Current models of story comprehension have three major deficiencies: (1) lack of experimental support for the inference processes they involve (e.g. reliance on prediction); (2) indifference to 'kinds' of coherence (e.g. local and global); and (3) inability to find interpretations at variable depths. I propose that comprehension is driven by the need to find a representation that reaches a 'coherence threshold'. Variable inference processes are a reflection of different thresholds, and the skepticism of an individual inference process determines how thresholds are reached. ...
The birth and infancy of entrepreneurship was turned into a specific area of academic
study and empirical research quite early. The field greatly evolved, and at the same
time, a constant urge to deal with real problems existed, from firm creation to
industrial growth, including firm strategy and economic policy.
Economic, sociological, and managerial academics began to devise a detailed and
interpretative framework for the study of entrepreneurship.
Cognitive maps have emerged as an important tool in modeling and decision making.
In a nutshell they are signed di-graphs that capture the cause/effect relationships that
subject matter experts believe exist in a problem space under consideration. Each node in
the map represents some variable concept.
To estimate equation (5) we have to take into account the potential endogeneity of
financial performance and board appointment decisions. Furthermore, including the
lagged dependent variable as an independent variable makes the fixed effects
estimator not only biased, but also inconsistent. To overcome this problem an
instrumental variables (IV) estimator could be used. However, appropriate
governance instruments are not easy to find.
Two-way multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOV A)
As shown in Table 8, for English listening comprehension, learners in the double mode
group outperformed learners in the single mode group. For cognitive load, learners
receiving single mode encountered a higher level than learners receiving double mode.
As shown in Table 9, Wilk’s lambda showed a significant result, indicating that learners
in both groups had significant differences in at least one dependent variable (English
listening comprehension or cognitive load).
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Gait stability and variability measures show effects of impaired cognition and dual tasking in frail people
Conditions experienced early in life or in utero have been shown to have persistent and long-
term effects on health, education, and socioeconomic outcomes (see seminal work by Stein et al.
(1975) and more recent papers by Maccini and Yang (2009) and Maluccio et al. (2009)). Barker
(1998) argues that health shocks suffered in utero can cause irreversible adaptations to the local
food environment and that children cannot catch up even if they later have good nutrition and
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Gait stability and variability measures show effects of impaired cognition and dual tasking in frail people
The rationale for using oil price movements as a factor affecting stock valuations is that, in
theory, the value of stock equals the discounted sum of expected future cash flows. These
cash flows are affected by macroeconomic events that can be influenced by oil shocks.
Indeed, oil exports affect the main economic variables in GCC countries: earnings,
government budget revenues and expenditures and aggregate demand. So oil price increases
should positively affect corporate output and earnings, and then stock returns in these
Statistical models were used to control for—i.e., remove—the impact of
socioeconomic factors that might account for the correlation between race/ethnicity and
credit scores. The inclusion of such controls slightly weakened, but by no means eliminated
(or accounted for) the association between minority status and credit scores. Among all
such control variables, race/ethnicity proved to be the most robust single predictor of credit
scores; in most instances it had a significantly greater impact than education, marital status,
income and housing values.
The independent variable in the present study was media presentation mode, being
single mode (sound only) and double mode (sound and text). The dependent variables
were learners’ English listening comprehension and cognitive load. There were two
tests in the present study. The first test, for examining the participants' listening
comprehension, was given immediately after concluding the ubiquitous learning
activity. The second test was given to the ...
Clinical Features of Delirium A multitude of terms are used to describe delirium, including encephalopathy, acute brain failure, acute confusional state, and postoperative or intensive care unit (ICU) psychosis. Delirium has many clinical manifestations, but essentially it is defined as a relatively acute decline in cognition that fluctuates over hours or days. The hallmark of delirium is a deficit of attention, although all cognitive domains— including memory, executive function, visuospatial tasks, and language—are variably involved. ...
While online, some people self-disclose or act out more frequently or intensely than they
would in person. This article explores six factors that interact with each other in creating this
online disinhibition effect: dissociative anonymity, invisibility, asynchronicity, solipsistic introjection,
dissociative imagination, and minimization of authority. Personality variables
also will influence the extent of this disinhibition.
The science of human development seeks to understand how individuals change on
physical, cognitive, and social dimensions of functioning across the life span. Although
many informative developmental studies have relied on cross-sectional comparisons
among individuals of different ages, optimal designs for addressing developmental
questions must involve the study of intraindividual change across time.
Spirituality. Finally, spirituality may be another important variable in a cancer patient’s
experience. Spirituality may buffer against the negative effects of life stressors. It has
been demonstrated that spirituality can enhance physical and psychological well-being
(Oxman, Freeman, & Manheimer, 1995), and predicts various health outcomes (Levin,
1994). In fact, Levin (1994) reviews more than 250 published empirical studies on the
largely beneficial health effects of religious or spiritual practice.