Collective environment

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  • This interactive presentation describes LexNet, a graphical environment for graph-based NLP developed at the University of Michigan. LexNet includes LexRank (for text summarization), biased LexRank (for passage retrieval), and TUMBL (for binary classification). All tools in the collection are based on random walks on lexical graphs, that is graphs where different NLP objects (e.g., sentences or phrases) are represented as nodes linked by edges proportional to the lexical similarity between the two nodes.

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  • User generated content is characterized by short, noisy documents, with many spelling errors and unexpected language usage. To bridge the vocabulary gap between the user’s information need and documents in a specific user generated content environment, the blogosphere, we apply a form of query expansion, i.e., adding and reweighing query terms. Since the blogosphere is noisy, query expansion on the collection itself is rarely effective but external, edited collections are more suitable.

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Describe what is meant by collective bargaining and labor relations; identify the labor relations, goals of management, labor unions, and society; explain the legal environment's impact on labor relations;...

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  • After studying this chapter, you should have a good understanding of: the importance of developing forecasts of the business environment; why environmental scanning, environmental monitoring, and collecting competitive intelligence are critical inputs to forecasting; why scenario planning is a useful technique for firms competing in industries characterized by unpredictability and change.

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  • This collection of papers examines emerging security trends that will shape the Persian Gulf in the coming years. The authors address a number of topics that will affect regional security, including prospects for economic and political reform, civil-military relations, regime change, energy security, the spread of new information technologies, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

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  • Previous approaches to instruction interpretation have required either extensive domain adaptation or manually annotated corpora. This paper presents a novel approach to instruction interpretation that leverages a large amount of unannotated, easy-to-collect data from humans interacting with a virtual world. We compare several algorithms for automatically segmenting and discretizing this data into (utterance, reaction) pairs and training a classifier to predict reactions given the next utterance.

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  • In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Discuss inherent risks related to the revenue and collection cycle with a focus on improper revenue recognition describe the revenue and collection cycle, including typical source documents and control procedures; give examples of tests of controls over customer credit approval, delivery, and accounts receivable accounting;...

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  • The main goals of this chapter are to: Discuss inherent risks related to the revenue and collection cycle with a focus on improper revenue recognition describe the revenue and collection cycle, including typical source documents and control procedures; give examples of tests of controls over customer credit approval, delivery, and accounts receivable accounting.

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  • Java (đọc như "Gia-va") là một ngôn ngữ lập trình dạng lập trình hướng đối tượng (OOP). Khác với phần lớn ngôn ngữ lập trình thông thường, thay vì biên dịch mã nguồn thành mã máy hoặc thông dịch mã nguồn khi chạy, Java được thiết kế để biên dịch mã nguồn thành bytecode, bytecode sau đó sẽ được môi trường thực thi (runtime environment) chạy. Bằng cách này, Java thường chạy chậm hơn những ngôn ngữ lập trình thông dịch khác như C++, Python, Perl, PHP, C#...

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  • The first Section of this book starts with a collection of articles about sustainable education or education for sustainable development. The papers present research and practices of teaching and education as essential tools for achieving sustainable development. Alternative perspective to funding public schools and Universities are also presented in this section. The goal is to foster the increased quality of teaching and learning and help countries make progress toward development.

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  • When one is confronted with a new problem that involves the collection and analysis of data, two crucial questions are: How will using statistics help solve this problem? And, Which techniques should be used? This book is intended to help environmental engineers answer these questions in order to better understand and design systems for environmental protection. The book is not about the environmental systems, except incidentally. It is about how to extract information from data and how informative data are generated in the first place.

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  • The industrial relations environment and institutions in Indonesia have dramatically changed in recent years. Important changes in labour legislations have come about. One notable example of this change is the adoption of the Trade Union Law (Act No. 21/2000) and the Manpower Act (Act. No 13/2003). The proposed Industrial Dispute Settlement Act is currently under consideration in Parliament.

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  • Honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) are the main pollinating agents for numerous plants and fruit trees and, hence, play a key role in agriculture and more generally in the maintenance of ecological biodiversity. Although these social insects are not the targets of all the different agrochemical treatments used in crop protection, they are widely affected by pesticides.

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  • Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments.

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  • Our book is the collective effort of six economists with a great deal of help from their colleagues, teachers, families, and friends and, of course, the publisher (we especially thank Elizabeth Wald at Blackwell). As originally conceived, the book was to have only two authors (Quentin and Rob), but as the scope of the text expanded so did the need to bring in additional expert- ise for the chapters on non-market valuation (Vic), water (Steven), trade and biodiversity (Diane), and forestry and the global commons (Harry).

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  • Nutshell Handbook, the Nutshell Handbook logo, and the O’Reilly logo are registered trademarks of O’Reilly Media, Inc. Atmospheric Monitoring with Arduino and related trade dress are trademarks of O’Reilly Media, Inc. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and O’Reilly Media, Inc., was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in caps or initial caps.

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  • File-System Structure File-System Implementation Directory Implementation Allocation Methods Free-Space Management Efficiency and Performance Recovery Log-Structured File Systems NFS Example: WAFL File System To describe the details of implementing local file systems and directory structures To describe the implementation of remote file systems To discuss block allocation and free-block algorithms and trade-offs File-System Structure File structure Logical storage unit Collection of related information File system resides on secondary storage (disks) File system organized into...

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  • For the comparison of the share of biomass within the microbial community samples were collected on monthly basis from the Adriatic Sea (N = 110) from one coastal (ST103) and one open sea (CA009) site during 2010. Seawater samples from the Adriatic Sea sites and offshore site in the English Channel were collected by Niskin bottles through vertical profile. At four shore sites from the English Channel samples were collected manually from the surface. All samples were fixed with formaldehyde (2% final concentration), kept in the dark at 4 ºC and analyzed within two weeks.

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  • The Big Data Now anthology is relevant to anyone who creates, collects or relies upon data. It's not just a technical book or just a business guide. Data is ubiquitous and it doesn't pay much attention to borders, so we've calibrated our coverage to follow it wherever it goes.

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  • The safe management of nuclear and radioactive wastes is a subject that has recently received considerable recognition due to the huge volume of accumulative wastes and the increased public awareness of the hazards of these wastes. This book aims to cover the practice and research efforts that are currently conducted to deal with the technical difficulties in different radioactive waste management activities and to introduce to the non-technical factors that can affect the management practice.

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