned from practical experience.

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  • Gaps in knowledge were detected in the course of this review. These are summarized in the following section, which also suggests directions for further investigation. Further study and regular dietary monitoring are needed in order to know more about food consumption habits in seniors. These investigations must be adapted to the reality of targeted aging populations using precise measurements, diverse approaches, appropriate methods and accurate dietary assessment tools to reflect the great heterogeneity typical of older populations.

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  • Oracle OpenWorld is the world’s largest information technology event dedicated to helping enterprises understand how to harness the power of information. The event provides a platform for Oracle customers, partners, and employees to discover, integrate, and promote hardware and software tools for business. Oracle solutions assist with database development, enterprise resource planning, and customer relationship and supply chain management.

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  • The Government is creating the opportunity for local TV licences to be awarded through a competitive selection process run by Ofcom to broadcast targeted and relevant local content including news, current affairs and entertainment programmes. An indicative list of potential locations for local TV will be published in due course, following the conclusion of detailed technical planning work by Ofcom. The Government is enabling a new local TV market to emerge on a scale never achieved before.

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  • Thyroid cancers are now being diagnosed at an earlier stage and treatments together with follow-up strategies are more effective. However this is not consistent throughout the world. The practice does differ considerably from country to country and region to region. Many International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Members States can benefit from the lessons learned and improve overall patient management of thyroid cancers. The IAEA has significantly enhanced the capabilities of many Member States in the field of nuclear medicine.

    pdf0p quaivatdo 17-11-2012 21 1   Download

  • Modern neuroimaging tools allow unprecedented opportunities for understanding brain neuroanatomy and function in health and disease. Each available technique carries with it a particular balance of strengths and limitations, such that converging evidence based on multiple methods provides the most powerful approach for advancing our knowledge in the fields of clinical and cognitive neuroscience. In addition to offering fine-grained in-vivo neuroanatomical specification, neuroimaging methods also provide the opportunity to non-invasively explore brain function.

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  • Is your data dragging you down? Are your tables all tangled up? Well we've got the tools to teach you just how to wrangle your databases into submission. Using the latest research in neurobiology, cognitive science, and learning theory to craft a multi-sensory SQL learning experience, Head First SQL has a visually rich format designed for the way your brain works, not a text-heavy approach that puts you to sleep.

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  • IX. THE ROLE OF IDEAS 1. Human Reason REASON is man’s particular and characteristic feature. There is no need for praxeology to raise the question whether reason is a suitable tool for the cognition of ultimate and absolute truth. It deals with reason only as far as it enables man to act.

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  • These educational requirements reflect a need for highly skilled workers who can perform complex, ever-changing tasks. Economists have classified the intensity of five types of tasks across occupations using the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT).

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  • Neville Hogan is Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Professor of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is Director of the Newman Laboratory for Biomechanics and Human Rehabilitation and a founder and director of Interactive Motion Technologies, Inc., a company offering innovative robotic tools to study and treat neuro-motor impairments. Born in Dublin, Ireland, he obtained a Dip. Eng. (with distinction) from Dublin Institute of Technology and M.S., M.E. and Ph.D. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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  • In addition to our rigorous analysis, we also used one tool to informally assess our perception of consumer comprehension during the debriefing session—Bloom’s Taxonomy. 8 In 1957, Benjamin Bloom developed the taxonomy to assess questions included in many school tests. The taxonomy identifies a scale of seven categories of increasingly higher levels of cognitive processing—from lower levels such as simple recall of details (Knowledge) to assessment of the value of the information (Evaluation).

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  • Research on human emotion has produced the emotional circumplex in Figure 3b [BR99]. The axes are the same as those used in Berlyne’s model. Here, however, no dependence is im- plied. The affective model just provides a tool for specifying a wide variety of emotional states. Though the relationship between Berlyne’s model and the emotional circumplex imply that aesthetic judgement is strictly emotionally-based, research by psychologists Baltissen and Os- termann points to the importance of cognitive components as well [BO98].

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  • Cognitive linguistics has reached a stage of maturity where many researchers are looking for an explicit formal grounding of their work. Unfortunately, most current models of deep language processing incorporate assumptions from generative grammar that are at odds with the cognitive movement in linguistics. This demonstration shows how Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG), a fully operational and bidirectional unification-based grammar formalism, caters for this increasing demand.

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  • The evidence base that examines the cognitive implications of playing is complex and not entirely consistent. However, there is substantial evidence overall to suggest that play is a natural way of building cognitive processes, assisting learning and can even help with more complex mental health issues. However, caution should be exercised when linking play to cognitive functioning, as this can lead to the ‘instrumentalising’ of play (Lester and Russell 2008).

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