We propose a plan-based approach for responding to user queries in a collaborative environment. We argue that in such an environment, the system should not accept the user's query automatically, but should consider it a proposal open for negotiation. In this paper we concentrate on cases in which the system and user disagree, and discuss how this disagreement can be detected, negotiated, and how final modifications should be made to the existing plan.
Progress in collaborative networks continues showing a growing number of
manifestations including virtual organizations, virtual enterprises, dynamic supply
chains, professional virtual communities, collaborative virtual laboratories, etc. with a
wide spectrum of application domains. The realization that all these collaborative forms
represent variations of a more general paradigm has lead to their consolidation into
Collaborative Networks (CN) as anew scientific discipline.
Formal specification of agent behaviour through environment scenarios introduces a formal notation for the specification of scenario s in agent based systems. The autonomous and collaborative behavior of an agent can be formally specified by a set of rules describing its activity in various scenarios. The power of the approach is illustrated by the formal specification of maes.
Chapter 2 - The externaland internal environments. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Describe how environmental forces influence organizations and how organizations can influence their environments, distinguish between the macroenvironment and the competitive environment, explain why managers and organizations should attend to economic and social developments,...
Chapter 2: The externaland internal environments. Chapter 2 describes the external environment in which managers and their organizations operate - the context that both constrains and provides opportunities for managers. It also discusses what can be described as the organization’s internal environment: its culture.
Natural disasters—including hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and floods—
caused over 220,000 deaths worldwide in the first half of 2010 and wreaked havoc on homes,
buildings, and the environment. To withstand and recover from natural and human-caused
disasters, it is essential that citizens and communities work together to anticipate threats,
limit their effects, and rapidly restore functionality after a crisi
In this paper we will present three systems, ATLAS, THAM and VISULEX, which have been designed and implemented at GETA (Study Group for Machine Translation) in collaboration with IFCI (Institut de Formation et de Conseil en Informatique) as tools operating around the ARIANE-78 system.
I first want to thank my collaborator, Collins Hemingway, for his help
in synthesizing and developing the material in this book and for his
overall management of this project. The tunnel propagation hypothesis, as part of the set of mechanisms operating during
defibrillation, is expected to shed light on possible strategies for lowering DFT as well as for
developing new defibrillation devices.
Judicious treatment of environmental questions and challenges requires an integrated, crossdisciplinary
approach. Whether working at a local, national, regional, or global scale, the knowledge
and expertise resident in a variety of subject areas comes to bear on all questions of
sustainable development. Soil scientists now collaborate with colleagues in many Þelds, and a
basic working knowledge
A comprehensive guide to help you cut through the hype in order to select the best E-Learning tools and vendors for your specific needs. With its ability to both reduce operating costs and train more people, E-Learning is an attractive option for companies that are trying to balance business and educational goals. But in order to implement an E-Learning program, you'll have to wade through hundreds of learning management systems, learning content management systems, authoring schools, and collaboration environments to determine what solution will work best for your situation.
This book has arisen out of a decade-long collaborative initiative between the
Commission on Marine Cartography of the International Cartographic Association
and the Commission on Coastal Systems of the International Geographical Union,
and manifested in the series of conferences known as the CoastGIS Symposia.
The first CoastGIS meeting was held in Cork, Ireland, in February 1995. Since
then, successive events have taken place in Aberdeen, Scotland (1997), Brest,
France (1999) and Halifax, Nova Scotia (2001).
The aim of this book is to give a treatment of the actively developed domain of Ubiquitous computing. Originally proposed by Mark D. Weiser, the concept of Ubiquitous computing enables a real-time global sensing, context-aware informational retrieval, multi-modal interaction with the user and enhanced visualization capabilities. In effect, Ubiquitous computing environments give extremely new and futuristic abilities to look at and interact with our habitat at any time and from anywhere.
E-Learning is a vast and complex research topic that poses many challenges in every aspect: educational and pedagogical strategies and techniques and the tools for achieving them; usability, accessibility and user interface design; knowledge sharing and collaborative environments; technologies, architectures, and protocols; user activity monitoring, assessment and evaluation; experiences, case studies and more. This book’s authors come from all over the world; their ideas, studies, findings and experiences are a valuable contribution to enriching our knowledge in the field of eLearning. ...
Contemporary organizations face constant pressure to enhance levels of
service and productivity whilst also improving levels of cost efficiency.
The volatility of external environment and the rapid pace of technological
change increasingly demand innovative means of improving business
performance and securing competitive advantage. Human resources
(HR) are increasingly recognized as the prime source of competitive
advantage and the need for effective people management is therefore
more important than ever before....
Cashew is an important crop in Vietnam, and the government has assigned the development as a national priority gia.Nang cashew productivity has been increased since 2002, but the widespread use pesticides has caused health problems for farmers, animals and the environment. Article IPM program using ants as a key component in the development of Charles Darwin University (CDU) does not use toxic pesticides, but high-yield results. This project is using the CDU of IPM to develop and implement an IPM program that will work in conditions of Vietnam....
Parents and children need a framework for care which provides
continuity from pre-pregnancy, through pregnancy and childbirth, to
the early years of life. A comprehensive approach to early life is needed
which builds on existing programmes to ensure our children get the
best start in life8. Midwives have a key role in ensuring that their
contribution integrates with the roles of other professionals and
agencies working in collaboration with maternity services.
We have built a “production” system and an advanced research prototype. The production
system uses the commercial Java Message Service (SonicMQ) and has been used very
successfully to build a synchronous collaboration environment applied to distance education.
The publish/subscribe mechanism is powerful but this comes at some performance cost
and so it is important that it satisﬁes the reasonably stringent constraints of synchronous
Recent developments in high-performance networks, computers, information servers, and display technologies make it feasible to design network-enabled tools that incorporate remote compute and information resources into local computational environments and collaborative environments that link people, computers, and databases into collaborative sessions.
The Sakai Open Academic Environment (OAE) provides a unique collaboration system for university campuses: a social network that helps students discuss class materials, pursue research, communicate with faculty, and discover the risks and benefits of sharing personal information—all in a private, rather than public, forum. This example-driven guide will get you up to speed on various methods used to deploy, customize, and manage OAE, whether you’re an IT specialist in an educational institution, or an academic or instructional technologist.
Basically, all conservation consists of actions taken
to prevent decay, and within this objective it also
includes management of change and presentation
of the object so that the objects’ messages are made
comprehensible without distortion. Architectural
conservation is more complex; first because a
building must continue to stand up; secondly, economic
factors usually dictate that it should remain
in use; thirdly, it has to resist and use the effects of
climate; and, lastly, a whole team of ‘professionals’
have to collaborate.