Xem 1-20 trên 3288 kết quả Combinations
  • Tài liệu tham khảo về Business Combination - Kết hợp kinh doanh bằng tiếng Anh

    pdf0p panda12 03-08-2010 64 17   Download

  • Chapter 4 − Standard Combinational Components Page 1 of 46 Contents Combinational

    pdf46p sieukidvn 16-08-2010 61 7   Download

  • [ Team LiB ] Recipe 3.6 Combining Data in Tables from Heterogeneous Data Sources Problem You want to create a report that is based on data from tables in more than one data source. Solution Use ad-hoc connector names in SQL statements.

    pdf2p luvpro 04-08-2010 42 5   Download

  • Chapter 3 − Combinational Circuits Page 1 of 44 Contents Combinational Circuits

    pdf44p sieukidvn 16-08-2010 53 4   Download

  • Inspired by the incremental TER alignment, we re-designed the Indirect HMM (IHMM) alignment, which is one of the best hypothesis alignment methods for conventional MT system combination, in an incremental manner. One crucial problem of incremental alignment is to align a hypothesis to a confusion network (CN).

    pdf9p hongphan_1 14-04-2013 15 4   Download

  • In this paper we examine how the differences in modelling between different data driven systems performing the same NLP task can be exploited to yield a higher accuracy than the best individual system. We do this by means of an experiment involving the task of morpho-syntactic wordclass tagging. Four well-known tagger generators (Hidden Markov Model, Memory-Based, Transformation Rules and Maximum Entropy) are trained on the same corpus data. After comparison, their outputs are combined using several voting strategies and second stage classifiers. ...

    pdf7p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 25 4   Download

  • We present a novel method to improve word alignment quality and eventually the translation performance by producing and combining complementary word alignments for low-resource languages. Instead of focusing on the improvement of a single set of word alignments, we generate multiple sets of diversified alignments based on different motivations, such as linguistic knowledge, morphology and heuristics.

    pdf5p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 18 3   Download

  • Recently confusion network decoding shows the best performance in combining outputs from multiple machine translation (MT) systems. However, overcoming different word orders presented in multiple MT systems during hypothesis alignment still remains the biggest challenge to confusion network-based MT system combination. In this paper, we compare four commonly used word alignment methods, namely GIZA++, TER, CLA and IHMM, for hypothesis alignment.

    pdf8p hongphan_1 14-04-2013 19 3   Download

  • Although indexes may overlap, the output of an automatic indexer is generally presented as a fiat and unstructured list of terms. Our purpose is to exploit term overlap and embedding so as to yield a substantial qualitative and quantitative improvement in automatic indexing through concept combination. The increase in the volume of indexing is 10.5% for free indexing and 52.3% for controlled indexing. The resulting structure of the indexed corpus is a partial conceptual analysis.

    pdf5p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 22 3   Download

  • This paper presents a method to combine a set of unsupervised algorithms that can accurately disambiguate word senses in a large, completely untagged corpus. Although most of the techniques for word sense resolution have been presented as stand-alone, it is our belief that full-fledged lexical ambiguity resolution should combine several information sources and techniques. The set of techniques have been applied in a combined way to disambiguate the genus terms of two machine-readable dictionaries (MRD), enabling us to construct complete taxonomies for Spanish and French. ...

    pdf8p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 18 3   Download

  • Handwritten text recognition is a difficult problem in the field of pattern recognition. This paper focuses on two aspects of the work on recognizing isolated handwritten Vietnamese characters, including feature extraction and classifier combination. For the first task, based on the work in [1] we will present how to extract features for Vietnamese characters based on gradient, structural, and concavity characteristics of optical character images. For the second task, we first develop a general framework of classifier combination under the context of optical character recognition. ...

    pdf17p tuanlocmuido 19-12-2012 17 2   Download

  • This paper extends the training and tuning regime for phrase-based statistical machine translation to obtain fluent translations into morphologically complex languages (we build an English to Finnish translation system). Our methods use unsupervised morphology induction. Unlike previous work we focus on morphologically productive phrase pairs – our decoder can combine morphemes across phrase boundaries. Morphemes in the target language may not have a corresponding morpheme or word in the source language.

    pdf11p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 16 2   Download

  • Unsupervised word alignment is most often modeled as a Markov process that generates a sentence f conditioned on its translation e. A similar model generating e from f will make different alignment predictions. Statistical machine translation systems combine the predictions of two directional models, typically using heuristic combination procedures like grow-diag-final. This paper presents a graphical model that embeds two directional aligners into a single model.

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 12 2   Download

  • The state-of-the-art system combination method for machine translation (MT) is based on confusion networks constructed by aligning hypotheses with regard to word similarities. We introduce a novel system combination framework in which hypotheses are encoded as a confusion forest, a packed forest representing alternative trees.

    pdf9p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 18 2   Download

  • We present minimum Bayes-risk system combination, a method that integrates consensus decoding and system combination into a unified multi-system minimum Bayes-risk (MBR) technique. Unlike other MBR methods that re-rank translations of a single SMT system, MBR system combination uses the MBR decision rule and a linear combination of the component systems’ probability distributions to search for the minimum risk translation among all the finite-length strings over the output vocabulary.

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 13 2   Download

  • We combine multiple word representations based on semantic clusters extracted from the (Brown et al., 1992) algorithm and syntactic clusters obtained from the Berkeley parser (Petrov et al., 2006) in order to improve discriminative dependency parsing in the MSTParser framework (McDonald et al., 2005).

    pdf5p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 8 2   Download

  • In this paper, we present a new word alignment combination approach on language pairs where one language has no explicit word boundaries. Instead of combining word alignments of different models (Xiang et al., 2010), we try to combine word alignments over multiple monolingually motivated word segmentation. Our approach is based on link confidence score defined over multiple segmentations, thus the combined alignment is more robust to inappropriate word segmentation.

    pdf5p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 16 2   Download

  • The standard set of rules defined in Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) fails to provide satisfactory analyses for a number of syntactic structures found in natural languages. These structures can be analyzed elegantly by augmenting CCG with a class of rules based on the combinator D (Curry and Feys, 1958). We show two ways to derive the D rules: one based on unary composition and the other based on a logical characterization of CCG’s rule base (Baldridge, 2002).

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 14 2   Download

  • This paper presents an innovative, complex approach to semantic verb classification that relies on selectional preferences as verb properties. The probabilistic verb class model underlying the semantic classes is trained by a combination of the EM algorithm and the MDL principle, providing soft clusters with two dimensions (verb senses and subcategorisation frames with selectional preferences) as a result. A language-model-based evaluation shows that after 10 training iterations the verb class model results are above the baseline results. ...

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 19 2   Download

  • This paper proposes to solve the bottleneck of finding training data for word sense disambiguation (WSD) in the domain of web queries, where a complete set of ambiguous word senses are unknown. In this paper, we present a combination of active learning and semi-supervised learning method to treat the case when positive examples, which have an expected word sense in web search result, are only given. The novelty of our approach is to use “pseudo negative examples” with reliable confidence score estimated by a classifier trained with positive and unlabeled examples.

    pdf4p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 24 2   Download

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